Archive for the ‘1935’ Category

The Cinnamon Bear

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Jerrel McQueen and Timothy Holmes illustrated this book published in 2007 by Beautiful America Publishing Company.
The Cinnamon Bear is an old time radio program produced by Transco (Transcription Company of America), based in Hollywood, California. The series was specifically designed to be listened to six days a week between Thanksgiving and Christmas.

It was first broadcast between Friday, November 26 and Saturday December 25, 1937. Some markets like Portland, Oregon jumped the gun, debuting the program on November 25, Thanksgiving Day. In the first season, Portland broadcast the program on two stations, KALE at 6:00pm and KXL at 7:00pm.

When syndication problems arose at Transco, the program was not officially broadcast in 1940, although some stations might have aired previous transcriptions. No program aired in Portland that year. In 1941, Transco programming was sold to Broadcasters Program Syndicate, and The Cinnamon Bear was on the air nationally once again. In the 1950s, syndication was taken over by Lou R. Winston, also based in Hollywood.

An original Lipman-Wolfe & Company newspaper ad from the Portland Oregon Journal, November 25, 1937 read:

Introducing Paddy O’Cinnamon, Santa Claus’s right-hand man! Meet him with Santa in Toyland at Lipman’s… and don’t miss his exciting adventures with Judy and Jimmy (two of the nicest playmates you could ever want). and some nights you’ll be so anxious to hear how they got the Silver Star back from the wicked Crazyquilt Dragon that you’ll listen twice! And here’s a secret… the Cinnamon Bear is just as excited about meeting you as he can be.
Plot

The story focused on Judy and Jimmy Barton who go to the enchanted world of Maybeland to recover their missing Silver Star that belongs on their Christmas tree. Helping on the search is the Cinnamon Bear, a stuffed bear with shoe-button eyes and a green ribbon around his neck. They meet other memorable characters during their quest, including the Crazy Quilt Dragon (who repeatedly tries to take the star for himself), the Wintergreen Witch, Fe Fo the Giant and Santa Claus.

Episodes began at Thanksgiving and ended at Christmas, with one episode airing each night. The show was created by a group of merchants as an advertising promotion, and was recorded in only a few weeks. It was produced by Lindsay MacHarrie, who also provided the voice of Westley the Whale and several other characters.

Cast and crew

The voice of The Cinnamon Bear was provided by Buddy Duncan, a midget and vaudeville comedian. Many notable radio voices lent their talents, including:

Barbara Jean Wong as Judy Barton
Unknown as Jimmy Barton
Joseph Kearns as The Crazy-Quilt Dragon
Verna Felton as Judy & Jimmy’s mother
Lou Merrill as Santa Claus
Martha Wentworth as The Wintergreen Witch
Gale Gordon as Weary Willie the Stork and Oliver Ostrich
Rosa Barcelo as Queen Melissa
Elvia Allman as Penelope the Pelican
Joe DuVal as Fe Fo, the Giant
Frank Nelson as Captain Tin Top
Hanley Stafford as Snapper Snitch, the Crooning Crocodile
Howard McNear as Samuel the Seal and Slim Pickins, the Cowboy
Cy Kendall as Captain Taffy, the Pirate, and Chief Cook and Bottle Washer (Indian Chief)
Ted Osborne as King Blotto the Third and Professor Whiz, the Owl
Elliott Lewis as Mr. Presto the Magician
Ed Max as the Inkaboo Assistant Executioner
Dorothy Scott as Fraidy Cat
Lindsay MacHarrie as Westley the Wailing Whale, the Grand Wonkey, and others
Eddie Collins as Rhyming Rabbit

It is not known for sure who played Jimmy Barton. Old time radio fans think it was either Walter Tetley of The Great Gildersleeve and The Phil Harris-Alice Faye Show, or Tommy Carr of the radio show, Magic Island. Radio announcer Bud Heistand served as the narrator. Lindsay MacHarrie was also the producer of the show.

Both actors Gale Gordon as Weary Willie the Stork and Oliver Ostrich and Joseph Kearns as The Crazy-Quilt Dragon would later go on to work on the 1959 television show Dennis the Menace. Gale Gordon was under contract to play John Wilson (after the death of Joseph Kearns, who played George Wilson) on Dennis the Menace.

The story and all the songs were written in six weeks’ time by Glan Heisch, aided by his wife, Elisabeth A. Heisch (1908–2003). He was specifically directed to create something in the style of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.

Public reception

The radio show proved to be so popular that the Metropolitan Washington Old-Time Radio Club says it has been broadcast by a station somewhere in the world every year during the holidays, even today. Many malls had a Cinnamon Bear that children would tell what they wanted for gifts instead of a Santa, and he would show up in Christmas parades. The Cinnamon Bear has remained especially popular in Portland Oregon, which was often cited as a “Cinnamon Bear hotspot.”

Television

In 1951, for a Cinnamon Bear television series, the characters were hand puppets, and the radio program provided the soundtrack.

Rights

The copyright is now held by the eldest child of Glan and Elisabeth Heisch, Catherine Borchmann of Rockford, Illinois. Catherine inherited the property following the death of Elisabeth Heisch in 2003. There was a lengthy legal battle in the early 2000s in which the heirs of Glanville Heisch (who died in 1986) prevailed, and the copyright of the radio play was returned to the family.

No Sound Recordings prior to 1972 are protected by federal copyright law. State common law copyright applies. The safe position is that no sound recordings are in the public domain because state common law doesn’t have legislative limits.

A federal trademark for the Portland Spirit Cinnamon Bear was filed and registered in 2004.

Books and publications

In 1987, upon the 50th anniversary of The Cinnamon Bear, a fan of the show started an annual newsletter called “Bear Facts” and put out by “The Cinnamon Bear Brigade,” which ran for five years.

The Cinnamon Bear in the Adventure of the Silver Star (2007) by Rick Lewis and Veronica Marzilli was published during the 70th anniversary of The Cinnamon Bear. Jerrel McQueen and Timothy Holmes provided the illustrations.

Influence

Timothy John, a proposed radio serial by Carlton E. Morse, featured a teddy bear who spoke with an Irish accent. As noted by Martin Grams, Jr., Morse’s unused plot synopsis was obviously inspired by The Cinnamon Bear.

Lipman’s is probably best remembered for the Cinnamon Bear, a popular Portland Christmas time tradition since 1937. The Cinnamon Bear was introduced as a Lipman’s-sponsored radio story character, meant to count down the days until Christmas. Along with Santa Claus, his costumed likeness appeared every Christmas at Lipman’s stores, handing out cookies to children. Frederick & Nelson continued the practice after absorbing the brand. The Cinnamon Bear survives today as a souvenir at the Fifth Avenue Suites. To this day, the Cinnamon Bear is aired during the holidays on K103. The Cinnamon Bear radio show can also be heard on Kool 99.1 in Eugene, Oregon every Christmas

Portland Spirit Cruises developed the first Cinnamon Bear Cruise in 2005, based on the radio show by Glanville and Elizabeth Heisch’s memorable characters and the radio show. Becoming a family tradition in Portland, Oregon, the cruise entering its 5th year in 2009, sells out to thousands of family members during the month of December. On board, children of all ages meet Queen Melissa, Cinnamon Bear, Crazy Quilt Dragon, Presto the Magician, Captain Taffy and the Candy Buccaneers and numerous other magical characters from the radio series.

1939

What Happened in 1939 including Pop Culture, Significant Events …
1939 Prices including Wages, Houses and Gas, Events include Germany and the Soviet Union invade Poland, World War II Begins, Spanish Civil War ends …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/1939.html
What Happened in the 1930s featuring News, Popular Culture …
In 1930 the average cost of new car was $640.00 and by 1939 was $700.00 More A few more prices from the 30’s and how much things cost. Firestone Tyre …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/1930s.html

Food Groceries and Toiletries in the 1930’s prices 50 examples from …
Jumbo Sliced Loaf of Bread 5 cents Maryland 1939. Spinach 5 cents a pound Maryland 1939. Clifton Toilet Tissue 9 cents for 2 rolls Ohio 1932. Camay Soap 6 …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/30sfood.html

What Happened on September 1st This Day in History
Poland 1939 Poland Germany Invades 1st Sept. 1939 : German troops invade Poland by sending in 1.5 million troops at the same time the German Luftwaffe …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/september1st.html
What Happened on April 30th This Day in History
For Those With Birthdays 30th April looking for specific year these years are Included on this date 1789, 1921, 1932, 1939, 1940, 1943, 1945, 1948, 1951, 1952, …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/april30th.html

Electrical goods and appliances in the 1930’s prices examples from …
Automatic Iron $4.95 Westinghouse Wringer washing machine $59.95 North Carolina 1939. Tappan Gas Range $69.95 North Carolina 1939. All Electric 6 tube …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/30selectrical.html

1930’s Homes and House Prices
The following are some of the criteria for selling or buying a home in the year 1939: Sleeping rooms were to be designed to provide considerable amount of …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/30s-homes.html

Classic Car models and prices for cars from the Thirties
Cadillac 1939. Price $1345. V8 Engine The new Cadillac 61 the value sensation of the century for hundreds of dollars less. Cadillac 1935 Passenger Sedan

1938

Classic Car models and prices for cars from the Thirties

The car with rumble seat for 2 or 4 passengers. Buick 1938 1938 Buick It’s a big honey for a little money with new dynaflash ignition. Buick 4 door sedan 1936
www.thepeoplehistory.com/30scars.html

Food Groceries and Toiletries in the 1930’s prices 50 examples from …
Suntan Oil 25 cents Pennsylvania 1938. Talcum Powder 13 cents Maryland 1939 . Noxzema Medicated Cream for Pimples 49 cents Texas 1935. Applesauce 20 …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/30sfood.html

What Happened on May 13th This Day in History
For Those With Birthdays 13th May looking for specific year these years are Included on this date 1938, 1939, 1940, 1947, 1960, 1968, 1980, 1981, 1985, 1988, …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/may13th.html

What Happened on March 15th This Day in History
15th March, 1938 : On the same day of one of Hitler s addresses to over seven million people, it is declared that Jews will not be allowed to vote. This event …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/march15th.html

What Happened on September 21st This Day in History
U.S. 1938 U.S.A. Hurricane 21st Sept. 1938 : A hurricane with winds reaching 185 miles per hour often known as 1938 New England hurricane landed on seven …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/september21st.html

1930’s Homes and House Prices
1938 Appleton Wisconsin 6 room home with full basement and hot water heater … 1938 Mansfield Ohio 71 acre farm with 6 room house , electricity and bath and …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/30s-homes.html
What Happened on June 1st This Day in History
1923, 1933, 1935, 1938, 1942, 1944, 1946, 1947, 1958, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1970, 1979, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1993, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2012, 2013, …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/june1st.html
What Happened in the 1930s featuring News, Popular Culture …
Steak 1938 1LB 20 cents. New Emerson Bedroom Radio 1938 $9.95. Shaefer Pens 1933 from $3.35. Plymouth Roadking Car 1938 $685. Emmerson 5 tube …
www.thepeoplehistory.com/1930s.html

What Happened on October 30th This Day in History
U.S. 1938 U.S.A. War of the Worlds 30th October, 1938: Radio dramatist Orson Welles caused mass hysteria and frightened tens of thousands of listeners …

1937

1937 unemployment continued to drop to 14.3% dropping some 6.7% from the previous year. And the Engineering feat of the Golden Gate bridge opening gave Americans great pride, and the Millionaire Inventor / Industrialist set a new air record by completing the flight from Los Angeles to New York in 7 hours 28 seconds. After a number of strikes in the Auto industry General Motors were forced to recognize the UAW United Auto Workers Union. A major flood along the Mississippi and Ohio rivers caused millions to lose their homes in Ohio , Kentucky and Illinois. The pride of Germany the flying ship Hindenburg exploded while attempting to hook itself to a mooring post and signaled the end of the flying ship in 1937 as a major form of transport, and the immortal words of reporter Herb Morrison who was filming the Hindenburg ” Oh The Humanity! The Humanity ” were shown and heard around the world. One of the unsolved mysteries of modern times the disappearance of Amelia Earhart also occurred in this year.

