Archive for the ‘10’s Directors’ Category

Alfred Hitchcock

Born Alfred Joseph Hitchcock
13 August 1899
Leytonstone, Essex, England
Died 29 April 1980 (aged 80)
Bel Air, California, U.S.
Other names Hitch, the Master of Suspense
Alma mater
Salesian College, London
St Ignatius’ College, Enfield
Occupation Film director, film producer
Years active 1919–1980
Religion Roman Catholic
Spouse Alma Reville (m. 1926–1980; his death)
Children Patricia Hitchcock
Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer, often nicknamed “The Master of Suspense”. He pioneered many elements of the suspense and psychological thriller genres. He had a successful career in British cinema with both silent films and early talkies and became renowned as England’s best director. Hitchcock moved to Hollywood in 1939 and became a US citizen in 1955.

Over a career spanning half a century, Hitchcock fashioned for himself a recognisable directorial style. His stylistic trademarks include the use of camera movement that mimics a person’s gaze, forcing viewers to engage in a form of voyeurism. In addition, he framed shots to maximise anxiety, fear, or empathy, and used innovative forms of film editing. His work often features fugitives on the run alongside “icy blonde” female characters. Many of Hitchcock’s films have twist endings and thrilling plots featuring depictions of murder and other violence. Many of the mysteries, however, are used as decoys or “MacGuffins” that serve the films’ themes and the psychological examinations of their characters. Hitchcock’s films also borrow many themes from psychoanalysis and sometimes feature strong sexual overtones. He became a highly visible public figure through interviews, movie trailers, cameo appearances in his own films, and the ten years in which he hosted the television program Alfred Hitchcock Presents. In 1978, film critic John Russell Taylor described Hitchcock as “the most universally recognizable person in the world”, and “a straightforward middle-class Englishman who just happened to be an artistic genius.”

Hitchcock directed more than fifty feature films in a career spanning six decades and is often regarded as the greatest British filmmaker. He came first in a 2007 poll of film critics in Britain’s Daily Telegraph, which said: “Unquestionably the greatest filmmaker to emerge from these islands, Hitchcock did more than any director to shape modern cinema, which would be utterly different without him. His flair was for narrative, cruelly withholding crucial information (from his characters and from viewers) and engaging the emotions of the audience like no one else.” Prior to 1980, there had long been talk of Hitchcock being knighted for his contribution to film, with film critic Roger Ebert writing: “Other British directors like Sir Carol Reed and Sir Charlie Chaplin were knighted years ago, while Hitchcock, universally considered by film students to be one of the greatest filmmakers of all time, was passed over”, before he received his knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II in the 1980 New Year Honours. In 2002, the magazine MovieMaker named Hitchcock the most influential filmmaker of all time.

James Bond

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Creator Ian Fleming
Original work Novels
Print publications
Novels List of novels
Short stories List of short stories
Comics
Dr. No/Doctor No Marvel Comics movie tie-in (1962)
VARGR (Dynamite Comics, 2015)
Comic strips
Casino Royale by Anthony Hern (1958, Daily Express #1-138)
Double Eagle by Yaroslav Horak and Jim Lawrence (1984, Daily Star #894-96)
Films and television
Films
Dr. No (1962)
Spectre (2015)
Short films Happy and Glorious
Television series
Climax! episode 1.3 Casino Royale
James Bond Jr.
Games
Traditional James Bond in video games
Audio
Radio programs
Mooraker movie tie-in
Diamonds Are Forever movie tie-in
Soundtracks
Dr. No soundtrack
Spectre soundtrack
Miscellaneous
Toys
Sideshow Collectibles action figures
Corgi Toys and Hot Wheels die-casts
much others
Portrayers
Barry Nelson (1954)
Bob Holness (1956)
Bob Simmons (1962-4)
Sean Connery (1962-7, 1971, 1983)
Roger Moore (1964, 1973-85)
David Niven (1967)
George Lazenby (1969)
George Baker (1969)
Christopher Cazenove (1973)
Timothy Dalton (1987-9)
Michael Jayston (1990)
Pierce Brosnan (1995-2002)
Daniel Craig (2006-present)
Toby Stephens (2008-present)
The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections. Since Fleming’s death in 1964, eight other authors have written authorised Bond novels or novelizations: Kingsley Amis, Christopher Wood, John Gardner, Raymond Benson, Sebastian Faulks, Jeffery Deaver, William Boyd and Anthony Horowitz. The latest novel is Trigger Mortis by Anthony Horowitz, published in September 2015. Additionally Charlie Higson wrote a series on a young James Bond, and Kate Westbrook wrote three novels based on the diaries of a recurring series character, Moneypenny.

The character has also been adapted for television, radio, comic strip, video games and film. The films are the longest continually running and the third-highest-grossing film series to date, which started in 1962 with Dr. No, starring Sean Connery as Bond. As of 2016, there have been twenty-four films in the Eon Productions series. The most recent Bond film, Spectre (2015), stars Daniel Craig in his fourth portrayal of Bond; he is the sixth actor to play Bond in the Eon series. There have also been two independent productions of Bond films: Casino Royale (a 1967 spoof) and Never Say Never Again (a 1983 remake of an earlier Eon-produced film, Thunderball).

The Bond films are renowned for a number of features, including the musical accompaniment, with the theme songs having received Academy Award nominations on several occasions, and one win. Other important elements which run through most of the films include Bond’s cars, his guns, and the gadgets with which he is supplied by Q Branch. The films are also noted for Bond’s relationships with various women, who are sometimes referred to as “Bond girls”.

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