Judy Garland

Frances Ethel Gumm
June 10, 1922
Grand Rapids, Minnesota, United States
Died June 22, 1969 (aged 47)
Chelsea, London, United Kingdom
Cause of death Barbiturate overdose
Occupation Actress, singer, vaudevillian
Years active 1924–1969 (singer)
1929–1967 (actress)
Spouses David Rose (m. 1941; div. 1944)
Vincente Minnelli (m. 1945; div. 1951)
Sidney Luft (m. 1952; div. 1965)
Mark Herron (m. 1965; div. 1967)
Mickey Deans (m. 1969; her death 1969)
Children Liza Minnelli, Lorna Luft, Joey Luft
Parents Francis Avent Gumm (father)
Ethel Marion Milne (mother)
Awards List of awards and honors
Judy Garland (June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969), born Frances Ethel Gumm, was an American singer, actress, and vaudevillian. She was renowned for her contralto vocals and attained international stardom which continued throughout a career that spanned more than 40 years as an actress in musical and dramatic roles, as a recording artist, and on concert stages. Respected for her versatility, she received a Juvenile Academy Award and won a Golden Globe Award, as well as Grammy Awards and a Special Tony Award.

She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in the remake of A Star Is Born and for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in the 1961 film Judgment at Nuremberg. She remains the youngest recipient (at 39 years of age) of the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in the motion picture industry.

After appearing in vaudeville with her two older sisters, Garland was signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a teenager. There, she made more than two dozen films, including nine with Mickey Rooney, and 1939’s The Wizard of Oz. After 15 years, she was released from the studio and then gained new success through record-breaking concert appearances, including a return to acting, beginning with critically acclaimed performances.

Despite her professional triumphs, Garland struggled immensely in her personal life, starting when she was a child. Her self-image was strongly influenced by film executives, who said she was unattractive and constantly manipulated her onscreen physical appearance. She was plagued by financial instability, often owing hundreds of thousands of dollars in back taxes. She married five times, with her first four marriages ending in divorce. She also had a long battle with drugs and alcohol, which ultimately led to her death from a barbiturate overdose at the age of 47.

In 1997, Garland was posthumously awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Several of her recordings have been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. In 1999, the American Film Institute placed her among the ten greatest female stars of Classic American cinema.

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