Cost of Living 1937

How Much things cost in 1937
Average Cost of new house $4,100.00
Average wages per year $1,780.00
Cost of a gallon of Gas 10 cents
Average Cost for house rent $26.00 per month
A loaf of Bread 9 cents
A LB of Hamburger Meat 12 cents
Average Price for new car $760.00
Toothpaste 35 cents
Couple of examples of houses advertised for sale
Port Authur, Texas — 5 room Cottage home and bath in town center $2,250
Mansfield, Ohio —- Colonial Brick Home 6 modern rooms and bath with open fireplace in living room $6,000

Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 540

United States — Amelia Earhart Disappeared
Amelia Mary Earhart mysteriously disappeared over the Pacific Ocean during a circumnavigation flight
More Information and Timeline For Amelia Mary Earhart
1. Amelia Mary Earhart started her career during World War I as a nurses aid in Toronto, Canada looking after wounded soldiers ( Mostly as a Cook )
2. 1920 after saving by working multiple jobs including photographer, truck driver, and stenographer she saved the $1,000 needed to take flying lessons
3. 1923, Amelia Earhart became the 16th woman to be issued a pilot’s license
4. 1928, Earhart became the first woman to fly solo across the North American continent and back
5. 1932 she became the the first woman to fly solo non-stop across the Atlantic
6. 1937 On June 1st Amelia Earhart and her flight navigator Fred Noonan take off from Miami attempting a round-the-world flight.
7. At midnight GMT on the July 2nd after travelling 22,000 miles they take off from Lae, New Guinea for the final 7,000 miles, 1st stop would be Howland Island in the Pacific.
8. The last recorded radio broadcast from Amelia Earhart was at 8:43 am stated “We are on the line 157 337” , she was never heard from again
9. After multiple searches Amelia Earhart was declared legally dead on January 5, 1939.
After more than 70 years and using the latest technology her plane has still not been found and Myths and urban legends abound, but her legacy of the pioneer spirit she showed and the records she achieved are a tribute to her spirit of adventure.

U.S. – Snow White and the Seven Dwarves Premieres
More Information and Timeline For Snow White and the Seven Dwarves
Walt Disney premieres “Snow White and the Seven Dwarves” on December 21st 1937 at the Carthay Circle Theater in Los Angeles, California. It was the very first technicolor, full-length animated English language feature film to have been created and captivated audiences from the start, as huge crowds gathered to see the spectacle at the premiere. The film initially had a budget of $1.5 million it was expected to be a failure, but Disney was proven correct in his gamble as the film went on to become a beloved classic and it made over $6 million by 1939.

United States — Hindenburg
The German airship Hindenburg bursts into flames while attempting to moor at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
More Information and Timeline For German airship Hindenburg
1. 1931 Construction of the The LZ 129 Hindenburg starts as the largest German commercial passenger-carrying rigid airship built by Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH ( Zeppelin Company )
2. The Hindenburg was 803.8 feet long with an envelope of (7,062,000 cubic feet) filled with Hydrogen gas which is highly flammable to provide the lift
3. Forward and Reverse power from four Daimler-Benz 16-cylinder diesel engines
3. 1936 the Hindenburg ( Named after Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg former President of Germany ) made its maiden test flight
4. 1936 The Hindenburg makes 17 round trips across the Atlantic Ocean 10 trips to the U.S. and seven to Brazil
5. On May 3rd The Hindenburg leaves Frankfurt, Germany bound for Lakehurst, NJ, United States
6. At 7:21 PM on May 6th 1937 while attempting to dock with its mooring mast at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station the Hindenburg bursts into flames killing 35 passengers, crew and 1 ground crew, when watching the disaster ( Video below ) it is amazing any passengers and crew survived.
The incident together with other high profile problems in the Airship Industry shattered public confidence in passenger-carrying rigid airships and marked the end of the era for Airships.

United States — Howard Hughes
Aviator Howard Hughes breaks his own transcontinental flight speed record when he flies from Los Angeles to Newark.
More Information and Timeline for Howard Hughes Transcontinental Flight Record.
On January 19, 1937 millionaire aviator Howard Hughes broke his own transcontinental flight record that he had set in the previous year. Hughes flew his monoplane a total of 2,490 miles from Los Angeles, California to Newark, New Jersey in 7 hours, 28 minutes, and 25 seconds. The record was nearly two hours shorter than his previous record. Hughes averaged a speed of 332 miles per hour. His flight was successful but it was believed that he had a few problems with his oxygen mask during the flight.

U.S. – First Blood Bank Opens in Chicago
More Information and Timeline for First Blood Bank.
The first hospital blood bank system in the United States is established by Dr. Bernard Fantus during March of 1937. Fantus opened the blood bank in Chicago, Illinois at the Cook County Hospital. The blood bank stored and preserved donated blood, making many medical treatments easier as doctors no longer needed donors to be present at the time of transfusion. As a result of the blood bank, the number of transfusions more than doubled at the hospital in the following year. The idea of the blood bank revolutionized medicine and helped advance modern surgery.

United States — Memorial Day Massacre
The Memorial Day Massacre takes place when Ten union demonstrators are killed when police open fire on union protesters in Chicago
More Information and Timeline For Memorial Day Massacre Chicago
1. Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC) union signed a collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel
2. Smaller steel manufacturers including Republic Steel refuse to sign the Union Deal
3. On May 30th Memorial Day, strike sympathizers start at Sam’s Place and march towards the Republic Steel mill in protest against non signing of the collective bargaining agreement .
4. A line of Chicago policeman block their path
5. A tree branch is thrown by steel workers at the police lines
6. Police open fire on the crowd and use clubs to break up the protest, police bullets kill ten people and injure 30, another 28 suffer serious head injuries from police clubbing.
6. A Coroner’s Jury declared the killings to be “justifiable homicide” and no police were ever convicted.

U.K. – Duke of Windsor Marries Wallis Simpson
More Information and Timeline for Duke of Windsor Marries Wallis Simpson.
The British Duke of Windsor and American Wallis Warfield Simpson are married in a small ceremony in France on June 3rd 1937. The Duke of Windsor was formerly known as King Edward VIII of Great Britain but had abdicated in 1936 in order to marry American socialite Wallis Simpson. Simpson was already married when they started their relationship which was especially scandalous at the time. Simpson got divorced, for a second time in her life, in order to marry King Edward VIII but the royal family and the British government still thoroughly rejected the idea of her as Queen. After he renounced his throne and her divorce was finalized they promptly married and had remained together until the Duke of Windsor�s death in 1972.

United States — Ronald Reagan
Actor and future U.S. President Ronald Reagan makes his film debut in “Love Is on the Air.”
More Information for Ronald Reagan’s Acting Debut.
Future U.S. President Ronald Reagan made his film debut during October of 1937 with the release of the film “Love Is on the Air.” Reagan played the lead role of “Andy McCaine” opposite June Travis. Reagan went on to appear in over fifty films throughout his acting career and continued to remain in the public spotlight when he was elected as the Governor of California in 1967. In 1980, he was elected President of the United States and served until 1988.

United States – Waterman Aerobile
The “Waterman Aerobile” flying car has its first flight.
More Information for the Aerobile
Waldo Waterman’s flying car the “Waterman Aerobile” has its first flight during February of 1937. The Aerobile was a tailless monoplane with high wings and tricycle landing gear. The design and creation of the Aerobile was the result of Waterman working on plane prototypes since the 1910s. The Aerobile’s design was an improved version of his prototype from the early 1930’s, known as the “Waterman Whatsit.” The vehicle was intended to be an affordable and safe aircraft option and he was recognized by the Bureau of Air Commerce for his creation. With the success of the 1937 test flight the craft was proven safe, but, it generated little interest with the public and only a few Aerobiles were made.

United States — Golden Gate Bridge
San Francisco�s iconic Golden Gate Bridge officially opens during May of 1937. Construction on the bridge began in 1933 and cost about $35 million to complete. It was designed by several engineers and architects including Joseph Strauss, Irving Morrow, Charles Alton Ellis, and Leon Moisseff, in a collaborative effort. At the time of its completion, the Golden Gate Bridge was the longest suspension bridge in the world, a title which it held continuously until 1964.

Calendar For The Year 1937
1937 Calendar

Polio
Increases in the number of Infantile Paralysis cases ( Polio ) in Chicago causes cities schools to stay closed.

National Basketball League
National Basketball League (NBL) was created by three corporations: General Electric, Firestone and Goodyear.

First total solar eclipse
First total solar eclipse to exceed 7 minutes of totality in over 800 years; visible in the Pacific and Peru

Joe Louis
Joe Louis nicknamed The Brown Bomber defeats American Jim Braddock on June 22nd to became World Heavyweight Champion and had 25 defenses from 1937 to 1949. He was a world champion for 11 years and 10 months

Nanking
Japanese forces capture the city of Nanking in China and massacre of an estimated 200,000

Hong Kong Typhoon
Typhoon strikes the Island of Hong Kong with devastating results

King Edward VIII
Former King OF England King Edward VIII marries Wallis Warfield Simpson on June 3rd

King George VI
King George VI becomes the British Monarch when he is crowned on May 12th at Westminster Abbey.

