Archive for the ‘2000’ Category

2004

Jan 1 In a vote of confidence, Pakistan General Pervez Musharraf wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College and is “deemed to be elected” as President according to Pakistan Constitution (Article 41(8))
Jan 1 90th Rose Bowl: #1 Southern California beats #4 Michigan, 28-14
Jan 1 70th Orange Bowl: #10 Miami (FL) beats #9 Florida State, 16-14
Jan 2 Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later.
Jan 2 33rd Fiesta Bowl: #7 Ohio State beats #8 Kansas State, 35-28
Jan 3 Flight 604, a Boeing 737 owned by Flash Airlines, an Egyptian airliner, plunges into the Red Sea, killing all 148 people on board.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 After hosting the show for over 30 years, Casey Kasem gives up the hosting duties of “American Top 40” to Ryan Seacrest

Disc Jockey and Actor Casey Kasem
Disc Jockey and Actor
Casey Kasem
Jan 4 Spirit, a NASA Mars Rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.
Jan 4 6th BCS National Championship: #2 LSU beats #1 Oklahoma, 21-14, at 70th Sugar Bowl
Jan 4 Mikheil Saakashvili is elected President of Georgia
Jan 6 Costas Simitis announces his resignation as president of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement in Greece.
Jan 8 The RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, is christened by her namesake’s granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
Jan 10 9th Critics’ Choice Movie Awards: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King wins Best Film
Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

Jan 11 30th People’s Choice Awards: Mel Gibson & Julia Roberts win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Ray Romano & Jennifer Aniston win (TV)

Actress Julia Roberts
Actress
Julia Roberts
Actress Jennifer Aniston
Actress
Jennifer Aniston
Actor and Film Director Mel Gibson
Actor and Film Director
Mel Gibson
Jan 11 “4th and 26”, trailing Green Bay Packers by 3 in NFC Divisional Playoff Game, Philadelphia Eagles face 4th and 26 on their final drive, Donovan McNabb hits Freddie Mitchell for 29 yards. Eagles tie the game and go on to win in overtime
Jan 12 The world’s largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, makes its maiden voyage.
Jan 13 Harold Shipman, a British GP who is believed to have killed more than 200 of his patients in Manchester, is found hanged in his prison cell
Jan 14 The national flag of Georgia, the so-called “five cross flag”, was restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years.
Jan 18 AFC Championship Game: New England Patriots beat Indianapolis Colts 24-14
Jan 18 NFC Championship Game: Carolina Panthers beat Philadelphia Eagles 14-3
Jan 21 Canada: The residence of reporter Juliet O’Neill is searched by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) investigating leaks concerning the deportation of Maher Arar.
Jan 21 NASA’s MER-A (the Mars Rover Spirit) ceases communication with mission control. The problem lies with Flash Memory management and is fixed remotely from Earth on February 6.
Jan 25 Opportunity rover (MER-B) lands on surface of Mars.
Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

Jan 25 61st Golden Globes: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Sean Penn, & Charlize Theron win

Actress Charlize Theron
Actress
Charlize Theron
Actor and Political Activist Sean Penn
Actor and Political Activist
Sean Penn
Jan 25 20th Sundance Film Festival: “Primer”, directed by Shane Carruth, wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic
Jan 26 President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.
Jan 26 A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, Taiwan. A build-up of gas in the decomposing sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.
Feb 1 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1 Wardrobe malfunction: Janet Jackson’s breast is exposed during the half-time show of Super Bowl XXXVIII, resulting in US broadcasters adopting a stronger adherence to FCC censorship guidelines.

Singer Janet Jackson
Singer
Janet Jackson
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1 Super Bowl XXXVIII: New England Patriots beat Carolina Panthers, 32-29 at the Reliant Stadium MVP: Tom Brady, New England, QB

NFL Quarterback Tom Brady
NFL Quarterback
Tom Brady
Sport awardTennis Open

Feb 1 92nd Men’s Australian Open: Roger Federer beats Marat Safin (7-6, 6-4, 6-2)

Tennis Champion Roger Federer
Tennis Champion
Roger Federer

Feb 1 92nd Women’s Australian Open: Justine Henin-Hardenne beats Kim Clijsters (6-3, 4-6, 6-3)
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 4 Mark Zuckerberg launches Facebook from his Harvard dormitory room

Facebook Founder Mark Zuckerberg
Facebook Founder
Mark Zuckerberg
Feb 5 Twenty-three Chinese people drown when a group of 35 cockle-pickers are trapped by rising tides in Morecambe Bay, England. Twenty-one bodies are recovered.
Feb 5 Rebels from the Revolutionary Artibonite Resistance Front capture the city of Gonaïves, starting the 2004 Haiti rebellion.
Feb 5 54th Berlin International Film Festival: “Head-On” wins the Golden Bear
Feb 8 46th Grammy Awards: Clocks, Evanescence wins
Feb 8 NFL Pro Bowl: NFC beats AFC 55-52
Feb 8 54th NHL All-Star Game: East beats West 6-4 at St. Paul, Minnesota
Feb 12 The city of San Francisco, California begins issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in response to a directive from Mayor Gavin Newsom.
Feb 13 The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe’s largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093.
Feb 14 In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.
Feb 15 53rd NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 136-132 at Los Angeles
Feb 15 46th Daytona 500: Dale Earnhardt, Jr. wins (156.341 MPH)
Feb 15 57th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): “The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King” Best Film, Peter Weir Best Director
Feb 16 The Pittsburgh Penguins lose their 12th consecutive home game, a NHL record
Feb 18 Up to 295 people, including nearly 200 rescue workers, die near Neyshabur in Iran when a run-away freight train carrying sulfur, petrol and fertiliser catches fire and explodes.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18 Greg Maddux signs with the Chicago Cubs, the team he began his career with

MLB Pitching Legend Greg Maddux
MLB Pitching Legend
Greg Maddux
Feb 19 Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal is awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a “lifetime of service to humanity.”
Feb 21 The first European political party organization, the European Greens, is established in Rome.
Feb 26 Macedonian President Boris Trajkovski is killed in a plane crash near Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Feb 26 The United States lifts a ban on travel to Libya, ending travel restrictions to the nation that had lasted for 23 years.
Feb 27 Former BPMC general secretary Ordrick Samuel launches a new party in Barbuda, Barbudans for a Better Barbuda.
Feb 27 A bombing of a Superferry by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines worst terrorist attack kills 116.
Feb 28 Over 1 million Taiwanese participating in the 228 Hand-in-Hand Rally form a 500-kilometre (300-mile) long human chain to commemorate the 228 Incident in 1947
Feb 28 24th Golden Raspberry Awards: Gigli wins
Feb 29 Jean-Bertrand Aristide resigns as President of Haiti following popular rebel uprising.
Feb 29 76th Academy Awards: “The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King,” Sean Penn & Charlize Theron win
Mar 1 Terry Nichols is convicted of state murder charges and being an accomplice to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh.
Mar 1 Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum becomes President of Iraq.
Mar 2 Voters in the U.S. state of Georgia vote on a referendum concerning its Confederacy-derived flag.
Mar 2 War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.
Mar 2 Rosetta space probe is launched by the European Space Agency to study comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko with Philae lander module aboard
Mar 3 Belgian brewer Interbrew and Brazilian rival AmBev agreed to merge in a $11.2 billion deal that formed InBev, the world’s largest brewer.
Mar 6 35th NAACP Image Awards: “The Fighting Temptations” wins Outstanding Motion Picture
Mar 7 New Democracy wins the national elections in Greece.
Mar 8 A new constitution is signed by Iraq’s Governing Council.
Mar 11 Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid’s rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190
Mar 12 Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea is impeached by its national assembly for the first time in the nation’s history.
Mar 13 25th Big East Men’s Basketball Tournament: Connecticut beats Pittsburgh, 61-58
Mar 14 51st ACC Men’s Basketball Tournament: Maryland beats #5 Duke, 95-87
Mar 14 45th SEC Men’s Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Florida, 89-73
Mar 15 Announcement of the discovery of 90377 Sedna, the farthest natural object in the Solar system so far observed.
Mar 17 Unrest in Kosovo results in more than 22 killed, 200 wounded, and the destruction of 35 Serb Orthodox shrines in Kosovo and two mosques in Belgrade and Nis.
Mar 19 A truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured.
Mar 19 A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations.
Mar 19 Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country’s presidential election on March 20.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20 Stephen Harper wins the leadership of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada, becoming the party’s first leader.