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s second term

Old Age Insurance Benefits
On January 1st One percent of wages Deductions from US employers and Employees to provide Old Age Insurance Benefits ( Old Age Pensions )

Japan Invades China
Japan Invades China and seizes Peking, Tietsin, Nanjing, Shanghai and Hangchow

Toyota Motor Company
Kiichiro Toyoda founds the Toyota Motor Company in Japan

huge dust storm
A huge dust storm on June 4th sweeps from Oklahoma westward

Neville Chamberlain
Neville Chamberlain becomes the British prime minister

Emergency 999 Telephone service
The Emergency 999 Telephone service is started on June 30th in the UK

Popular Culture
The Dandy, the world’s longest running comic, was first published
Popular Films

Disney releases Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
Conquest
Books Published
Death on the Nile is published by Agatha Christie
The Hobbit is published by J. R. R. Tolkien
Of Mice and Men is published by John Steinbeck

Born This Year
Jackie Collins October 4th
Bobby Charlton October 11th
Anthony Hopkins December 31st
Shirley Bassey January 8th
Loretta Swit November 4th
Madeleine Albright May 15th — Prague, Czechoslovakia
Warren Beatty March 30th — Richmond, Virginia, U.S
Peter Cook November 19th — Torquay, Devon, England
Bill Cosby July 12th — Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Jane Fonda December 21st — New York City, New York, U.S.
Morgan Freeman June 1st — Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
Susan Hampshire May 12th — London, England
Dustin Hoffman August 8th — Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Jack Nicholson April 22nd — New York City, New York, U.S.
Roger Penske February 20th — Shaker Heights, Ohio, U.S.
Colin Powell April 5th — Harlam, New York , U.S.
Vanessa Redgrave January 30th — London, England
Tom Stoppard July 3rd — Zl�n, Czechoslovakia

Technology
The Hindenburg disaster in 1937 triggered the fall in the Use of Airships for commercial passenger travel,
The first flying car to actually fly was built by Waldo Waterman and flew in 1937
The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, is opened.
The Teasmade By Goblin is sold for the first time
The First Blood Bank Opens in Chicago
The BBC use their outside broadcast unit for the first time, to televise the coronation of King George VI.
Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft in Rugby, England.

Major World Political Leaders
Australia — Prime Minister — Joseph Lyons —
Brazil — President — Get�lio Vargas —
Canada — Prime Minister — William Lyon Mackenzie King —
Germany — Chancellor — Adolf Hitler —
Italy — Prime Minister — Benito Mussolini —
Japan — Prime Minister — Koki Hirota — Till 2 February
Japan — Prime Minister — Senjuro Hayashi — From 2 February
Japan — Prime Minister — Senjuro Hayashi — Till 4 June
Japan — Prime Minister — Fumimaro Konoe — From 4 June
Mexico — President — L�zaro C�rdenas —
Russia / Soviet Union — General Secretary of the Central Committee — Joseph Stalin —
South Africa — Prime Minister — James Barry Munnik Hertzog —
United States — President — Franklin D. Roosevelt —
United Kingdom — Prime Minister — Stanley Baldwin — Till 28 May
United Kingdom — Prime Minister — Neville Chamberlain — From 28 May

1935-2001

There’s a lot of issues we should learn about these two different years. The prices of houses is quite different. 1935 is better than 2001 prices of homes, but at the same topic, 2001 are far better than 2017 homes in price.

Thank You President Shithead Obama for everything you did that meant nothing for The American People !!!

1936

1936 The depression lingered on with unemployment continuing to fall to 16.9%, and Hitlers Germany continued to show the world it was not scared of anyone but the 1936 Olympics caused Hitler humiliation when his Aryan Supermen were dominated by the great Jesse Owens. Germany’s Hitler, Italy’s Mussolini and Japan formed an alliance which would show it’s real reason for creation in World War 11. Many of Americas unemployed travelled to California hoping to get work but the the local police chief posted guards at main entrance points blocking the ” undesirables” this was illegal and later stopped. The Boulder Dam was completed later renamed the Hoover Dam.

Cost of Living 1936
How Much things cost in 1936
Average Cost of new house $3,925.00
Average wages per year $1,713.00
Cost of a gallon of Gas 10 cents
Average Cost for house rent $24.00 per month
A loaf of Bread 8 cents
A LB of Hamburger Meat 12 cents
Studebaker Car $665.00
Ladies Swimming Costume $6.95
Hot Cross Buns 16 Cents per dozen
Campbells Tomato Soup 4 cans for 25 cents
Oranges 2 dozen 25 cents
Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 550

UK — King Edward VIII abdicates
King Edward VIII abdicates to marry Wallis Simpson
More Information and Timeline for Edward VIII Abdication
1. King George V dies in January of 1936 only a year after celebrating his Silver Jubilee.
2. Edward VIII, the Prince of Wales, becomes Great Britain’s ruling monarch from January to December of 1936.
3. Throughout his youth Edward had various affairs with married women. In 1930 he had fallen in love with a married woman named Wallis Simpson.
4. Simpson got divorced in 1936 and it was clear that Edward was going to marry her.
5. Wallis Simpson would not have been an appropriate Queen as she was a two-time divorcee and both of her previous husbands were still alive. When faced with the prospect of choosing the crown or love, Edward made the decision to abdicate and renounce his claim to the throne.
6. Edward ordered the Instrument of Abdication on December 10th of 1936 and it became effective on the next day. He also gave up any claim that his children might have to the throne. He had never been crowned King and he had ruled for a total of three-hundred and twenty-five days.
7. His brother Albert became King next and took the name George VI.
8. Edward married Wallis Simpson in 1937 and he became the Duke of Windsor after his abdication.
9. Edward and Wallis lived abroad for the rest of their lives in places like France and the Bahamas. He died in 1972 at the age of seventy-eight.
10. Some controversy surrounded the Duke and his political beliefs as he had made visits to Nazi Germany and had reportedly supported Hitler. Some people believe that his abdication was less for love and more to prevent a King with extreme political beliefs from taking the throne during a time of political crisis and impending war. He had also reportedly showed support for the unemployed and poor.

Germany — Jesse Owens

Jesse Owens wins 4 Gold medals on August 9th at the Summer Olympics in Berlin
More Information and Timeline for Jesse Owens
1. Jesse Owens was born in September 1913.
2. Jesse Owens ties one world record and breaks five world records in May of 1935 within forty-five minutes at the Big Ten Intercollegiate Championship.
3. The 1936 Summer Olympics were held in Berlin, Germany. Germany’s leader, Adolf Hitler, had hoped that the Germans would dominate the games and therefore back up his claims of racial superiority.
4. Jesse Owens, an African-American man, dominated the track and field events at the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Here is a break-down of his Olympic accomplishments in Berlin.
a. Gold Medal in the 100 meter race
b. Gold Medal in the 200 meter race
c. Gold Medal in the 4 x 100 meter race
d. Gold Medal in the long jump
e. Broke or equaled nine Olympic records
f. Broke or equaled three World records
5. Owens managed to defy Hitler’s racial claims and was thought of as a hero by those at the Berlin games and abroad.
6. While Owens was hailed as a hero by the people when he returned home to the United States, he still faced prejudice and discrimination in a racially segregated country. Owens was also denied recognition by US leaders and was effectively ignored by then President Roosevelt and his successor Truman.
7. Owens ended his athletic career after the Olympics in 1936. He died at the age of eighty from lung cancer.

UK — BBC First Public Television broadcasts
BBC starts the first public Television broadcasts in London
More Information and Timeline for BBC Television Broadcasts
1. The British Broadcasting Company is formed and the BBC begins to broadcast a regular daily radio service across the United Kingdom in 1922.
2. The British Broadcasting Company Ltd. is closed at the end of the year in 1926. Starting in 1927, the British Broadcasting Corporation is formed by Royal Charter.
3. The first television broadcasts were made by John Logie Baird using BBC transmitters and frequencies starting in 1929.
4. Simultaneous picture and sound television broadcasts began in 1930 with the opening of a second BBC radio transmitter.
5. By 1932, the BBC took over the responsibility of making television programs from Baird after they built a television studio.
6. Daily television transmissions continued until 1935 using Baird’s system.
7. In 1936, the BBC begins the world’s first regular “high-definition” television service in November, replacing Baird’s system.

United States — Rural Electrification Act
The Rural Electrification Act becomes law, bringing electricity to the more remote parts of the country.
More Information for the Rural Electrification Act
The Rural Electrification Act was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during May of 1936. The law provided low-cost loans to rural farmers to help them create cooperative electric power companies. The cooperatives would then bring electricity into homes in the rural regions of the United States. While electricity was quite common in U.S. cities during this time, much of rural America did not have access to it yet. Lawmakers believed that by bringing it to less densely populated areas the people living there would have an improved quality of life. The act revolutionized rural America by bringing more of the country into the modern world and equalizing the opportunities of urban and rural communities.

Germany — Hindenburg
The LZ 129 Hindenburg a German zeppelin is completed and takes it’s Maiden Flight In Germany
More Information for the Hindenburg first flight
The German airship “The Hindenburg” had its first public flight during March of 1936. It was launched from Friedrichshafen, Germany and the inaugural flight was used as a propaganda tool by Nazi Germany. The Hindenburg airship toured around Germany with the Graf Zeppelin airship for several days dropping leaflets asking the public to support the German occupation of the Rhineland, a violation of the Treaty of Versailles. The Hindenburg then became a commercial airship that was used to ferry passengers between the United States and Germany until it was famously destroyed when it burst into flames while attempting to land in New Jersey in 1937.

Spain – Francisco Franco becomes Head of State
The Spanish Civil War begins and Francisco Franco is named the Head of State.
On July 18th The Spanish Civil War begins
More Information for Spanish Civil War
General Francisco Franco was named the Head of State in Spain for the Nationalist government during October of 1936. The Spanish Civil War had started in July of 1936 when the rebel Nationalists, headed by Franco, began an armed uprising against the Republican government. The civil war continued for more than two years and Franco did not defeat the Republicans until March of 1939 when the Nationalists took Madrid and the civil war ended. General Francisco Franco continued to hold his position as the dictator of Spain until his death in 1975.

UK / Canada — Aviator Beryl Markham
Aviator Beryl Markham becomes the first woman to complete a non-stop transatlantic flight from East to West.
More Information for Beryl Markham
Aviator Beryl Markham becomes the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean from East to West during September of 1936. Markham was born in Britain but lived most of her life in Kenya. As a young woman she earned her pilot’s license and worked as a commercial pilot. In 1936 Markham set out from England in her Vega Gull plane on what would become the first non-stop solo transatlantic crossing from East to West by a female pilot and the first transatlantic crossing from East to West to leave from England. She flew for over twenty hours and was forced to stop at Cape Breton Island in Canada due to low fuel just short of her original intended destination in New York.

United Kingdom — Crystal Palace Fire
The Crystal Palace in London, England is destroyed in a huge fire on November 30th of 1936. The building�s manager Henry Buckland noticed a small fire during the night while walking his dog and called for help. Over 80 fire engines and 400 officers came to the scene but by the morning most of the building had been destroyed. The cause of the fire was unknown but was thought to be accidental. The historic glass and steel structure had been build in 1851 for the �Great Exhibition,� one of the first World�s Fairs. After the Exhibition the Crystal Palace was moved and turned into a park. It proved difficult to maintain due to its large size and by the 1910s it had fallen into disrepair.

United States — Gone With The Wind
The book Gone With The Wind is Published on June 30th.
More Information for Gone With the Wind.
In June of 1936, Margaret Mitchell’s epic novel “Gone With the Wind” is published in the United States. The book focused on the life of fictional Southern belle “Scarlett O’Hara” in Atlanta prior to the outbreak of the Civil War, during the war, and during reconstruction. The book soon became one of the best-selling novels in history, winning the Pulitzer Prize in 1937. Mitchell also faced criticism over her glorified portrayal of the Civil War and slave-owners in the South. By 1939 it had been made into a very popular, Academy award-winning, classic American movie.

United States — “The Phantom” comic strip
The first “The Phantom” comic strip is published.
More Information for The Phantom Comic Strip
“The Phantom” comic strip is published for the first time as a daily newspaper comic strip during February of 1936. Created by Lee Falk, the Phantom is considered a seminal character in the development of modern superhero characters. The Phantom is believed to be the first comic hero to wear a form-fitting costume with a mask that hides the hero’s pupils, both standard features of many modern hero characters. Falk wrote the comic up until his death in 1999 when it was taken over by several other writers. The story revolved around the “Phantom” who was a mysterious hero that dedicated himself to fighting injustice in the fictional African country of “Bangalla.” The comic is still being created today and over 2,000 issues have been published.

United States — Tornadoes strike Tupelo, Mississippi and Gainesville
Killer Tornadoes strike Tupelo, Mississippi and Gainesville, Georgia.
More Information for the Tupelo-Gainesville Tornado Outbreak
The Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak occurs during April of 1936 when several strong tornadoes spawned throughout the southern United States over four days. About seventeen tornadoes struck Arkansas, Kentucky, Alabama, South Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi, with Tupelo, MS and Gainesville, GA being hit by some of the strongest storms. The series of tornadoes devastated the region with over 450 total deaths and with estimates of up to 3,500 people injured. The cost of the damage was thought to be in the millions of dollars and the severity of the situation encouraged the country to develop more sophisticated tornado warning systems in the following years.

Calendar For The Year 1936
1936 Calendar

President Roosevelt is re-elected
President Roosevelt is re-elected for a second term

Crystal Palace Destroyed By Fire
The Crystal Palace Is Destroyed By Fire on November 30th

flying boat service
A new faster flying boat service starts between America and Britain

China / Japan War
Japanese Marines take control of the Shanghai district of China
Chiang Kai-Shek declares war on Japan

The Queen Mary
The Queen Mary leaves Southampton on her maiden voyage over the Atlantic

Tasmanian Tiger
The Tasmanian Tiger or Tasmanian Wolf became extinct

Mexico dictatorship
Following the depression worldwide dictatorships are established in Mexico, Bulgaria and Peru

Mussolini
Mussolini announces the official foundation of the New Roman Empire following the capture of Addis Ababa

Spitfire Fighter aircraft
The British Air Ministry orders 310 Spitfire Fighter aircraft

Treaty of Versailles
Germany Breaks Treaty of Versailles

Hoover Dam finished
( Boulder Dam )Hoover Dam finished and begins creating hydroelectric power

Winter Olympic Games
The Winter Olympic Games are held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

Popular Culture
The book Gone With The Wind is Published on June 30th
Billboard Magazine publishes the first pop music chart

Popular films

The Alamo
The Great Ziegfeld
The Charge of the Light Brigade
Follow the Fleet, starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers

Born This Year
Jim Henson September 24th
Winnie Mandela September 26th
David Carradine December 8th
Ursula Andress March 19th
Alan Alda Janaury 28th — Bronx, New York, United States
Glen Campbell April 22nd — Billstown, Arkansas, U.S.
Charlie Daniels October 28th — Wilmington, North Carolina, U.S.
Engelbert Humperdinck May 2nd — Madras, India
Glenda Jackson May 2nd — Birkenhead, Wirral, England
F. W. de Klerk March 18th — Johannesburg, South Africa
Kris Kristofferson June 22nd — Brownsville, Texas, U.S.
Michael Landon October 31st — Forest Hills, Queens, New York, U.S.
John McCain August 29th — Panama Canal Zone, Panama
Mary Tyler Moore December 29th — Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
Roy Orbison April 23rd — Vernon, Texas, U.S.
Robert Redford August 18th — Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Burt Reynolds February 11th — Lansing, Michigan, U.S.
Yves Saint Laurent August 1st — Oran, French Algeria

Technology

Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
France
Sunscreen Eugene Schueller a French Chemist invents the first Sunscreen, Eugene Schueller went on to founder the L’Oreal Line of Cosmetics.
Helicopter Germany by Heinrich Focke
Magnetic Recording USA audio tapes
Zippo Lighter USA Zippo Manufacturing

Major World Political Leaders
Australia — Prime Minister — Joseph Lyons —
Brazil — President — Get�lio Vargas —
Canada — Prime Minister — William Lyon Mackenzie King —
Germany — Chancellor — Adolf Hitler —
Italy — Prime Minister — Benito Mussolini —
Japan — Prime Minister — Keisuke Okada — Till 9 March
Japan — Prime Minister — Koki Hirota — From 9 March
Mexico — President — L�zaro C�rdenas —
Russia / Soviet Union — General Secretary of the Central Committee — Joseph Stalin —
South Africa — Prime Minister — James Barry Munnik Hertzog —
United States — President — Franklin D. Roosevelt —
United Kingdom — Prime Minister — Stanley Baldwin —
Political Elections

United States Presidential Election — 1936 — Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic) Defeats Alf Landon (Republican) and William Lemke (Union) —

What Happened In 1935

What happened in 1935 Major News Stories include Alcoholics Anonymous Formed, US Social Security Act signed into law, Gallup Poll introduced, Amelia Earhart flies solo across the Pacific, Parker Brothers release Monopoly, The Peoples car ( Volkswagen Beetle ) is launched in Germany, Persia is renamed as Iran, First Public Housing Project launched in New York
1935 The years of depression continued in 1935 with unemployment still running at 20.1% , and the war clouds were gathering as Germany began to rearm and passed the Nuremburg laws to strip Jews of their civil rights, and Mussolini’s Italy attacked Ethiopia. The Gallup Poll was introduced and a reformed drinker named Bill Wilson formed Alcoholics Anonymous on June 10th , also for the first time a completely synthetic fibre was produced called nylon by a Dupont chemist. Also this was the year of the birth of “Swing” by Benny Goodman and the world was ready to boogie. Persia is renamed to Iran.

How Much things cost in 1935
Average Cost of new house $3,450.00 Average wages per year $1,600.00
Cost of a gallon of Gas 10 cents
Average Cost for house rent $22.00 per month
A loaf of Bread 8 cents
A LB of Hamburger Meat 11 cents
Average New Car Price $625.00
Canada Dry Ginger Ale 20 Cents
Couple of House Price Examples from 1935
Mansfield, Ohio — Farm and House with 160 acres with brick built house barns and spring fed water $4,000
Lincoln, Nebraska — 6 room brick bungalow large lot double garage 3 bedrooms den and loft $6,000

* The Boulder (Hoover) Dam is completed.
More Information and Timeline for the Hoover Dam
1. The Reclamation Act is signed by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1902, it allows engineers to research how to control and use the Colorado River.
2. In 1920 , the US Congress passed the Kinkaid Act, which asked for the Secretary of the Interior to look into the problems of the Imperial Valley.
3. The Fall-Davis report is given to the US Congress and it recommends building a dam on the Colorado river near Boulder Canyon in 1922.
4. The Boulder Canyon Project Act is passed by Congress and signed by President Calvin Coolidge in December of 1928.
5. Herbert Hoover takes over negotiations about the proposed dam and it moves forward when an agreement is reached between the seven basin states in 1929.
6. In 1931 bids for construction of the dam are placed and Six Companies are awarded the contract of $48,890,995.
7. Construction begins in 1932 when the Colorado River is diverted around the construction site.
8. On June 6th, 1933, the first concrete is poured for the construction of the Hoover Dam.
9. On May 29th, 1935, the last concrete is poured at the Hoover Dam.
10. The Boulder (Hoover) Dam is dedicated on September 30th of 1935.
11. By 1947, the Boulder Dam is officially named the Hoover Dam.

* The Emergency Relief Appropriation Act on April 8th creates The WPA or Works Progress Administration to create millions of jobs
More Information and Timeline for the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act
1. The Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935 created the Works Progress Administration, one of the most well-known programs to come out of FDR’s New Deal.
2. The WPA was a work-relief program that employed people to build airports, roads, bridges, public buildings and public parks.
3. It was renamed the Works Projects Administration in 1939 and was decreased in size.
4. In 1943 the public program was ended because of WWII and a worker shortage.
5. Overall, it had offered employment to nearly 9 million people during its run and spent over eleven billion dollars.
6. The WPA employed both men and women and it also contributed to the arts in the USA by employing artists to create sculptures and mosaics that would decorate parks and public buildings.

* President Roosevelt signs the US Social Security Act on October 22nd Providing Unemployment compensation and pensions for the elderly.
More Information and Timeline for the Social Security Act
1. Several states begin enacting old-age pension laws and unemployment insurance throughout the early 1930s in the wake of the Great Depression.
2. The American Association for Old-Age Security becomes the American Association for Social Security in 1933, marking one of the first meaningful uses of the term “Social Security” in the United States.
3. The Committee on Economic Security is created by President Roosevelt in June of 1934. The committee was created with the intention of studying economic security problems and recommending legislation regarding those problems. The creation of this committee was FDR’s Executive Order Number 6757.
4. The Committee meets for the first time in August and the National Conference on Economic Security meets in November of 1934. The conference allows the public to discuss issues and needs. The Committee on Economic Security releases its report in January of 1935.
5. The Economic Security Bill is then introduced to the US Congress on January 17th of 1935. The Committee on Economic Security had recommended a Federal old-age insurance, unemployment insurance through the States, public health programs for women and children, and other general social welfare ideas.
6. The name of the Economic Security Bill was changed to the Social Security Bill in March and it was then re-introduced to the US House of Representatives in April, replacing the former bill.
7. On April 15th, 1935, the Social Security Act was passed in the House of Representatives. It was then passed by the US Senate on June 19th of 1935. It was signed by President Roosevelt on August 14th, 1935, becoming law.
8. Authority was given to create and assign Social Security numbers after the Department of the Treasury approved the decision in November of 1936.
9. The first taxes to contribute to Social Security were collected in 1937, the same year that the first one-time payments were made.
10. Originally, the Social Security program was meant to help with state welfare programs and a Federal old-age pension plan. The program has changed and varied throughout the years. It wasn’t until 1994 that the Social Security Administration became and independent agency.

* The Great Plains are struck by one of the worst Dust Storms in U.S. history during April.
More Information for the Black Sunday Dust Storm.
On April 14th of 1935 the Great Plains were struck by one of the worst dust storms in United States history. The storm would come to be known as “Black Sunday” as it passed across the region, further devastating farms and infrastructure already ravaged by the Dust Bowl. The day started calmly and the weather seemed clear and many local people spent the day outside and welcomed the day as a break from the constant dust storms of the previous month but by the afternoon the weather quickly changed and a massive black cloud swiftly made its way into the region. The storm caught many people off guard and they had to race against the storm to find shelter.