22nd Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper
22nd Prime Minister of Canada
Stephen Harper
Music awardsMusic Awards

Mar 20 18th Soul Train Music Awards: R. Kelly, Janet Jackson, Outkast & Beyoncé win

R&B Singer R. Kelly
R&B Singer
R. Kelly
Singer Janet Jackson
Singer
Janet Jackson
Singer Beyoncé Knowles
Singer
Beyoncé Knowles
Mar 21 In Malaysia, the 11th Federal and State elections are held, returning the ruling coalition Barisan Nasional to power with an increased majority.
Mar 22 Ahmed Yassin, co-founder and leader of the Palestinian Sunni Islamist militant group Hamas, and bodyguards are killed in the Gaza Strip when hit by Israeli Air Force AH-64 Apache fired Hellfire missiles.
Mar 23 Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions holds its first conference in Hyderabad, India.
Mar 27 HMS Scylla, a decommissioned Leander class frigate, is sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.
Mar 29 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.
Mar 29 The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.
Mar 31 In Fallujah, Iraq, 4 American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed and their bodies mutilated after being ambushed.
Apr 1 Google introduces Gmail: the launch is met with scepticism on account of the launch date.
Apr 2 Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt to bomb the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid. Their attack is thwarted.
Apr 3 Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
Apr 3 157th Grand National: Graham Lee aboard Amberleigh House wins
Apr 5 66th NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Georgia Tech 82-73
Apr 6 Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from the post by impeachment.
Apr 6 23rd NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Tennessee 70-61
Apr 8 Darfur conflict: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups
Battle9/11 Attack on New York’s World Trade Towers

Apr 8 U.S. National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice testifies before the 9/11 Commission

UA Flight 175 flies toward the south tower of the World Trade Center while the north tower burns
UA Flight 175 flies toward the south tower of the World Trade Center while the north tower burns
Sport awardGolf Major

Apr 11 68th Masters Golf Tournament: Phil Mickelson wins, shooting a 279

Golfer Phil Mickelson
Golfer
Phil Mickelson
Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Apr 13 Barry Bonds hits his 661st career home run, passing Willie Mays on the all-time list

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds
Apr 16 The super liner Queen Mary 2 embarks on her first Transatlantic crossing, linking the golden age of ocean travel to the modern age of ocean travel.
Apr 18 50th British Academy Television Awards: “Little Britain” Best Comedy, “Buried” Best Drama
Apr 19 108th Boston Marathon: Timothy Cherigat of Kenya 1st man in 2:10:37 and Catherine Ndereba of Kenya 1st woman in 2:24:27
Apr 20 In Iraq, 12 mortars are fired on Abu Ghraib Prison by insurgents, killing 22 detainees and wounding 92.
Music awardsMusic Awards

Apr 21 38th CMT Flameworthy Video Music Awards: Toby Keith, Shania Twain & Kenny Chesney win

Singer Shania Twain
Singer
Shania Twain
Apr 22 Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.
Apr 24 The United States lifts economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years previously, as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction.
Apr 24 2004 NFL Draft: Eli Manning from Ole Miss first pick by San Diego Chargers
Apr 28 Shrek the sheep from Tarra New Zealand, is finally shorn live on tv after 6 years avoidance, the fleece weighed 27 kg (60 lb)
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 29 Dick Cheney and George W. Bush testify before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded hearing in the Oval Office.

46th Vice President of the United States Dick Cheney
46th Vice President of the United States
Dick Cheney
43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
Apr 29 Oldsmobile builds its final car ending 107 years of production.
Apr 30 U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
May 1 Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.
May 1 130th Kentucky Derby: Stewart Elliott aboard Smarty Jones wins in 2:04.06
May 2 Yelwa massacre of more than 630 nomad Muslims by Christians in Nigeria.
May 6 TV sitcom Friends airs season finale in 10th and final season in US (52.5 million viewers)
May 9 Chechen president Akhmad Kadyrov is killed in a land mine bomb blast under a VIP stage during a World War II memorial victory parade in Grozny, Chechnya.
May 13 The final episode of “Frasier” on NBC is watched by 33 million people
May 14 The Constitutional Court of South Korea overturns the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun.
May 15 129th Preakness: Stewart Elliott aboard Smarty Jones wins in 1:55.59
Film release premierFilm Premier

May 15 “Shrek 2” directed Andrew Adamson and Kelly Asbury, with voices by Mike Myers, Eddie Murphy and Cameron Diaz premieres at the Cannes Film Festival

Actor Eddie Murphy
Actor
Eddie Murphy
Actress Cameron Diaz
Actress
Cameron Diaz
May 15 49th Eurovision Song Contest: Ruslana for Ukraine wins singing “Wild Dances” in Istanbul
May 16 The Day of Mourning at Bykivnia forest, just outside of Kiev, Ukraine. Here during 1930s and early 1940s communist bolsheviks executed over 100,000 Ukrainian civilians.
May 17 Massachusetts becomes the first U.S. state to legalize same-sex marriage
May 18 Arizona Diamondbacks’ Randy Johnson becomes 16th pitcher to throw a perfect game (2-0 vs Atlanta)
May 19 NHL Western Conference Final: Calgary Flames beat San Jose Sharks, 4 games to 2
May 21 Sherpa Pemba Dorjie climbs Mount Everest in 8 hours 10 minutes, breaking his rival Sherpa Lakpa Gelu’s record from the previous year.
May 21 Stanislav Petrov awarded World Citizen Award for averting a potential nuclear war in 1983 after correctly guessing Russian early warning system at fault
May 22 The U.S. town of Hallam, Nebraska, is wiped out by a powerful F4 tornado that broke a width record at an astounding 2.5 miles wide. It also kills one local resident.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 22 57th Cannes Film Festival: “Fahrenheit 9/11”, directed by Michael Moore wins the Palme d’Or. First documentary to win.

Documentary Filmmaker Michael Moore
Documentary Filmmaker
Michael Moore
May 22 NHL Eastern Conference Finals: Tampa Bay Lightning beat Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 3
May 23 Part of Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport’s Terminal 2E collapses, killing four people and injuring three others.
May 24 North Korea bans mobile phones.
May 26 The New York Times publishes admission of journalistic failings, claims its flawed reporting and lack of skeptism during buildup to 2003 Iraq War helped promote belief that Iraq possessed large stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction.
May 26 The United States Army veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing.
May 26 39th Academy of Country Music Awards: Toby Keith & Martina McBride win
May 26 12th UEFA Champions League Final: Porto beats AS Monaco 3-0 at Gelsenkirchen
May 28 The Iraqi Governing Council chooses Ayad Allawi, a longtime anti-Saddam Hussein exile, to become Prime Minister of Iraq’s interim government.
May 29 The World War II Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
May 29 The Al-Khobar massacres in Saudi Arabia kill 22.
May 30 Indianapolis 500: Buddy Rice wins in 3:14:55.2395 (222.923 km/h)
Film release premierFilm Release

May 31 “Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban”, the 3rd film based on the books by J. K. Rowling is released in UK cinemas.

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Ken Jennings begins his 74-game winning streak on the syndicated game show Jeopardy!.

74 Time Jeopardy Champion Ken Jennings
74 Time Jeopardy Champion
Ken Jennings
Jun 5 136th Belmont: Edgar Prado aboard Birdstone wins in 2:27.50
Jun 6 Tamil is established as a Classical language by the President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in a joint sitting of the two houses of the Indian Parliament.
Jun 6 58th Tony Awards: Avenue Q & I Am My Own Wife win
Jun 6 103rd Men’s French Open: Gaston Gaudio beats Guillermo Coria (0-6, 3-6, 6-4, 6-1, 8-6)
Jun 6 103rd Women’s French Open: Anastasia Myskina beats Elena Dementieva (6-1, 6-2)
Jun 7 Stanley Cup: Tampa Bay Lightning defeat Calgary Flames 4-3
Jun 8 Transit of Venus (between Earth & Sun) occurs
Jun 11 Cassini-Huygens makes its closest flyby of Phoebe.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 Ronald Reagan’s funeral is held at Washington National Cathedral.

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
Jun 12 A 1.3 kilogram chondrite type meteorite strikes a house in Ellerslie, New Zealand causing serious damage but no injuries.
Jun 13 50th LPGA Championship won by Annika Sörenstam
Jun 15 58th NBA Championship: Detroit Pistons beat Los Angeles Lakers, 4 games to 1
Jun 20 104th US Golf Open: Retief Goosen shoots a 276 at Shinnecock Hills GC NY
Jun 21 SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Bob Dylan accepts honorary doctorate of music degree from the University of St Andrews, Scotland’s oldest university

Singer-Songwriter Bob Dylan
Singer-Songwriter
Bob Dylan
Jun 24 Capital punishment is declared unconstitutional in New York
Jun 28 Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism
Jun 28 The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.
Jun 28 Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
Film release premierFilm Release

Jun 30 “Spider-Man 2” directed by Sam Raimi and starring Toby Maguire and Kirsten Dunst is released

Actress Kirsten Dunst
Actress
Kirsten Dunst
Jul 1 Saturn Orbit insertion of Cassini-Huygens begins at 01:12 UTC and ends at 02:48 UTC.
Jul 2 ASEAN Regional Forum accepts Pakistan as its 24th member.
Jul 3 Official opening of Bangkok’s subway system.
Jul 4 The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City. (This was largely a symbolic event; actual construction would not start for several weeks)
Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 4 111th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Maria Sharapova beats Serena Williams (6-1 6-4)

Tennis Player Maria Sharapova
Tennis Player
Maria Sharapova
Tennis Player Serena Williams
Tennis Player
Serena Williams
Jul 4 118th Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Roger Federer beats Andy Roddick (4-6 7-5 7-6 6-4)
Jul 4 UEFA European Championship: Greece defeat Portugal 1-0 in Lisbon
Jul 5 First Indonesian presidential election by the people – first round (eventually won by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono)
Jul 13 75th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-4 at Minute Maid Park, Houston
Jul 16 Millennium Park, considered the first and most ambitious architectural project in the early 21st century for Chicago, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 Martha Stewart is sentenced to five months in prison plus five months in home confinement for lying to federal investigators

Business Magnate and TV Personality Martha Stewart
Business Magnate and TV Personality
Martha Stewart
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 Former South African President Nelson Mandela calls for commitment by the world to take action against Aids

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
Jul 18 133rd British Golf Open: Todd Hamilton shoots a 274 at Royal Troon Golf Club
Sport awardSports Awards

Jul 18 12th ESPY Awards: Lance Armstrong, Diana Taurasi win

Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor Lance Armstrong
Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor
Lance Armstrong
Jul 21 The United Kingdom government publishes Delivering Security in a Changing World, a paper detailing wide-ranging reform of the country’s armed forces.
Jul 22 37th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
Jul 25 91st Tour de France: no winner (Lance Armstrong disqualified)
Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 30 “Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle”, starring Kal Penn and John Cho, is released

Actor Kal Penn
Actor
Kal Penn
Aug 1 A supermarket fire kills 396 people and injures 500 in Asunción, Paraguay.
Aug 3 The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11, 2001 attacks.
Hall of fameHall of Fame

Aug 8 John Elway is inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame

NFL Quarterback John Elway
NFL Quarterback
John Elway
Aug 12 New Jersey Gov. James McGreevey comes out publicly as a gay man.
Aug 13 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi.
Aug 13 Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé.
Aug 13 Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
Aug 13 28th Olympic Games opens at Athens, Greece
Aug 15 Bay of Plenty defeat Auckland 33-26 in Rugby Union to win NZ’s Ranfurly shield for the first time in the shield’s 102 year history and after 28 unsuccessful challenges
Aug 15 86th PGA Championship: Vijay Singh shoots a 280 at Whistling Straits
Aug 17 MD5 collision found by Chinese researchers.
Aug 17 The National Assembly of Serbia unanimously adopts new state symbols for Serbia: Boze Pravde becomes the new anthem and the coat of arms is adopted for the whole country.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 “The Scream” (1910 painted version) and “Madonna”, two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from the Munch Museum in Oslo, Norway.

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
Aug 24 89 passengers die after two airliners explode after flying out of Domodedovo International Airport, near Moscow. The explosions were caused by suicide bombers (reportedly female) from the Russian Republic of Chechnya.
Music awardsMusic Awards

Aug 29 21st MTV Video Music Awards: OutKast, Beyoncé & Usher f/ Lil Jon & Ludacris win

Singer Beyoncé Knowles
Singer
Beyoncé Knowles
Singer Usher
Singer
Usher
Aug 29 28th Olympic Games closes at Athens, Greece
Sep 1 The Beslan school hostage crisis begins when armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia.
Sep 1 61st Venice Film Festival: “Vera Drake” directed by Mike Leigh wins Golden Lion
Sep 3 The Beslan school massacre ends in the deaths of approximately 344 people, mostly teachers and children.
Sep 7 Hurricane Ivan, a Category 5 hurricane hitting Grenada, killing 39 and damaging 90% of its buildings.
Sep 8 The NASA unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-lands when its parachute fails to open.
Sep 9 Bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people
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2004 In Music