* Italy invades Ethiopia and the Second Italo-Ethiopian War begins in October.
More Information for the Second Italo-Ethiopian War.
The Second Italo-Ethiopian War begins during October of 1935 when Italy invades Ethiopia in an attempt by Mussolini to expand the Italian empire. The invasion of Ethiopia by Italy highlighted the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations. The League had been unable to forestall Italy’s attack and unable to agree on what actions to take against the belligerent nation. The League of Nations tried to sanction Italy for the conflict but the sanctions remained largely ineffective. The war ended in May of 1936 when Italian troops took the capital of Addis Ababa forcing the Ethiopian Emperor, Haile Selassie, into exile. Italy continued to occupy Ethiopia until World War II when the nation was liberated by Allied troops in 1941 and Selassie returned to power.

* Sir Malcolm Campbell breaks the 300 mph barrier to set a new land speed world record.
More Information for Malcolm Campbell Land Speed Record.
Sir Malcolm Campbell created a new land speed record in September of 1935. While making runs in his experimental car “Bluebird,” at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, Campbell broke the land speed record that he had previously set earlier in the year. The old record of 276.82 miles per hour was smashed as he reached 301.129 miles per hour. After completing this feat, Sir Malcolm Campbell announced he would retire from land speed racing as he had accomplished his goal of reaching 300 miles per hour. Campbell had held the world record nine times during his career.

* Starting in 1935 Your Hit Parade was an American Radio Show featuring the most popular and bestselling songs of the week
More Information and Timeline for the Your Hit Parade
1. 1935 Your Hit Parade began on NBC April 20th
2. The first number one song on the first episode was “Soon” by Bing Crosby
3. The show was known by many other names including “Hit Parade,” “The Hit Parade,” and the “The Lucky Strike Hit Parade” Lucky Strike
4. The show was a 1 hour show playing the 15 most popular songs from that week
The show ran on radio from 1935 to 1955 it was carried on both NBC and CBS over the years it changed to a countdown format , the show started on NBC television in 1950 and ran to 1959

* Amelia Earhart flies solo across the Pacific.
More Information and Timeline for Amelia Earhart.
1. The groundbreaking female aviator, Amelia Earhart, became the first person to fly solo across the Pacific ocean on January 11, 1935 as she traveled from Honolulu, Hawaii to Oakland, California.
2. This feat also made her the first person to have flown solo across both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
3. Earhart had began her flight career in 1921 and had set herself a goal of flying solo around the world.
4. Unfortunately, in 1937, as she was nearing completion of her goal, her plane was lost on its way to a small Pacific island and she was never found or seen again, and presumed dead.

* The first technicolor Mickey Mouse short film is released.
More Information and Timeline for Mickey Mouse appears in color for the first time.
The iconic character Mickey Mouse appears in an animated short in technicolor for the first time with the release of “The Band Concert” on February 23, 1935. The animated short film featured Mickey Mouse as he tried to conduct a concert of the William Tell Overture but is largely unsuccessful as he is continually interrupted by Donald Duck and other distractions. While the film is only a total of nine minutes long it is considered, by many modern animators, to be one of the greatest cartoon films ever made. Mickey Mouse creator Walt Disney produced the animated film, Clarence Nash voiced Donald Duck, and it was directed by Wilfred Jackson.

* The China Clipper makes the first Pacific Airmail delivery.
More Information for the China Clipper.
Pan-American Airway’s China Clipper, a Martin M-130 flying boat, went on the first United States Trans-Pacific airmail delivery flight during November of 1935. The plane, piloted by Edwin Musick, left from Alameda, California and landed in Manilla, Philippines, its final destination, after seven days of travel. The first Trans-Pacific airmail service successfully delivered 110,000 pieces of mail and after its first delivery the China Clipper picked up mail intended for the United States and returned home another seven days later with the commercial seaplane having successfully completed the full trip.

* The Looney Tunes character of “Porky Pig” was first introduced.
More Information for Porky Pig and Looney Tunes.
In March of 1935, the popular Looney Tunes character “Porky Pig” made his first appearance in an animated short called “I Haven’t Got a Hat.” The character was designed by the animator Bob Clampett and was originally voiced by Joe Dougherty who was then replaced by Mel Blanc in 1937. Porky Pig was the first widely popular Looney Tunes character to be created by Warner Brothers and was recognized by his signature comedic stutter and shy demeanor. Not too long after Porky’s debut, they introduced his comedic foil with the creation of Daffy Duck in 1937 and by 1940 their newest character, Bugs Bunny, became the star of the show.

* FDR signs the 1935 Neutrality Act into law, preventing the U.S. exportation of war related items to nations at war.
More Information for the 1935 Neutrality Act.
United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Neutrality Act of 1935 into law during the month of August. The Neutrality Act stopped the exportation of war items like arms and ammunition from the United States to nations at war. The act was born out of the desire to keep the United States out of any impending European conflicts. A wave of Fascism had begun sweeping over Europe as several dictators took power and started to gear up for war. American citizens were afraid of becoming involved in these conflicts as the devastating costs of World War I were still in the public’s mind. The president had initially opposed the Neutrality Act but eventually bent to the will of the people in support of taking these, ultimately useless, steps.

* Penguin produce the first paperback books.
More Information for Penguin Paperbacks.
In July of 1935, Penguin releases their first paperback books, revolutionizing the publishing industry by bringing affordable books to the English-reading masses. The Penguin publishing company was created in England by Allen Lane who had been previously working for the publishing company “The Bodley Head.” He had wanted to create affordable and easily accessible versions of contemporary literature after having been disappointed by the selection of available affordable non-fiction and fiction works at the time. During July of 1935 the company released their first ten paperbacks and within a year they had sold over one million books in England.

* Babe Ruth hit the 714th and final home run of his career.
More Information for Babe Ruth retires from baseball.
1. George Herman Ruth Jr. Began playing professional baseball at the age of 19 when he was signed to the Baltimore Orioles in 1914.
2. He was soon sold to the Boston Red Sox where he began to develop into a star player until he was traded to the New York Yankees in 1919.
3. Ruth remained with the Yankees until 1934 where he dominated the game, helping the team win four World Series and seven Pennants.
4. Legendary baseball player Babe Ruth retired from the sport in June of 1935.
5. He spent his final season with the Boston Braves and upon his retirement held a 714 home run record that was broken by Hank Aaron in 1974, nearly forty years after it was set.

* 1,200,000 people face starvation in Illinois due to lack of funding.

* First Public Housing Project launched in New York

* Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan – 26,000 dead

* First Orange Bowl

* The Luftwaffe is created as Germany’s air force and Germany announces rearmament in violation of the Versailles Treaty.

* Persia is renamed as Iran

* Compulsory Driving Test is introduced in England on June 1st

* The great Labor Day Category 5 Hurricane with winds approaching 185 mph strikes Florida Keys on September 2nd

* Sir Malcolm Campbell breaks the 300 mph barrier to set a new land speed world record

* The China Clipper makes the first Pacific Airmail delivery

* President Roosevelt Revenue Act often referred to as the Wealth Tax Act begins

* Alcoholics Anonymous is founded on June 10th in New York City
* First Canned beer goes on sale
* Babe Ruth hit the 714th and final home run of his career
* Parker Brothers releases the board game Monopoly
* Porgy and Bess opens in New York
* Penguin produce the first paperback books

Jerry Lee Lewis September 29th
Julie Andrews October 1st
Luciano Pavarotti October 12th
Gary Player November 1st
Woody Allen December 1st — Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
Sonny Bono February 16th — Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Dalai Lama 14thJuly 6th — Taktser, Amdo, Tibet
Elvis Presley January 8th — Tupelo, Mississippi, United States
Donald Sutherland July 17th — Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
Gene Vincent February 11th — Norfolk, Virginia, United States

Technology
Germany
* The Peoples car ( Volkswagen Beetle ) is launched in Germany
UK
* First Experimental Radar is developed in UK
U.S.
* GE Starts selling the first Fluorescent Tube for light
Japan
* On July 19th the First Parking Meters in Oklahoma City designed by Carl C Magee
U.S.A. Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
* Toyota Cars are launched in Japan
Radar (for Aircraft) Scotland by Robert Watson-Watt )
Helicopter USA by Igor I. Sikorsky )

Major World Political Leaders
Australia — Prime Minister — Joseph Lyons —
Brazil — President — Getlio Vargas —
Canada — Prime Minister — Richard Bedford Bennett — till October 23,
Canada — Prime Minister — William Lyon Mackenzie King — From October 23,
Germany — Chancellor — Adolf Hitler —
Italy — Prime Minister — Benito Mussolini —
Japan — Prime Minister — Keisuke Okada —
Mexico — President — Lzaro Crdenas —
Russia / Soviet Union — General Secretary of the Central Committee — Joseph Stalin —
South Africa — Prime Minister — James Barry Munnik Hertzog —
United States — President — Franklin D. Roosevelt —
United Kingdom — Prime Minister — Ramsay MacDonald — Till 7 June
United Kingdom — Prime Minister — Stanley Baldwin — From 7 June
Political Elections

British General Election — 1935 — Stanley Baldwin ( Conservative ) defeats Clement Attlee ( Labour ) and Sir Herbert Samuel ( Liberal ) —
Following the outbreak of World War II General Elections are suspended and the next elections are not held until 1945 —

Canadian Federal Election — 1935 — William Lyon Mackenzie King ( Liberal ) defeats Richard Bennett ( Conservative ). —

1935

1935 in the United States

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48 stars (1912–59)
Timeline of United States history
History of the United States (1918–45)

Events from the year 1935 in the United States.