January–February
January 1
The Vienna New Year’s Concert is conducted by Riccardo Muti.
Kurt Nilsen wins World Idol.
January 3 – Britney Spears marries Jason Allen Alexander, a childhood friend, in Las Vegas. The marriage is annulled 55 hours later.
January 15 – Rapper Mystikal is sentenced to six years in prison for sexual battery.
February 1
Janet Jackson and Justin Timberlake perform onstage at Super Bowl XXXVIII. The performance concludes with Jackson’s right breast being exposed to the audience. The phrase “wardrobe malfunction” is coined during the ensuing controversy.
Daron Hagen is appointed President of the Lotte Lehmann Foundation in New York City.
February 8 – The 46th Annual Grammy Awards are held at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. Outkast’s Speakerboxxx/The Love Below becomes the first rap album to win Album of the Year. Beyoncé won five awards.
February 9 – Blink-182 release single “I Miss You” from the album Blink-182. The song reached number one on the Billboard Modern Rock chart.
February 10 – Paulina Rubio releases her seventh studio “Pau-Latina” under Universal Music Mexico. The album charted at #1 on the Billboard Latin Pop Albums and at #105 on the Billboard 200. The album also got certified 2× Platinum (Latin) by the RIAA.
February 13 – Elton John begins The Red Piano concert residency at The Colosseum at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas. Originally scheduled for 75 performances, it would run for 248 shows over five years, including twenty-four tour dates in Europe.
February 17
BRIT Awards held in London. The Darkness, Dido, Busted, Justin Timberlake and KRS-One are among the winners.
Smashing Pumpkins frontman Billy Corgan posts a bitter message on his personal blog calling D’arcy Wretzky a “mean spirited drug addict” and blaming James Iha for the breakup of the band.
March–April
March 2 – Britney Spears embarked The Onyx Hotel Tour, her first tour in 2 years to support her fourth studio album, In The Zone.
March 9 – Westlife member Brian McFadden leaves the band.
March 10 – George Michael announces that Patience will be his last commercially released record. Future releases will be available from his web site in return for donations to his favourite charities.
March 13 – Luciano Pavarotti gives his last performance in an opera, in Tosca at the New York Metropolitan Opera.
March 23 – Usher releases his Confessions album selling 1.1 million copies its first week, making him the first R&B artist to ever accomplish that. The album would be the top seller of the year with four number one singles.
April 6
A previously unreleased Johnny Cash album called My Mother’s Hymn Book is released less than a year after his death on September 12, 2003.
Modest Mouse, an American indie rock band releases Good News for People Who Love Bad News.
April 20 – Fear Factory returns after their 2002 breakup with the new album Archetype.
April 26
Deborah Voigt, sacked by Covent Garden for being too fat for an opera role, makes her recital debut to a rapturous reception at Carnegie Hall.
Dream Theater performs at the Nippon Budokan Hall in Tokyo, Japan.
May–June
May 10
Blender magazine’s May issue includes a “50 Worst Songs Ever!” list. “We Built This City,” by Starship, is rated worst.
Peter Tägtgren replaces Mikael Åkerfeldt In Bloodbath.
Keane release Hopes and Fears which becomes the 16th best selling album of the millennium in the UK. It went 8x platinum and was nominated for the Mercury Prize and the BRIT award for best album.
May 18-23 – The European Festival of Youth Choirs (EJCF) is held in Basel.
May 24 – Madonna starts The Re-Invention Tour in 20 cities with a total of 56 shows and making it the most successful concert tour of the year with a gross of $124.5 million.
May 25
Phish announces that after 21 years they will break up following the Summer 2004 Tour.
Skinny Puppy releases their first studio album since disbanding in 1996, called The Greater Wrong of the Right.
May 26 – Fantasia Barrino wins the third season of American Idol, defeating Diana DeGarmo.
May 28-June 6 – The Rock in Rio concert festival is staged in Lisbon, Portugal under the name Rock in Rio Lisboa. Paul McCartney, Peter Gabriel, Foo Fighters, Metallica, Britney Spears and Sting headline each of the six days.
June 4
Karl Jenkins signs a 10-year recording deal with EMI.
Creed dissolved. Guitarist Mark Tremonti, Drummer Scott Phillips and Brian Marshall (ex Bassist of Creed) were working on side project Alter Bridge along with Myles Kennedy of The Mayfield Four Their first album is One Day Remains, which was scheduled to be released on August 10.
June 10 – Ray Charles dies at the age of 73 from acute liver disease.
June 11 – The Van Halen Summer Tour 2004 kicks off in Greensboro, North Carolina, marking the return of Sammy Hagar on vocals for the first time since his acrimonious departure from the band in 1996.
June 12 – The Los Angeles, California radio station KROQ-FM airs the 12th Annual KROQ Weenie Roast show with Bad Religion, Beastie Boys, Cypress Hill, The Hives, Hoobastank, The Killers, Modest Mouse, New Found Glory, Story of the Year, The Strokes, The Velvet Revolver, Yeah Yeah Yeahs and Yellowcard.
June 22 – 14th annual Lollapalooza festival, scheduled for July 17, is cancelled. Organizers cite “poor ticket sales”. (See: Lollapalooza 2004 lineup.)
June 23 – UK DJ Tony Blackburn is suspended by radio station Classic Gold Digital for playing songs by Cliff Richard, against station policy.
June 25 – Eric Clapton sells his famous guitar “Blackie” at a Christie’s auction, raising $959,000 to benefit the Crossroads drug rehabilitation center that he founded in 1998.
July–August
July 10 – Ex-S Club star Rachel Stevens sets a world record for completing the fastest promotional circuit in just 24 hours- including a run for the charity Sport Relief. American Idol winner Fantasia becomes the first artist in history to debut at number-one on the Hot 100 with a first record.
July 11 – McFly debut at #1 on the UK album charts with Room On The 3rd Floor. They break the record set by The Beatles as the youngest group ever to debut at #1 on the album charts.
July 20 – Van Halen releases The Best of Both Worlds, a 36-song compilation album featuring three new recordings with Sammy Hagar on vocals.
July 24 – The Robert Smith organized Curiosa Festival kicks off with a concert in West Palm Beach, Florida. Performing along with The Cure are Interpol, The Rapture, Mogwai, Cursive, Muse, Head Automatica, Thursday, Scarling., The Cooper Temple Clause, and Melissa Auf der Maur.
July 25 – The Doobie Brothers record and perform Live at Wolf Trap at Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts in Vienna, Virginia. The live album was released two months later, on October 26.
July 31
Simon & Garfunkel perform a free concert in front of the Colosseum in Rome for an audience of 600,000 people.
Dispatch performs their last live show at the DCR Hatchshell in Boston, Massachusetts.
August 8 – Dave Matthews Band’s tour bus dumps 800 lb (360 kg) of human feces from a Chicago bridge, intending to unload it in the river, but it lands on an architecture tour boat. The bus driver and the band are sued by the state of Illinois.
August 15 – Phish performs their final concert at a two-day festival in Coventry, Vermont.
August 23 – The Prodigy release their much anticipated and postponed first full-length album Always Outnumbered Never Outgunned in 7 years since 1997’s The Fat Of The Land.
September–October
September 18 – Britney Spears marries Kevin Federline.
September 26 – Avril Lavigne begins her Bonez Tour.
September 28 – Brian Wilson releases Brian Wilson Presents Smile, an interpretation of the Smile sessions which were shelved in 1967.
October – Jazz at Lincoln Center performance venue opens in New York City.
October 2 – Billy Joel marries for the third time, to the food critic and chef Katie Lee.
October 11
The original lineup of Duran Duran release their new album Astronaut, which is preceded by the single “(Reach Up For The) Sunrise”.
Melissa Etheridge undergoes surgery for breast cancer.
October 23 – Ashlee Simpson is accused of lip synching after an abortive live performance on the television show Saturday Night Live.
October 25 – Indian singer Hariharan is awarded the Swaralaya Kairali Yesudas Award for his outstanding contribution to Indian film music.
November–December
November 4 – Three members of the band RAM, who all lived in a neighborhood known for its support of the recently deposed former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, are detained by Haitian police during a concert performance in Port-au-Prince; no charges are ever filed or official explanation for the detentions given.
November 9 – Britney Spears releases her first compilation album titled Greatest Hits: My Prerogative.
November 11 – Eric Clapton receives a CBE at Buckingham Palace.
November 12 – Eminem’s fourth major studio album, Encore is released four days before schedule to combat Internet bootleggers. The album sells 710,000 copies in only three days and becomes Eminem’s third consecutive album to debut at #1 on the Billboard charts.
November 16 – Destiny’s Child released their fourth and final studio album Destiny Fulfilled by Columbia Records in North America.
November 17 – Within Temptation release the single “Stand My Ground”.
November 24 – Brian & Eric Hoffman leave Deicide after a royalties dispute.
November 30 – Jay-Z and Linkin Park’s album “Collision Course” debuts at number #01 in the Billboard 200, later becoming the best-selling CD/DVD of that year.
December 7 – Lindsay Lohan releases her début album, Speak.
December 8 – Dimebag Darrell is murdered on stage while performing in Columbus, Ohio, by a deranged fan,[4][5] who shoots the guitarist three times in the head with a 9mm Beretta handgun.[6] The gunman kills three other people and wounds a further seven before being shot dead by police.
December 11–12 – The Los Angeles, California radio station KROQ-FM airs the 15th Annual of the Acoustic Christmas with Chevelle, Franz Ferdinand, Good Charlotte, Green Day, Hoobastank, Incubus, Interpol, Jimmy Eat World, Keane, The Killers, Modest Mouse, Muse, The Music, My Chemical Romance, Papa Roach, Snow Patrol, Social Distortion, Sum 41, Taking Back Sunday, The Shins, The Used, and Velvet Revolver.
December 14 – Clint Lowery leaves Sevendust due to fights with band about gaining control of the band and doubts of the band’s future after being released from their label TVT Records.

2003

Jan 1 89th Rose Bowl: #8 Oklahoma beats #7 Washington State, 34-14
Jan 1 69th Sugar Bowl: #4 Georgia beats #16 Florida State, 26-13
Jan 2 69th Orange Bowl: #5 Southern California beats #3 Iowa, 38-17
Jan 3 5th BCS National Championship: #2 Ohio State beats #1 Miami, 31-24, at 32nd Fiesta Bowl

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

Jan 12 29th People’s Choice Awards: Mel Gibson & Julia Roberts win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Ray Romano & Jennifer Aniston win (TV)

Actress Jennifer Aniston
Actress
Jennifer Aniston
Actress Julia Roberts
Actress
Julia Roberts
Actor and Film Director Mel Gibson
Actor and Film Director
Mel Gibson
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Rock musician Pete Townshend of The Who was arrested in London on suspicion of possessing indecent images of children. He was later cleared.

Rocker Pete Townshend
Rocker
Pete Townshend
Music awardsMusic Awards

Jan 13 30th American Music Awards: Sheryl Crow & Eminem win

Rapper Eminem
Rapper
Eminem
Singer-songwriter Sheryl Crow
Singer-songwriter
Sheryl Crow
Jan 16 The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one. Columbia disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry.
Jan 17 8th Critics’ Choice Movie Awards: Chicago wins Best Film
Jan 18 A bushfire kills 4 people and destroys more than 500 homes in Canberra, Australia.
Jan 19 AFC Championship Game: Oakland Raiders beat Tennessee Titans 41-24
Jan 19 NFC Championship Game: Tampa Bay Buccaneers beat Philadelphia Eagles 27-10
Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

Jan 19 60th Golden Globes: The Hours, Jack Nicholson, & Nicole Kidman win

Actor Jack Nicholson
Actor
Jack Nicholson
Actress Nicole Kidman
Actress
Nicole Kidman
Jan 22 Last successful contact with NASA spacecraft Pioneer 10, one of the most distant man-made objects
Jan 23 Final communication between Earth and NASA space probe Pioneer 10
Jan 24 The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation.
Jan 26 Super Bowl XXXVII: Tampa Bay Buccaneers beat Oakland Raiders, 48-21 at the Qualcomm Stadium MVP: Dexter Jackson, Tampa Bay, S
Sport awardTennis Open

Jan 26 91st Men’s Australian Open: Andre Agassi beats Rainer Schuttler (6-2, 6-2, 6-1)

Tennis Legend Andre Agassi
Tennis Legend
Andre Agassi
Sport awardTennis Open

Jan 26 91st Women’s Australian Open: Serena Williams beats Venus Williams (7-6, 3-6, 6-4)

Tennis Player Serena Williams
Tennis Player
Serena Williams
Tennis Player Venus Williams
Tennis Player
Venus Williams
Jan 26 19th Sundance Film Festival: “American Splendor”, directed by Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini, wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic
Jan 29 Sally Clark cleared of murdering her 2 sons after more than 3 years of prison in what was a life sentence
Jan 30 Belgium legally recognizes same-sex marriage.
Jan 30 Richard Reid sentenced to life in prison for attempting to bomb an American Airlines flight with 197 on board
Jan 31 The Waterfall rail accident occurs near Waterfall, New South Wales, Australia.
Feb 1 Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 Jennifer Lopez starts a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with ‘All I Have’

Singer and Actress Jennifer Lopez
Singer and Actress
Jennifer Lopez
Feb 2 Russian pop girl duo Tatu start a four-week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with ‘All The Things She Said’
Feb 2 NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 45-23
Feb 2 53rd NHL All-Star Game: West beats East 6-5 at Sunrise, Florida
Feb 4 The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is officially renamed Serbia and Montenegro and adopts a new constitution.
Feb 6 53rd Berlin International Film Festival: “In This World” wins the Golden Bear