Incumbents

Federal Government
President: Franklin D. Roosevelt (D-New York)
Vice President: John Nance Garner (D-Texas)
Chief Justice: Charles Evans Hughes (New York)
Speaker of the House of Representatives: Joseph W. Byrns, Sr. (D-Tennessee)
Senate Majority Leader: Joseph Taylor Robinson (D-Arkansas)
Congress: 73rd (until January 3), 74th (starting January 3)
Governors and Lieutenant Governors
Governors
Governor of Alabama: Benjamin M. Miller (Democratic) (until January 14), Bibb Graves (Democratic) (starting January 14)
Governor of Arizona: Benjamin Baker Moeur (Democratic)
Governor of Arkansas: Junius Marion Futrell (Democratic)
Governor of California: Frank Merriam (Republican)
Governor of Colorado: Edwin C. Johnson (Democratic)
Governor of Connecticut: Wilbur Lucius Cross (Democratic)
Governor of Delaware: C. Douglass Buck (Republican)
Governor of Florida: David Sholtz (Democratic)
Governor of Georgia: Eugene Talmadge (Democratic)
Governor of Idaho: C. Ben Ross (Democratic)
Governor of Illinois: Henry Horner (Democratic)
Governor of Indiana: Paul V. McNutt (Democratic)
Governor of Iowa: Clyde L. Herring (Democratic)
Governor of Kansas: Alfred M. Landon (Republican)
Governor of Kentucky: Ruby Laffoon (Democratic) (until December 10), Happy Chandler (Democratic) (starting December 10)
Governor of Louisiana: Oscar K. Allen (Democratic)
Governor of Maine: Louis J. Brann (Democratic)
Governor of Maryland: Albert C. Ritchie (Democratic) (until January 9), Harry W. Nice (Republican) (starting January 9)
Governor of Massachusetts: Joseph B. Ely (Democratic) (until January 3), James Michael Curley (Democratic) (starting January 3)
Governor of Michigan: William Comstock (Democratic) (until January 1), Frank Fitzgerald (Republican) (starting January 1)
Governor of Minnesota: Floyd B. Olson (Farmer–Labor)
Governor of Mississippi: Martin Sennett Conner (Democratic)
Governor of Missouri: Guy Brasfield Park (Democratic)
Governor of Montana: Frank Henry Cooney (Democratic) (until December 15), Elmer Holt (Democratic) (starting December 15)
Governor of Nebraska: Charles W. Bryan (Democratic) (until January 3), Robert Leroy Cochran (Democratic) (starting January 3)
Governor of Nevada: Morley Griswold (Republican) (until January 7), Richard Kirman, Sr. (Democratic) (starting January 7)
Governor of New Hampshire: John Gilbert Winant (Republican) (until January 3), Styles Bridges (Republican) (starting January 3)
Governor of New Jersey:
until January 3: A. Harry Moore (Democratic)
January 3-January 8: Clifford Ross Powell (Republican)
starting January 8: Harold G. Hoffman (Republican)
Governor of New Mexico: Andrew W. Hockenhull (Democratic) (until January 1), Clyde Tingley (Democratic) (starting January 1)
Governor of New York: Herbert H. Lehman (Democratic)
Governor of North Carolina: John C. B. Ehringhaus (Democratic)
Governor of North Dakota:
until January 7: Ole H. Olson (Republican)
January 7-February 2: Thomas H. Moodie (Democratic)
starting February 2: Walter Welford (Republican)
Governor of Ohio: George White (Democratic) (until January 14), Martin L. Davey (Democratic) (starting January 14)
Governor of Oklahoma: William H. Murray (Democratic) (until January 14), Ernest W. Marland (Democratic) (starting January 14)
Governor of Oregon: Julius L. Meier (Independent) (until January 14), Charles H. Martin (Democratic) (starting January 14)
Governor of Pennsylvania: Gifford Pinchot (Republican) (until January 15), George Howard Earle III (Democratic) (starting January 15)
Governor of Rhode Island: Theodore Francis Green (Democratic)
Governor of South Carolina: Ibra Charles Blackwood (Democratic) (until January 15), Olin D. Johnston (Democratic) (starting January 15)
Governor of South Dakota: Tom Berry (Democratic)
Governor of Tennessee: Harry Hill McAlister (Democratic)
Governor of Texas: Miriam A. Ferguson (Democratic) (until January 15), James Allred (Democratic) (starting January 15)
Governor of Utah: Henry H. Blood (Democratic)
Governor of Vermont: Stanley C. Wilson (Republican) (until January 10), Charles M. Smith (Republican) (starting January 10)
Governor of Virginia: George C. Peery (Democratic)
Governor of Washington: Clarence D. Martin (Democratic)
Governor of West Virginia: Herman G. Kump (Democratic)
Governor of Wisconsin: Albert G. Schmedeman (Democratic) (until January 7), Philip La Follette (Wisconsin Progressive) (starting January 7)
Governor of Wyoming: Leslie A. Miller (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governors
Lieutenant Governor of Alabama: Hugh D. Merrill (Democratic) (until January 14), Thomas E. Knight (Democratic) (starting January 14)
Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas: William Lee Cazort (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of California: vacant (starting January 8), George J. Hatfield (Republican) (starting January 8)
Lieutenant Governor of Colorado: Raymond Herbert Talbot (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut: Roy C. Wilcox (Republican) (starting month and day unknown), T. Frank Hayes (Democratic) (starting month and day unknown)
Lieutenant Governor of Delaware: Roy F. Corley (Republican)
Lieutenant Governor of Idaho: George E. Hill (Democratic) (until January 7), G. P. Mix (Democratic) (starting January 7)
Lieutenant Governor of Illinois: Thomas Donovan (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of Indiana: M. Clifford Townsend (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of Iowa: Nelson G. Kraschel (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of Kansas: Charles W. Thompson (Republican)
Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky: Happy Chandler (Democratic) (until December 10), Keen Johnson (Democratic) (starting December 10)
Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana:
until month and day unknown: John B. Fournet (Democratic)
month and day unknown: Thomas C. Wingate (Democratic)
starting month and day unknown: James A. Noe (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts: Gaspar G. Bacon (Republican) (until January 3), Joseph L. Hurley (Democratic) (starting January 3)
Lieutenant Governor of Michigan: Allen E. Stebbins (Democratic) (until month and day unknown), Thomas Read (Republican) (starting month and day unknown)
Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota: Konrad K. Solberg (Farmer Labor) (until January 8), Hjalmar Petersen (Farmer Labor) (starting January 8)
Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi: Dennis Murphree (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of Missouri: Frank Gaines Harris (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of Montana: Elmer Holt (political party unknown) (until month and day unknown), William P. Pilgeram (political party unknown) (starting month and day unknown)
Lieutenant Governor of Nebraska: Walter H. Jurgensen (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of Nevada: vacant (until month and day unknown), Fred S. Alward (political party unknown) (starting month and day unknown)
Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico: vacant (until January 1), Louis Cabeza de Baca (Democratic) (starting January 1)
Lieutenant Governor of New York: M. William Bray (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina: Alexander H. Graham (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota:
until January 2: vacant
January 2-February 7: Walter Welford (Republican)
starting February 7: vacant
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio: Charles W. Sawyer (Democratic) (until January 14), Harold G. Mosier (Democratic) (starting January 14)
Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma: Robert Burns (Democratic) (until month and day unknown), James E. Berry (Democratic) (starting month and day unknown)
Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania: Edward C. Shannon (Republican) (until January 15), Thomas Kennedy (Democratic) (starting January 15)
Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island: Robert E. Quinn (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina: Joseph Emile Harley (Democratic) (until January 15), Joseph Emile Harley (Democratic) (starting January 15)
Lieutenant Governor of South Dakota: Hans Ustrud (Democratic) (until month and day unknown), Robert Peterson (Democratic) (starting month and day unknown)
Lieutenant Governor of Tennessee: Albert F. Officer (Democratic) (until month and day unknown), William P. Moss (Democratic) (starting month and day unknown)
Lieutenant Governor of Texas: Edgar E. Witt (Democratic) (until January 15), Walter Frank Woodul (Democratic) (starting January 15)
Lieutenant Governor of Vermont: Charles M. Smith (Republican) (until January 10), George D. Aiken (Republican) (starting January 10)
Lieutenant Governor of Virginia: James H. Price (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of Washington: Victor A. Meyers (Democratic)
Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin: Thomas J. O’Malley (Democratic)
Events

January–March
January 3 – The trial of Richard Hauptmann, accused of the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., begins in Flemington, New Jersey.
January 11 – Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to New York.
January 16 – The FBI kills the Barker Gang, including Ma Barker, in a shootout.
February 13 – Richard Hauptmann is convicted and sentenced to death for the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr.
February 22 – Airplanes are banned from flying over the White House.
March 2 – Porky Pig makes his debut in Looney Tunes’s I Haven’t Got a Hat.
April–June
April 14 – Dust Bowl: The great Black Sunday dust storm (made famous by Woody Guthrie in his “dust bowl ballads”) hits hardest in eastern New Mexico and Colorado, and western Oklahoma.
April 16 – Fibber McGee and Molly debuts on NBC Radio.
May 6 – New Deal: Executive Order 7034 creates the Works Progress Administration (WPA).
May 24 – The first nighttime Major League Baseball game is played between the Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia Phillies at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.
May 27 – Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States (the “Sick Chicken Case”): The Supreme Court of the United States declares that the National Industrial Recovery Act, a major component of the New Deal, is unconstitutional.
May 30 – Eventual Baseball Hall of Famer Babe Ruth appears in his last career game, playing for the Boston Braves in Philadelphia against the Phillies.
June – National Youth Administration established.
June 10 – Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio by Bill W. (William G. Wilson) and Dr. Dr. Bob (Smith).
June 12–13 – Senator Huey Long of Louisiana makes the longest speech on Senate record, taking 15½ hours and containing 150,000 words.
June 13 – James J. Braddock defeats Max Baer at Madison Square Garden Bowl in New York City to win the heavyweight boxing championship of the world.
July–September
July 5 – The National Labor Relations Act becomes law.
July 16 – The world’s first parking meters are installed in Oklahoma City.
July 16 – Deportivo Saprissa is founded by Roberto Fernández in his shoe store in El Barrio Los Angeles in San José, Costa Rica.
July 24 – The Dust Bowl heat wave reaches its peak, sending temperatures in Chicago to a record-high 109 °F (43 °C)
July 27 – Federal Writers’ Project is established in the United States.
August 5 – The Leo Burnett Advertising Agency opens in Chicago, Illinois.
August 14 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act into law.
August 15 – Humorist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post are killed when Post’s plane crashes shortly after takeoff near Barrow, Alaska.
August 31 – As part of United States non-interventionism in the face of growing tensions in Europe, the first of the Neutrality Acts of 1930s is passed.
September 2 – Labor Day Hurricane of 1935: The strongest hurricane ever to strike the United States makes landfall in the Upper Florida Keys killing 423. It is rated as a Category 5 storm with 185 mph winds.
September 8
Carl Weiss fatally wounds Huey Long, U.S. Senator from Louisiana (“The Kingfish”), in a shooting at the Louisiana Capitol Building in Baton Rouge.
Busby Berkeley involved in three-car accident which kills three people and injures five, leading to charges of second-degree murder.
September 24 – Earl W. Bascom and his brother Weldon produce the first night rodeo held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi.
September 30 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates Hoover Dam.
October–December
November 15 – Historical Records Survey begins under the Works Progress Administration.[3]
November 22 – The China Clipper takes off from Alameda, California to deliver the first airmail cargo across the Pacific Ocean; the aircraft reaches its destination, Manila, and delivers over 110,000 pieces of mail.
November 30 – The British-made film Scrooge, the first all-talking film version of Charles Dickens’ classic A Christmas Carol, opens in the U.S. after its British release. Seymour Hicks plays Scrooge, a role he has played onstage hundreds of times. The film is criticized by some for not showing all of the ghosts physically, and quickly fades into obscurity. Widespread interest does not surface until the film is shown on television in the 1980s, in very shabby-looking prints. It is eventually restored on DVD.
December 5 – Mary McLeod Bethune founds the National Council of Negro Women.
December 9 – Newspaper editor Walter Liggett is killed in a gangland murder plot in Minneapolis.
December 17 – Douglas DST, prototype of the Douglas DC-3 airliner, first flies. More than 16,000 of the model will eventually be produced.
Undated
The house Fallingwater in southwestern Pennsylvania, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, is completed.
4 million members of trade unions in the U.S.
Ongoing
Lochner era (c. 1897–c. 1937)
Dust Bowl (1930–1936)
New Deal (1933–1938)
Births