Feb 9 52nd NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 155-145 (2 OT) at Atlanta
Feb 10 France and Belgium break the NATO procedure of silent approval concerning the timing of protective measures for Turkey in case of a possible war with Iraq.
Feb 15 An estimated 6-11 million people around the world take to the streets to protest against war with Iraq
Feb 16 45th Daytona 500: Michael Waltrip wins (133.87 MPH)
Feb 17 The London Congestion Charge scheme begins.
Feb 18 Comet C/2002 V1 (NEAT) makes perihelion, seen by SOHO.
Feb 18 Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea.
Feb 20 During a Great White concert in West Warwick, Rhode Island, a pyrotechnics display sets the club ablaze, killing 100 and injuring over 300 others.
Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

Feb 21 Bill Maher’s political talk show “Real Time with Bill Maher” debuts on HBO

Political Commentator and Comedian Bill Maher
Political Commentator and Comedian
Bill Maher
Music awardsMusic Awards

Feb 23 45th Grammy Awards: Don’t Know Why, Norah Jones wins

Singer & Pianist Norah Jones
Singer & Pianist
Norah Jones
Feb 23 49th National Film Awards (India): “Dweepa” wins the Golden Lotus
Feb 23 56th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): “The Pianist” Best Film, Roman Polanski Best Director
Feb 27 Former Bosnian Serb leader Biljana Plavsic is sentenced by the U.N. tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands, to 11 years in prison
Feb 27 Rowan Williams is enthroned as the 104th Archbishop of Canterbury.
Mar 1 Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.
Music awardsMusic Awards

Mar 1 17th Soul Train Music Awards: LL Cool J, Mariah Carey & Nelly win

Actor and Rapper LL Cool J
Actor and Rapper
LL Cool J
Singer Mariah Carey
Singer
Mariah Carey
Mar 2 The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University.
Mar 2 America’s Cup: Alinghi defeats Team New Zealand 5-0 to win in Auckland
Mar 5 In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre.
Mar 8 34th NAACP Image Awards: “Antwone Fisher” wins Outstanding Motion Picture
Mar 11 The International Criminal Court holds its inaugural session in The Hague.
Mar 12 Zoran Đinđić, Prime Minister of Serbia, is assassinated in Belgrade.
Mar 12 Elizabeth Smart, was found after having been missing for 9 months.
Mar 13 The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy
Mar 14 Start of weekend of protests against war in Iraq that are attended by millions
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 15 Hu Jintao becomes President of the People’s Republic of China

Paramount Leader of China Hu Jintao
Paramount Leader of China
Hu Jintao
Mar 15 24th Big East Men’s Basketball Tournament: Pittsburgh beats Connecticut, 74-56
Mar 16 The largest coordinated worldwide vigil takes place, as part of the global protests against Iraq war.
Mar 16 50th ACC Men’s Basketball Tournament: #12 Duke beats NC State, 84-77
Mar 16 44th SEC Men’s Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Mississippi State, 64-57
Mar 17 British Cabinet Minister Robin Cook, resigns over government plans for the war with Iraq.
Mar 18 FBI agents raid the corporate headquarters of HealthSouth Corporation in Birmingham, Alabama on suspicion of massive corporate fraud led by the company’s top executives.
Mar 18 British Sign Language is recognised as an official British language.
Mar 19 Invasion of Iraq by American and British led coalition begins without United Nations support and in defiance of world opinion
Mar 22 23rd Golden Raspberry Awards: Swept Away wins
Mar 23 In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Mar 23 75th Academy Awards: “Chicago,” Adrien Brody & Nicole Kidman win

Actress Nicole Kidman
Actress
Nicole Kidman
Actor Adrien Brody
Actor
Adrien Brody
Mar 24 The Arab League votes 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of U.S. and British soldiers from Iraq.
Mar 28 In a “friendly fire” incident, two A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft from the United States Idaho Air National Guard’s 190th Fighter Squadron attack British tanks participating in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, killing British soldier Matty Hull.
Apr 5 18th Soap Opera Digest Awards – General Hospital wins
Apr 5 156th Grand National: Barry Geraghty aboard Monty’s Pass wins
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 7 U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein’s regime falls two days later.

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
Apr 7 37th CMT Flameworthy Video Music Awards: Toby Keith & Martina McBride win
Apr 7 65th NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: Syracuse beats Kansas 81-78
Apr 8 22nd NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Tennessee 73-68
Apr 9 Baghdad falls to U.S. forces ending the invasion of Iraqi but resulting in widespread looting
Apr 13 67th Masters Golf Tournament: Mike Weir wins, shooting a 281
Apr 13 49th British Academy Television Awards: “Alistair McGowan’s Big Impression” Best Comedy, “Spooks” Best Drama
Apr 14 The Human Genome Project is completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99%
Apr 14 U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner the Achille Lauro in 1985.
Apr 16 The Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting 10 new member states to the European Union.
Apr 21 107th Boston Marathon: Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot of Kenya 1st man in 2:10:11 and Svetlana Zakharova of Russia 1st woman in 2:25:19
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 Patrick Roy plays his final career NHL game

NHL Goalie and Coach Patrick Roy
NHL Goalie and Coach
Patrick Roy
Apr 23 Beijing closes all schools for two weeks because of the SARS virus.
Apr 26 2003 NFL Draft: Carson Palmer from USC first pick by Cincinnati Bengals
Apr 28 Andre Agassi recaptures the world no. 1 ranking to become the oldest top-ranked male in the history of the ATP rankings (33 years, 13 days)
Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 2003 invasion of Iraq: In what becomes known as the “Mission Accomplished” speech, U.S. President George W. Bush declares that “major combat operations in Iraq have ended” on board the USS Abraham Lincoln off the coast of California.

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
May 3 New Hampshire’s famous Old Man of the Mountain collapses.
May 3 129th Kentucky Derby: Jose Santos aboard Funny Cide wins in 2:01.19
May 10 The May 2003 tornado outbreak sequence takes place.
May 12 The Riyadh compound bombings, carried out by Al Qaeda, kill 26.
May 12 Fifty-nine Democratic lawmakers bring the Texas Legislature to a standstill by going into hiding in a dispute over a Republican congressional redistricting plan.
May 16 In Casablanca, Morocco, 33 civilians are killed and more than 100 people are injured in the Casablanca terrorist attacks.
May 16 NHL Western Conference Final: Anaheim Ducks beat Minnesota Wild, 4 games to 0
May 17 128th Preakness: Jose Santos aboard Funny Cide wins in 1:55.61
Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

May 20 The reality series “America’s Next Top Model”, created by Tyra Banks, debuts on UPN

Supwemodel & Actress Tyra Banks
Supwemodel & Actress
Tyra Banks
May 21 An earthquake hits northern Algeria killing more than 2,000 people.
May 21 38th Academy of Country Music Awards: Toby Keith, Martina McBride & Kenny Chesney win
May 22 In Fort Worth, Texas, Annika Sörenstam becomes the first woman to play the PGA Tour in 58 years.
May 23 The Euro exceeds its initial trading value as it hits $1.18 for the first time since its introduction in 1999.
May 23 NHL Eastern Conference Final: New Jersey Devils beat Ottawa Senators, 4 games to 3
May 24 48th Eurovision Song Contest: Sertab Erener for Turkey wins singing “Everyway That I Can” in Riga
May 25 Néstor Kirchner becomes President of Argentina after defeating Carlos Menem. He is the first elected President since the economic crisis.
May 25 Indianapolis 500: Gil de Ferran wins in 3:11:56.989 (251.526 km/h)
May 25 56th Cannes Film Festival: “Elephant” directed by Gus Van Sant wins the Palme d’Or
May 26 Only three days after a previous record, Sherpa Lakpa Gelu climbs Mount Everest in 10 hours 56 minutes. The tourism ministry of Nepal confirms this record in July that year.
May 28 Peter Hollingworth becomes the first Governor-General of Australia to resign his office as a result of criticism of his conduct.
May 28 Patrick Roy officially announces his retirement from the NHL
May 28 11th UEFA Champions League Final: Milan beats Juventus (0-0, 3-2 on penalties) at Manchester
Film release premierFilm Release

May 30 “Finding Nemo”, directed by Andrew Stanton and starring Albert Brooks and Ellen DeGeneres is released in the US and Canada