January 4 – Floyd Patterson, African-American heavyweight boxer (died 2006)
January 7 – Kenny Davern, jazz clarinetist (died 2006)
January 8 – Elvis Presley, rock & roll singer and spouse of actress Priscilla Wagner (died 1977) and his twin Jesse Garon Presley (died this day)
January 9
Bob Denver, television comedy actor (died 2005)
Earl G. Graves, Sr. African-American publisher
January 10
Ronnie Hawkins, rockabilly musician
Sherrill Milnes, baritone
January 12 – The Amazing Kreskin, mentalist
January 20 – Joan Weston, roller derby racer (died 1997)
January 25 – Conrad Burns, U.S. Senator from Montana from 1989 to 2007
January 25 – Steve Demeter, baseball player, coach and manager (died 2013)
January 29 – Roger Payne, zoologist
January 30 – Richard Brautigan, writer (died 1984)
February 4 – Collin Wilcox, actress (died 2009)
February 7 – Herb Kohl, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin from 1989 to 2013
February 10 – John Alcorn, illustrator (died 1992)
February 15 – Roger B. Chaffee, astronaut (died in accident 1967)
February 17 – Sara Ruddick, born Sara Loop, feminist philosopher (died 2011)
March 31 – Judith Rossner, novelist (died 2005)
April 21 – Charles Grodin, actor, comedian, author and cable talk show host
December 14 – Sarah Daniels, pornstar, actor, author of “How to please yourself” (died 1969)
May 12
Hoss Ellington, race car driver (died 2014)
Gary Peacock, bassist and composer
May 27 – Lee Meriwether, actress
June 22 – Floyd Norman, animator
June 24
Ron Kramer, National Football League tight end (died 2010)
Terry Riley, minimalist composer
July 3 – Harrison Schmitt, U.S. Senator from New Mexico from 1977 to 1983
July 16 – Gloria Tanner, African-American Colorado state senator from 1994 to 2000
July 17 – Peter Schickele, composer and classical musical parodist
August 2 – Hank Cochran, country music singer/songwriter (died 2010)
August 22 – E. Annie Proulx, novelist
September 16 – Carl Andre, minimalist artist
September 19 – Bob Krueger, U.S. Senator from Texas in 1993
September 29 – Jerry Lee Lewis, rock & roll musician
September 30
Z. Z. Hill, blues singer (died 1984)
Johnny Mathis, African-American singer
October 1 – Walter De Maria, minimalist, conceptual artist and land artist (died 2013)
October 11 – Daniel Quinn, writer
October 20 – Jerry Orbach, musical theatre actor (died 2004)
October 26 – Ora Mendelsohn Rosen, biomedical researcher (died 1990)
November 15 – Elizabeth Drew, journalist and author
November 27 – Pat Fordice, First Lady of Mississippi from 1992 to 2000 (died 2007)
November 29
Diane Ladd, actress
Thomas J. O’Brien, Roman Catholic bishop, convicted of felony
December 1 – Woody Allen, born Allan Konigsberg, film director and comedian
December 2 – David Hackett Fischer, historian, author and academic
December 5 – Calvin Trillin, writer
December 20 – William Julius Wilson, sociologist and academic
December 30 – Sandy Koufax, baseball player
Deaths

January 8 – Jesse Garon Presley, twin of Elvis Presley (born this day)
January 16
Ma Barker, criminal, leader of the Barker gang (born 1873; shot)
Fred Barker, son of Ma Barker and a member of the Barker-Karpis gang (died 1901; shot)
January 19 – Lloyd Hamilton, silent film comedian (born 1899)
April 2 – Bennie Moten, jazz pianist (born 1894)
April 3 – Richard Hauptmann, carpenter convicted of murder (born 1899 in Germany; executed)
April 6 – Edwin Arlington Robinson, poet (born 1869)
April 8 – Adolph Ochs, newspaper publisher (born 1858)
April 11 – Anna Katharine Green, crime fiction writer (born 1846)
March 6 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., U.S. Supreme Court Justice (born 1841)
March 12 – Mihajlo Pupin, physicist (born 1858 in Serbia)
March 23 – Florence Moore, vaudeville and silent film actress (born 1886)
May 3 – Jessie Willcox Smith, illustrator (born 1863)
May 4 – automobile accident
Junior Durkin, actor (born 1915)
Robert J. Horner, film producer and director (born 1894)
May 11 – Edward Herbert Thompson, archaeologist of the Maya civilization (born 1857)
May 13 – John S. Cohen, U.S. Senator from Georgia from 1932 to 1933 (born 1870)
May 19 – Charles Martin Loeffler, violinist and composer (born 1861 in Germany)
May 21 – Jane Addams, social worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (born 1860)
July 7 – George Keller, architect (born 1842)
August 5 – David Townsend, art director (born 1891)
August 15 – aviation accident
Wiley Post, aviator (born 1898)
Will Rogers, humorist and actor (born 1879)
August 20 – Edith Roberts, silent film actress (born 1899)
August 25 – Mack Swain, vaudeville actor (born 1876)
August 27 – Childe Hassam, impressionist painter (born 1859)
September 10 – Huey Long, politician (born 1893; shot)
September 11 – Charles Norris, medical examiner (born 1867)
September 18 – Alice Dunbar Nelson, born Alice Moore, African-American writer and activist (born 1875)
September 23 – DeWolf Hopper, actor and comedian (born 1858)
October 7 – Francis Wilson, stage actor and comedian (born 1854)
October 18 – Gaston Lachaise, sculptor (born 1882 in France)
October 22 – Tommy Tucker, baseball pioneer (born 1863)
October 23
Charles Demuth, painter (born 1883)
Dutch Schultz, gangster (born 1902; shot)
November 6 – Henry Fairfield Osborn, paleontologist (born 1857)
November 27 – Charlie Green, jazz trombonist (born c. 1895)
December 2 – James Henry Breasted, Egyptologist (born 1865)
December 9 – Walter Liggett, newspaper editor (born 1886; shot)
December 14 – Stanley G. Weinbaum, science-fiction author (born 1902; lung cancer)
December 16 – Thelma Todd, comedy film actress (born 1906; carbon monoxide poisoning)
December 17 – Lizette Woodworth Reese, poet (born 1856)
December 28 – Clarence Day, writer (born 1874)
December 30 – Hunter Liggett, general (born 1857)

Redd Foxx

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Foxx in 1966.
Birth name John Elroy Sanford
Born December 9, 1922
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Died October 11, 1991 (aged 68)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Medium Stand-up, television
Nationality American
Years active 1935–1991
Genres Word play, observational comedy, black comedy, blue comedy
Subjects African-American culture, human sexuality, race relations, everyday life
Spouse Evelyn Killebrew (1948–1951) (divorced)
Betty Jean Harris (1956–1975) (divorced)
Yun Chi Chung (1976–1981) (divorced)
Ka Ho Cho (1991) (his death)
Notable works and roles Fred Sanford in Sanford and Son and Sanford
Website reddfoxx.com
John Elroy Sanford (December 9, 1922 – October 11, 1991), known professionally as Redd Foxx, was an American comedian and actor, best remembered for his explicit comedy records and his starring role on the 1970s sitcom Sanford and Son.

Foxx gained notoriety with his raunchy nightclub acts during the 1950s and 1960s. Known as the “King of the Party Records”, he performed on more than 50 records in his lifetime. He also starred in Sanford, The Redd Foxx Show and The Royal Family. His film roles included All the Fine Young Cannibals (1960) and Harlem Nights (1989).

In 2004, Comedy Central Presents: 100 Greatest Stand-ups of All Time ranked Foxx as the 24th best stand-up comedian. Foxx not only influenced many comedians, but was often portrayed in popular culture as well, mainly as a result of his famous catchphrases, body language and facial expressions exhibited on Sanford and Son.
Early life

Foxx was born in St. Louis, Missouri and raised on Chicago’s South Side. His father, Fred Sanford, an electrician and auto mechanic from Hickman, Kentucky, left his family when Foxx was four years old. He was raised by his half-Seminole Indian mother, Mary Hughes from Ellisville, Mississippi, his grandmother and his minister. He attended DuSable High School with future Chicago mayor Harold Washington. Foxx had an older brother, Fred G. Sanford Jr., who provided the name for his character on Sanford and Son.

On July 27, 1939, Foxx performed on the Major Bowes Amateur Hour radio show as part of the Jump Swinging Six.

In the 1940s, he was an associate of Malcolm Little, later known as Malcolm X. In Malcolm’s autobiography, Foxx is referred to as “Chicago Red, the funniest dishwasher on this earth.” He earned the nickname because of his reddish hair and complexion. His surname was taken from baseball star Jimmie Foxx.

During World War II, Foxx dodged the draft by eating half a bar of soap before his physical, a trick that resulted in heart palpitations.

On September 30, 1946, Foxx recorded five songs for the Savoy label under the direction of Teddy Reig.

 

Career

Nightclub act
Foxx gained notoriety with his raunchy nightclub act during the 1950s, 60s, and 70s. His big break came after singer Dinah Washington insisted that he come to Los Angeles, where Dootsie Williams of Dootone records caught his act at the Brass Rail nightclub. Foxx was signed to a long-term contract and released a series of comedy albums that quickly became cult favorites.

Known as the “King of the party records,” Foxx performed on over 50 records in his lifetime.

He was also one of the first black comics to play to white audiences on the Las Vegas Strip. He used his starring role on Sanford and Son to help get jobs for his acquaintances such as LaWanda Page, Slappy White, Gregory Sierra, Don Bexley, Beah Richards, Stymie Beard, Leroy Daniels, Ernest Mayhand and Noriyuki “Pat” Morita.

 

Sanford and Son

Foxx achieved his most widespread fame starring in the television sitcom Sanford and Son, an adaptation of the BBC series Steptoe and Son. The series premiered on the NBC television network on January 14, 1972 and was broadcast for six seasons. The final episode aired on March 25, 1977.

Foxx played the role of Fred G. Sanford (“Fred Sanford” was actually Foxx’s father’s name), while Foxx’s co-star Demond Wilson played the role of his son Lamont. In this sitcom, Fred and Lamont were owners of a junk/salvage store who dealt with many humorous situations that would arise. The series was notable for its racial humor and overt prejudices which helped redefine the genre of black situation comedy.

The show also had several running gags. When angry with Lamont, Fred would often say “You big dummy” or would often fake heart attacks by putting his hand on his chest and saying (usually while looking up at the sky) “It’s the big one, I’m coming to join ya honey/Elizabeth” (referring to his late wife Elizabeth). Fred would also complain about having arthritis to get out of working by showing Lamont his cramped hand. Foxx depicted a character in his 70s, although in real life he was younger.

Post-Sanford and Son career

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Photo of Redd Foxx in 1977.
In 1977, Foxx left Sanford and Son, after six seasons (the show was canceled with his departure) to star in a short-lived ABC variety show. By 1980 he was back playing Fred G. Sanford in a brief revival/spin-off, Sanford. In 1986, he returned to television in the ABC series The Redd Foxx Show, which was cancelled after 12 episodes because of low ratings.