Comedian and TV Star Ellen DeGeneres
Comedian and TV Star
Ellen DeGeneres
Jun 1 The People’s Republic of China begins filling the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam.
Jun 2 Europe launches its first voyage to another planet, Mars. The European Space Agency’s Mars Express probe launches from the Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan.
Jun 5 A severe heat wave across Pakistan and India reaches its peak, as temperatures exceed 50°C (122°F) in the region.
Jun 7 135th Belmont: Jerry Bailey aboard Empire Maker wins in 2:28.26
Jun 8 49th LPGA Championship won by Annika Sörenstam
Jun 8 57th Tony Awards: Hairspray & Take Me Out win
Jun 8 102nd Men’s French Open: Juan Carlos Ferrero beats Martin Verkerk (6-1, 6-3, 6-2)
Jun 8 102nd Women’s French Open: Justine Henin-Hardenne beats Kim Clijsters (6-0, 6-4)
Jun 9 Stanley Cup: New Jersey Devils defeat first time finalists Mighty Ducks of Anaheim 4-3
Jun 10 The Spirit Rover is launched, beginning NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover mission
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 10 “Wicked”, starring Idina Menzel and Kristin Chenoweth, officially opens at the Curran Theatre in San Francisco

Actress/Singer Idina Menzel
Actress/Singer
Idina Menzel
Jun 15 57th NBA Championship: San Antonio Spurs beat New Jersey Nets, 4 games to 2
Jun 15 103rd US Golf Open: Jim Furyk shoots a 272 at Olympia Fields CC IL
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 17 Moneyball, a book about the 2003 Oakland Athletics baseball team and GM Billy Beane’s sabermetric approach, inspired by Bill James, is published

Baseball Writer and Statistician Bill James
Baseball Writer and Statistician
Bill James
Jun 18 Google launches AdSense, a program that enables website publishers to serve ads targeted to the specific content of their individual web pages, many of which like HistoryOrb.com go on to start their own publishing businesses
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 “Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix” the 5th book of the series by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide in English

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling
Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jun 23 Barry Bonds steals second base against the Los Angeles Dodgers, becoming the first player in MLB history to have 500 career home runs and 500 career steals

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds
Jun 26 The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Lawrence v. Texas that gender-based sodomy laws are unconstitutional.
Jun 27 The United States National Do Not Call Registry, formed to combat unwanted telemarketing calls and administered by the Federal Trade Commission, enrolls almost three-quarters of a million phone numbers on its first day.
Film release premierFilm Premier

Jun 28 “Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl”, directed by Gore Verbinski, starring Johnny Depp, Keira Knightley and Orlando Bloom, premieres at Disneyland

Actor Johnny Depp
Actor
Johnny Depp
Actor Orlando Bloom
Actor
Orlando Bloom
Actress Keira Knightley
Actress
Keira Knightley
Jul 1 Aerobie Pro thrown by Erin Hemmings sets world record for longest throw at 1,333 feet (406.3 meters) at Fort Funston
Jul 2 Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy, insults German MP Martin Schulz by calling him a “kapo” during a session of the European Parliament.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 Los Angeles Lakers star Kobe Bryant is arrested for sexual assault

NBA Guard Kobe Bryant
NBA Guard
Kobe Bryant
Jul 5 SARS is declared “contained” by the WHO
Jul 6 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar sends a METI message (Cosmic Call 2) to 5 stars: Hip 4872, HD 245409, 55 Cancri, HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris that will arrive in 2036, 2040, 2044, 2044 and 2049 respectively
Jul 6 110th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Serena Williams beats Venus Williams (4-6 6-4 6-2)
Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 6 117th Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Roger Federer beats M Philippoussis (7-6 6-2 7-6)

Tennis Champion Roger Federer
Tennis Champion
Roger Federer
Jul 7 The United Communist Party of Armenia is formed.
Jul 8 Sudan Airways Flight 39, with 116 people on board, crashes in Sudan; the only survivor is a two-year-old boy who subsequently dies as a result of his injuries.
Jul 10 A Neoplan bus, owned by Kowloon Motor Bus, collides with a truck, falls off a bridge on Tuen Mun Road, Hong Kong, and plunges into the underlying valley, killing 21 people. This is the deadliest traffic accident to date in Hong Kong.
Jul 15 AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.
Jul 15 74th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-6 at U.S. Cellular Field, Chicago
Sport awardSports Awards

Jul 16 11th ESPY Awards: Lance Armstrong, Serena Williams win

Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor Lance Armstrong
Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor
Lance Armstrong
Tennis Player Serena Williams
Tennis Player
Serena Williams
Jul 17 36th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
Jul 20 France: Sixteen people are injured after two bombs explode outside a tax office in Nice.
Jul 20 132nd British Golf Open: Ben Curtis shoots a 283 at Royal St George’s Golf Club
Jul 22 Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein’s sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay’s 14-year old son, and a bodyguard.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 27 A group of 321 Filipino armed soldiers called “Magdalo” took over the Oakwood Premier Ayala Center in Makati City to show the Filipino people the alleged corruption of the Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo administration

14th President of the Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
14th President of the Philippines
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Jul 27 90th Tour de France: no winner (Lance Armstrong disqualified)
Jul 30 The last ‘old style’ Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line in Mexico
Aug 5 A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Cristiano Ronaldo makes his debut for Manchester United and the Premier League in a 4–0 home victory over Bolton Wanderers

Football Star Cristiano Ronaldo
Football Star
Cristiano Ronaldo
Aug 10 The highest temperature ever recorded in the UK – 38.5°C (101.3°F) in Kent . It is the first time the UK has recorded a temperature over 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
Aug 11 Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
Aug 11 A heat wave in Paris results in temperatures rising to 112°F (44° C), leaving about 144 people dead.
Aug 11 NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
Aug 14 Widescale power blackout in the northeast United States and Canada.
Aug 16 U.S. Representative from South Dakota Bill Janklow hits and kills a motorcyclist with his car at a rural intersection near Trent, South Dakota; he will eventually be convicted of manslaughter and will resign from Congress.
Aug 17 85th PGA Championship: Shaun Micheel shoots a 276 at Oak Hill Country Club
Aug 19 A Hamas planned suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem kills 23 Israelis, 7 of them children
Aug 19 A car-bomb attack on United Nations headquarters in Iraq kills the agency’s top envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello and 21 other employees.
Aug 22 Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore is suspended after refusing to comply with a federal court order to remove a rock inscribed with the Ten Commandments from the lobby of the Alabama Supreme Court building.
Aug 23 9th World Championships in Athletics open at Saint-Denis, France
Aug 25 The Tli Cho land claims agreement is signed between the Dogrib First Nations and the Canadian federal government in Rae-Edzo (now called Behchoko).
Aug 26 The Columbia Accident Investigation Board releases its final reports on Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
Aug 27 Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing 34,646,418 miles (55,758,005 km) distant.
Aug 27 60th Venice Film Festival: “The Return” directed by Andrey Zvyagintsev wins Golden Lion
Aug 28 An electricity blackout cuts off power to around 500,000 people living in south east England and brings 60% of London’s underground rail network to a halt.
Music awardsMusic Awards

Aug 28 20th MTV Video Music Awards: Missy Elliott, Beyoncé f/ Jay-Z”>Jay-Z & Justin Timberlake win

Singer Beyoncé Knowles
Singer
Beyoncé Knowles
Rapper & Record Producer Jay-Z
Rapper & Record Producer
Jay-Z
Singer-songwriter Justin Timberlake
Singer-songwriter
Justin Timberlake
Aug 29 Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, is assassinated in a terrorist bombing, along with nearly 100 worshippers as they leave a mosque in Najaf.
Aug 31 9th World Championships in Athletics close at Saint-Denis, France
Sport awardTennis Open

Sep 7 123rd Men’s U.S. Open: Andy Roddick beats Juan Carlos Ferrero (6-3, 7-6, 6-3)

Tennis Player and U.S. Open Champion Andy Roddick
Tennis Player and U.S. Open Champion
Andy Roddick
Sep 7 123rd Women’s U.S. Open: Justine Henin-Hardenne beats Kim Clijsters (7-5, 6-1)
Sep 11 Swedish foreign minister Anna Lindh dies after being assaulted and fatally wounded on September 10.
Sep 11 The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety enters into effect.
Sep 12 In Fallujah, US forces mistakenly shoot and kill eight Iraqi police officers.
Sep 12 The United Nations lifts sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
Sep 13 28th Toronto International Film Festival: “Zatoichi” directed by Takeshi Kitano wins the People’s Choice Award
Sep 14 Sweden rejects adopting the Euro in a referendum
Sep 14 Estonia approves joining the European Union in a referendum.
Sep 18 The United Kingdom’s Local Government Act 2003, repealing controversial Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988, receives Royal Assent.
Sep 20 Maldives civil unrest: the death of prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé
Sep 20 A referendum is held in Latvia to decide the country’s accession to the European Union
Sep 21 Galileo mission terminated by sending the probe into Jupiter’s atmosphere, where it is crushed by the pressure at the lower altitudes.
Film tv awardsTelevision Awards

Sep 21 55th Emmy Awards: The West Wing, Everybody Loves Raymond, James Gandolfini & Edie Falco wins

Actor James Gandolfini
Actor
James Gandolfini
Sep 22 David Hempleman-Adams becomes the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon.
Sep 25 A magnitude-8.0 earthquake strikes just offshore of Hokkaidō, Japan.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 27 Actress Halle Berry announces her separation from second husband, R&B singer Eric Benet

Actress Halle Berry
Actress
Halle Berry
Sep 27 Smart 1 satellite is launched.
Sep 29 Hurricane Juan makes landfall in Nova Scotia.
Oct 3 Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy is attacked by one of the shows tigers, canceling the show for good.
Oct 4 Maxim restaurant suicide bombing in Haifa, Israel: 21 Israelis, Jews and Arabs, are killed, and 51 others wounded.
Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 7 American gubernatorial recall election is held in California. Governor Gray Davis is recalled and Arnold Schwarzenegger becomes governor.