Foxx appeared as an Obi-Wan Kenobi-like character in the Star Wars special of the Donny & Marie (1976 TV series) show. In an homage to his show, he mentioned the planet Sanford, which has no sun.

Foxx made a comeback with the series The Royal Family, in which he co-starred with Della Reese.

Harlem Nights was Foxx’s last film before his death and starred Richard Pryor and Eddie Murphy.

 

Personal life

Marriages
Redd Foxx was married four times. His first marriage was to Evelyn Killebrew in 1948 and ended in divorce in 1951.

His second marriage in 1956 was to Betty Jean Harris, a showgirl and dancer, who was a colleague of LaWanda Page (later to be Foxx’s TV rival Aunt Esther on Sanford and Son). Foxx adopted Harris’s nine-year-old daughter Debraca, who assumed the surname “Foxx”. This marriage ended in divorce in 1975.

Foxx next wed Korean-American Yun Chi Chung in 1976, but the marriage ended in 1981.

At the time of his death, Foxx was married to Ka Ho Cho, who used the name Ka Ho Foxx.

 

Financial and tax problems
According to People Magazine, “Foxx reportedly once earned $4 million in a single year, but depleted his fortune with a lavish lifestyle, exacerbated by what he called ‘very bad management.'” Contributing to his problems was a 1981 divorce settlement of $300,000 paid to his third wife. In 1983 he filed for bankruptcy, with proceedings continued at least through 1989.

The IRS filed tax liens against Redd Foxx’s property for income taxes he owed for the years 1983 through 1986 totaling $755,166.21. On November 28, 1989, the IRS seized his home in Las Vegas and seven vehicles (including a 1927 Model T, a 1975 Panther J72, a 1983 Zimmer, and a Vespa motor scooter) to pay the taxes which by then had grown to $996,630, including penalties and interest. Agents also seized “$12,769 in cash and a dozen guns, including a semiautomatic pistol,” among some 300 items in total, reportedly leaving only Foxx’s bed. Foxx stated that the IRS “took my necklace and the ID bracelet off my wrist and the money out of my pocket . . . I was treated like I wasn’t human at all.”

It has been reported that, at the time of his death in 1991, Foxx owed more than $3.6 million in taxes.

 

Death

On October 11, 1991, during a break from rehearsals for The Royal Family, he suffered a heart attack on the set. According to Della Reese, Foxx was about to have an interview with Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous; when she leaned down to Foxx as he was on the ground, Foxx said, “Get my wife” repeatedly. According to Joshua Rich at Entertainment Weekly, “It was an end so ironic that for a brief moment cast mates figured Foxx — whose 70s TV character often faked heart attacks — was kidding when he grabbed a chair and fell to the floor.” Foxx was taken to Queen Of Angels Hollywood Presbyterian Medical Center, where he died that evening at the age of 68.

Foxx was posthumously given a star on the St. Louis Walk of Fame on May 17, 1992.

Foxx is buried in Las Vegas, at Palm Valley View Memorial Park. His mother, Mary Carson (1899–1993), outlived Foxx and died two years later, in 1993. She was buried just to the right of her famed son.

 

Influence

Comedian Chris Rock cites Redd Foxx as an influence. An episode of his show Everybody Hates Chris shows young Chris Rock overhearing his parents’ Redd Foxx albums and getting started doing stand-up through retelling the jokes at school.

Comedian and actor Richard Pryor also cited Redd Foxx as an influence. Pryor appeared onscreen with Foxx, in Eddie Murphy’s Harlem Nights.

 

Portrayals of Foxx in popular media

In the first season of In Living Color, in reference to Foxx’s financial troubles, Foxx was portrayed by Damon Wayans, who is making a public service announcement to encourage people to pay their taxes.

In the film Why Do Fools Fall in Love, Foxx is portrayed by Aries Spears. He is shown performing a stand-up comedy routine.

In the animated television series Family Guy parody of Star Wars episode “Blue Harvest”, Redd Foxx appears very briefly as an X-wing pilot. When his ship is shot down, he cries “I’m coming Elizabeth!” before dying. In addition to this, he has been parodied on Family Guy by Francis Griffin acting as Foxx’s Sanford and Son character.

Foxx was meant to be featured in the MTV show Celebrity Deathmatch, advertised as taking on Jamie Foxx in the episode “When Animals Attack”. Instead of Redd Foxx though, Jamie Foxx fought Ray Charles.

In the Boondocks episode “Stinkmeaner 3: The Hateocracy” he is portrayed as Lord Rufus Crabmiser, one of Stinkmeaner’s old friends coming to kill the Freeman family. Childhood friend and Sanford & Son co-star Lawanda Page is also portrayed in the same episode as Lady Esmeralda Gripenasty.

Redd Foxx appears as a minor character in the 2009 James Ellroy novel Blood’s a Rover. He gives a bawdy eulogy at the wake of Scotty Bennett, a murdered rogue LAPD detective including the line “Scotty Bennett was fucking a porcupine. I gots to tell you motherfuckers that it was a female porcupine, so I don’t see nothing perverted in it.”

In the 1999 film Foolish starring comedian Eddie Griffin and rapper Master P, the ghost of Redd Foxx gives Griffin’s character advice from behind a stall door in a men’s restroom at a comedy club before he goes onstage to perform a show.

In 2015, it was said that comedian Tracy Morgan would portray Redd Foxx in a Richard Pryor biopic starring opposite comedian Mike Epps .

 

Filmography

All the Fine Young Cannibals (1960) as Redd, Piano Player at Rose’s (uncredited)
Cotton Comes to Harlem (1970) as Uncle Budd / Booker Washington Sims
Norman… Is That You? (1976) as Ben Chambers
Harlem Nights (1989) as Bennie Wilson
Foolish (1999)
TV work
Sanford and Son (1972–77) as Fred G. Sanford / Himself
The Captain & Tennille Show (one episode) (1976) as Himself
The Redd Foxx Comedy Hour (1977–78) as Himself
HBO On Location with Redd Foxx (1978) as Himself
Sanford (1980–81) as Fred G. Sanford
Viva Shaf Vegas (1986) as Himself
The Redd Foxx Show (1986) as Al Hughes
Ghost of a Chance (1987) as Ivory Clay
The Royal Family (1991) as Alfonso Royal
Discography

Savoy discography
78 Singles
630A – Let’s Wiggle a Little Woogie
630B – Lucky Guy
631A – Fine Jelly Blues
631B – Redd Foxx Blues
645B – Shame on You
Dooto /Dootone Records discography
Albums
DTL01 – The Best Laff
DTL214 – Laff Of The Party Vol. 1 (1956)
DTL219 – Laff Of The Party Vol. 2
DTL220 – Laff Of The Party Vol. 3
DTL227 – Laff Of The Party Vol. 4 (1956)
DTL234 – Best Of Foxx Vol. 1″
DTL236 – Laff Of The Party Vol.7
DTL249 – Burlesque Humor
DTL253 – The Side Splitter Vol.1 (1959)
DTL265 – The Laff of the Party Vol. 8 (1957)
DTL270 – The Side Splitter Vol. 2 (1959)
DTL274 – Best of Fun (Red Foxx and Others)
DTL275 – Racy Tales (Also released as The New Race Track) (1959)
DTL290 – Redd Foxx Funn
DTL295 – Sly Sex (1960)
DTL298 – Have One On Me (1960)
DTL801 – Laffarama (1961)
DTL804 – Wild Party (1961)
DTL809 – This is Foxx
DTL815 – He’s Funny That Way (1964)
DTL820 – Red Foxx at Jazzville U.S.A. (1961)
DTL830 – The New Fugg (1962)
DTL828 – Hearty Party Laffs (1962)
DTL832 – Laff Along With Foxx (1962) (compilation)
DTL834 – Crack Up (1963)
DTL835 – Funny Stuff (1963)
DTL840 – Adults Only (1967)
DTL845 – Jokes I Can’t Tell On Television (1969)
DTL846 – Shed House Humor (1969)
DTL853 – Sanford & Foxx (1972)
DTL854 – Foxx and Jazz
DTL858 – Dirty Redd (1973)
DTL860 – Funky Tales From a Dirty Old Junkman
Singles
DTL385 – The New Soap/Song Plugging
DTL390 – The Jackasses/The Race Track
DTL397 – The Honeymooners/The Sneezes
DTL402 – Beans And Pineapple Sauce/The Army
DTL408 – The Two Oars/The Preacher’s Bicycle
DTl411 – The Dead Jackass/Women Over Forty
DTL416 – Real Pretty Baby/It’s Fun To Be Living In The Crazy House
DTL418 – Best Of Redd Foxx Parts 1&2
DTL421 – The House/Sex And Orange Juice
DTL426 – Hollywood Playboy/The Dogs Meeting
DTL436 – South Of The Border/The Plastic Surgeon
DTL453 – The Dear John Letter/Honesty Is The Best Policy
DTL455 – The Shoe Shine Boy/The Royal Thighs And Others
DTL458 – 118 Ways To Make Love/Pregnancy Co-Operation
DTL460 – No Teeth/With My Teeth/The Best Years/Deep Sea Diver
DTL464 – Christmas Hard Ties/Jaw Resting
Atlantic Records discography
SD 18157 – You Gotta Wash Your Ass (1976)
Island Records discography
314-528 061-2 – Uncensored (1980)
Gusto Records discography
KSD-1072 – Bare Facts
King Records discography
KSD-1073 – Pass the Apple Eve
KSD-1074 – In a Nutshell
KS-1135 – Matinee Idol
SK-754 – X-Rated v. 4
SK-756 – X-Rated v. 6
Laff Records discography
A170 – Pryor Goes Foxx Hunting (split LP including one half of Richard Pryor’s “Craps”)
A203 – I Ain’t Lied Yet
Loma Records discography
5901 – Both Sides of Redd Foxx (1966 – Loma/Warner/Rino)
5905 – On the Loose
5906 – Redd Foxx “live” : Las Vegas! (1968)
5908 – Foxx-A-Delic (1968)
MF Records discography
RF1 – Laff Your Head off
RF2 – Laff Your Ass Off
RF3 – Redd Foxx At Home
RF4 – A Whole Lot of Soul
RF5 – At His Best
RF6 – Doin’ His Own Thing
RF7 – Say It Like It Is
RF8 – Is Sex Here To Stay
RF9 – Where It’s At
RF10 – Huffin’ And A Puffin’
RF11 – I Am Curious, Black
RF12 – Three Or Four Times A Day
RF13 – Mr. Hot Pants
RF14 – Hot Flashes
RF15 – Restricted
RF16 – Superstar
RF17 – Spice can Be Nice!
RF18 – Strictly For Adults
RF19 – Vegas we Come
Master Classics Records discography
Albums
Gettin’ Down N’ Dirty (2008)
Comedy Classics discography
Albums
The Ultimate Comedy Collection (2011)

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