Actor, Body Builder & Politician Arnold Schwarzenegger
Actor, Body Builder & Politician
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon win the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes

Molecular biologist Peter Agre
Molecular biologist
Peter Agre
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 54th Formula One WDC: Michael Schumacher wins by two points

Formula 1 Driver Michael Schumacher
Formula 1 Driver
Michael Schumacher
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Fan Steve Bartman deflects the ball away from Chicago Cubs outfielder Moises Alou. Cubs give up eight runs in the inning and lose to the Marlins 8-3, and the Bartman incident is seen as the turning point in the series

MLB Outfielder Moises Alou
MLB Outfielder
Moises Alou
Oct 15 China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission.
Oct 15 The Staten Island Ferry boat Andrew J. Barberi collides with a pier at the St. George Ferry Terminal in Staten Island, killing 11 people and injuring 43.
Oct 15 MLB National League Championship: Florida Marlins beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 3
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2002
2004

2003 In Music

  1. January–February
    January 6 – The annual Park Lane Group Young Artists festival of contemporary music opens with two concerts in the Purcell Room at the Southbank Centre, London. The first concert, given by the Gallimaufry Ensemble, includes the premiere of a new wind quintet by 23-year-old Benjamin Wallfisch; the second concert features solo bass clarinettist Sarah Watts, who premieres Marc Yeats Vox for solo bass clarinet and Michael Smetanin’s Ladder of Escape for bass clarinet with prerecorded ensemble of six bass and two contrabass clarinets.
    January 7 – Opening of the Philip on Film Live festival (until January 11) at the Barbican Centre, London, featuring films with music by Philip Glass performed live by the Philip Glass Ensemble, conducted by Michael Riesman.
    January 9 – The Vienna Philharmonic belatedly announce that violist Ursula Plaichinger has become the first official female member of the orchestra, 158 years after their founding and six years after they have been forced to allow women to audition, under threat of having their state subsidies stopped. At the same time, it is disclosed that orchestra boss Clemens Hellsberg has formally banned Plaichinger from giving interviews to the press.
    January 10
    Andrew Lack, former chief of NBC news, is named the new head of Sony’s music division, to the surprise of the music industry, because he had no previous experience of the record industry. He replaced Tommy Mottola, who resigned the previous day amidst reports of friction with higher Sony executives over huge financial losses in the music division.
    Following an investigation by The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry and London detectives, police raids in the UK and the Netherlands recover 500 original Beatles studio tapes, recorded during the Let It Be sessions. Five people are arrested. The tapes have been used for bootleg releases for years.
    January 13 – The Who guitarist Pete Townshend is arrested by British police on suspicion of possessing and making indecent images of children and of incitement to distribute them. Townshend claims in a statement that he did not download any such images and accessed Web sites advertising child pornography because he was researching material for his autobiography, which will include passages about his abusive childhood.
    January 18
    The Indian Air Force band, the Air Warriors, played a concert in the Homi Baba Auditorium in Colaba (Mumbai), which included Muthuswami Dikshitar’s Vathapiganapathi in a version combining military band with traditional Carnatic instruments.
    A two-day festival of the music of Mark-Anthony Turnage is given at the Barbican Centre, London, with three world premieres and chamber concerts by the Nash Ensemble and the Birmingham Contemporary Music Group.
    January 22 – Nikolaus Harnoncourt cancels a European tour after being ordered by his doctors to take a two-month rest.
    February 3
    Police respond to a 911 phone call from one of Phil Spector’s neighbors and discover the body of actress Lana Clarkson, with a gunshot wound, at Spector’s his home in Alhambra, California. Spector is arrested on suspicion of murder.”
    The Martin Bashir television film Living with Michael Jackson premieres on ITV in the UK. It airs on ABC in the US three days later. A total of 53 million viewers in the two countries watch the special.
    February 8 – Avril Lavigne scores her third #1 single “I’m with You”, making her the second artist in history to have three consecutive #1 songs from a début album in the Billboard Mainstream Top 40.
    February 20 – The Station nightclub fire: Fire engulfs a Rhode Island nightclub during a fireworks display which was part of the performance by rock band Great White. The fire quickly spreads across the ceiling, filling the building with thick, black smoke, killing 100 people and injuring 160 others as audience members rush for the exits. Many people are missing for some time, including Great White guitarist Ty Longley, who is later confirmed to be dead.
    February 23 – New York City is the site of The 45th Annual Grammy Awards, featuring Nickelback, No Doubt, Foo Fighters, Beyoncé and other performers.
    February 24 – Robert Trujillo joins Metallica.
    March–April
    March 3 – Avril Lavigne kicks off her first headlining tour the “Try To Shut Me Up Tour”.
    March 10
    Johnny Cash is admitted to Baptist Hospital in Nashville, Tennessee to undergo treatment for pneumonia.
    The Dixie Chicks unleash a firestorm of controversy at a concert in London when lead singer Natalie Maines announces to the audience that “just so you know, we’re ashamed the president of the United States is from Texas”. The group is dropped from radio playlists all over the United States and receives death threats as a result.
    March 21 – Ex-Neighbours star Delta Goodrem releases her debut album Innocent Eyes which became Australia’s monster smash hit of 2003 and included the releases of the new singles “Born to Try” and “Lost Without You”.
    March 24 – Meteora by Linkin Park debuts at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart.
    March 25 – Céline Dion begins A New Day…, her Las Vegas residency show. It would run for almost five years and over 700 shows.
    April 1 – Dozens of fans walk out during a Pearl Jam concert when lead singer Eddie Vedder makes comments opposing the Iraq war and insulting remarks about U.S. President George W. Bush. Other audience members boo and shout at Vedder telling him to “shut up.” Vedder attempts to calm the crowd by adding “just to clarify… we support the troops.”
    April 8 – Godsmack releases their third studio album Faceless.
    April 16 – Luther Vandross suffers a severe stroke at his home in New York City. He emerges from a coma six weeks later.
    April 21 – S Club announce live on stage at London’s Docklands Arena that they’ve decided to split up after five years together. Their final single, “Say Goodbye”, enters the chart at #2 a month after the announcement. Rachel Stevens from the group launched her successful solo career shortly afterwards with the song “Sweet Dreams My LA Ex”.
    April 28 – Apple Inc. opens the iTunes Music Store, offering 200,000 songs for download at a cost of 99 cents each. More than 1 million songs are sold in the store’s first week.
    May–June
    May 7 – Pete Townshend is cleared of the charges stemming from his arrest in January on suspicion of possessing child pornography, but is formally cautioned and placed on the sex offenders register for five years.
    May 19 – The former TV channel MuchMusic USA relaunches as Fuse.
    May 21 – Ruben Studdard wins the second season of American Idol, edging Clay Aiken.
    May 24
    Turkish singer Sertab Erener wins the Eurovision Song Contest, held in Riga, Latvia, with the song “Everyway That I Can”. It is the last time that the contest is a one-night event.
    After a 40-year wait, Russian fans of The Beatles finally get to see former Beatle Paul McCartney perform on their soil, on the Red Square in Moscow.
    June 14
    Alexander Kuoppala quit Children of Bodom.
    David Del Tredici’s Wondrous the Merge for string quartet and narrator, based on a homoerotic poem by James Broughton, makes its controversial debut at the Great Lakes Chamber Music Festival.
    Henry Ranta quits Soilwork.
    Justin Timberlake and Christina Aguilera kicked off their summer Justified & Stripped Tour.
    Los Angeles, California radio station KROQ-FM airs the 11th Annual of the Weenie Roast show with AFI, The Ataris, Blur, Chevelle, Deftones, Finch, Foo Fighters, Godsmack, Good Charlotte, Hot Hot Heat, Interpol, Jane’s Addiction, Less Than Jake, Liam Lynch, Staind, Sum 41, Thrice, The Transplants, The Used, The White Stripes and Pete Yorn.
    Alice Cooper begins production of his 26th album. It is a departure from the heavy metal sound of previous albums and is more influenced by his albums of the 1970s.
    June 22
    Beyoncé releases her No.1 debut solo album “Dangerously in Love”, which would earn her 5 Grammys in a single night. It also spawned two No.1 singles in the US and has sold 11 million copies to date.
    Nick Oshiro replaces Ken Jay in Static-X.
    June 27–29 – In the Glastonbury Festival, U.K., headline acts included David Gray, R.E.M., Primal Scream, Morcheeba, The Flaming Lips, Radiohead, Super Furry Animals, Lamb, Macy Gray, Feeder, Manic Street Preachers, Moby and Doves. The weather is mostly dry and the festival deemed a success from both a security and entertainment viewpoint by Michael Eavis.
    July–August
    July 2
    A-Teens and many others perform at the Stockholm Pride festival.
    Delta Goodrem is diagnosed with Hodgkin’s Disease.
    July 5 – Lollapalooza returns after a six-year absence from the music festival circuit. Jane’s Addiction, Audioslave, Incubus and Queens of the Stone Age are among the featured acts.
    July 11 – Judas Priest announces that Rob Halford has rejoined the band, with a reunion tour to follow in 2004.
    July 14 – The eurodance and alternative rock musician Lynda Thomas made her last public appearance; she suddenly left the music industry and public life altogether.
    July 20 – An auto accident in Oregon kills three of the four members of The Exploding Hearts, ending the band after just one album.
    July 30 – The Rolling Stones, AC/DC, Rush, The Guess Who and others headline a benefit concert in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, to prove that the city is safe from SARS. With 450 000 spectators, it is the largest concert in Canadian history.
    August 19 – Jessica Simpson releases her third studio album In This Skin. The album would later go triple platinum in the U.S. and would produce the hit single “With You”.
    August 28 – Madonna sparks media controversy by kissing popstars Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera at the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards. The situation even ignited a quick war of words between Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera over the kiss.
    September–October
    September 15 – Billy Corgan announces that Zwan has broken up.
    September 16 – Ryan Malcolm wins the first season of Canadian Idol.
    September 22 – Max Cavalera & Gloria Cavalera fire Marcello D. Rapp causing Roy Mayorga & Mike Doling to leave the band Soulfly in protest.
    September 23 – Limp Bizkit release Results May Vary their first album in 3 years and their 4th album overall.
    October – Indie/Rock band Conway wins the National “Battle of the Bands” Competition at the Fountain Pub in Tottenham, London, UK[citation needed]. The Norfolk, UK, band consists of Chris Burgoyne (vocals), Andrew Norman (lead guitar / vocals), Tristan McKelvey (guitar), Leon Chapman (bass) and Peter Rednall (drums).
    October 4 – Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band’s The Rising Tour concludes after 120 shows over 14 months, with record-setting sales in U.S. stadiums during the summer and early autumn.
    October 15 – A two-week-long international conference, “Fuori tempo, dire, fare, sentire la musica oggi”, opens in Genoa, Italy, bringing together performers, composers, scholars and administrators from classical, folk and popular music, with a keynote address by Charles Rosen. Featured participants include Nuria Schoenberg (daughter of Arnold Schoenberg and widow of Luigi Nono); musicologist James Harrison; opera conductor Roberto Abbado; violinist Ivry Gitlis; composers Salvatore Sciarrino, Lorenzo Ferrero and Andrea Liberovici; poet Edoardo Sanguineti; popular singer-songwriters Teresa De Sio, Gianna Nannini and Gino Paoli; rock and jazz artists Peppe Servalo and Peppe D’Argenzio of the Piccola Orchestra Avion Travel; and administrators Anna Cammarano (director of classical music at RAI Trade), Gennaro di Benedetto (superintendent of the Teatro Carlo Felice in Genoa) and Joseph Hussek (director of the artistic programme at the Salzburg Festival).
    October 16 – Simon & Garfunkel begin their “Old Friends” U.S. reunion tour, twenty years after their 1983 world tour.
    October 20 – Britney Spears releases the first single, “Me Against The Music”, featuring American singer-songwriter Madonna, from her upcoming album In the Zone, marketed as a comeback single in the US; it goes on to be an international success, reaching the top three in several countries.
    October 21 – Delta Goodrem wins 7 ARIA Awards and defeats Amiel’s “Lovesong” for and a Gold ARIA for Single of the Year, Born to Try. ARIAs host Rove McManus announced that John Farnham will raise the very loud speakers to 1985/1986’s “You’re the Voice” after being inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame.
    October 29 – A legal version of the Napster file sharing network relaunches as a pay service, offering song downloads for 99 cents apiece or $9.99 for unlimited listening.
    November–December
    November 4 – Aaron Carter releases his first compilation album (fifth overall album under Jive Records) Most Requested Hits
    November 5
    Cryptopsy rehires Lord Worm.
    Evanescence’s lead guitarist and founding member Ben Moody leaves the band on their first world tour.
    November 6 – Marco Aro quits his vocalist position in The Haunted. The band rehires their first vocalist, Peter Dolving.
    November 7 – Steve Kmak, aka “Fuzz,” is fired from Disturbed as a result of personality clashes with others in the band.
    November 14
    The legal incarnation of the band Pink Floyd reunites to perform at the funeral of their manager Steve O’Rourke.
    Byron Stroud is confirmed as an official member of Fear Factory.
    November 18
    Blink-182 release their fifth studio album blink-182. This album was regarded as a change of musical style for Blink-182 as the music has darkened and matured since their previous albums.
    Britney Spears releases In the Zone. She breaks her own record as the first female artist to have 3 albums in #1 to become the first female artist to have 4 albums in #1 consecutively.
    Michael Jackson releases the compilation album Number Ones.
    November 19 – Guy Sebastian becomes the first winner of Australian Idol, receiving a contract with BMG Australia. He subsequently records the studio album, Just As I Am.
    November 20 – Michael Jackson is arrested on charges of child molestation. The singer faced similar charges in 1993 that were dropped after an out-of-court financial settlement was reached with the family of a boy. In light of the new accusations, the television network CBS chooses to pull the scheduled November 26 airing of a one-hour television special intended to promote Jackson’s new greatest hits album, Number Ones.
    November 21 – Korn release their sixth studio album, Take a Look in the Mirror. It is the last album that features the original lineup of Korn.
    November 22 – The band Five Iron Frenzy plays its last show at the Fillmore Auditorium in Denver.
    December 6
    Elvis Costello and Diana Krall are married in a private ceremony at Elton John’s estate in England.
    P-Funk founder George Clinton is arrested and charged with drug possession in Tallahassee, Florida.
    December 8 – Ozzy Osbourne is rushed into emergency surgery after having a serious accident riding an all-terrain vehicle on the grounds of his English estate. Osbourne broke his collarbone, eight ribs and a vertebra in his neck.
    December 12 – Mick Jagger is knighted for services to music by The Prince of Wales at Buckingham Palace.
    December 13-14 – The Los Angeles, California radio station KROQ-FM airs the 14th Annual of the Acoustic Christmas show with AFI, Blink-182, Brand New, Chevelle, The Distillers, Jane’s Addiction, Jet, KoЯn, Linkin Park, The Offspring, P.O.D., Pennywise, Puddle of Mudd, Rancid, Staind, 311, Thrice and Trapt.
    December 30-31 – The New Year’s Eve Falls Festival in Australia, traditionally held in Lorne, Victoria, holds events in both Lorne and Marion Bay, Tasmania, at the same time. The same artists perform at both events, alternating between the two venues each night.

2002

Jan 1 The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially comes into force.
Jan 1 Euro banknotes and coins become legal tender in twelve of the European Union’s member states.
Jan 1 Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.
Jan 1 68th Sugar Bowl: #12 LSU beats #7 Illinois, 47-34
Jan 1 31st Fiesta Bowl: #2 Oregon beats #3 Colorado, 38-16
Jan 2 Eduardo Duhalde is appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly.
Jan 2 68th Orange Bowl: #5 Florida beats #6 Maryland, 56-23
Jan 3 4th BCS National Championship: #1 Miami beats #2 Nebraska, 37-14, at 88th Rose Bowl
Jan 3 The Palestinian freighter Karine A is seized by Israeli forces in the Red Sea
Jan 6 Daniel Bedingfield returns to No.1 on the UK singles chart for the second time with Gotta Get Thru This

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act.

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
Music awardsMusic Awards

Jan 9 Michael Jackson receives the Artist of the Century award at the American music awards

King of Pop Michael Jackson
King of Pop
Michael Jackson
Music awardsMusic Awards

Jan 9 29th American Music Awards: Janet Jackson & Lenny Kravitz win

Singer Janet Jackson
Singer
Janet Jackson
Musician Lenny Kravitz
Musician
Lenny Kravitz
Jan 11 7th Critics’ Choice Movie Awards: A Beautiful Mind wins Best Film
Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

Jan 13 28th People’s Choice Awards: Tom Hanks & Julia Roberts win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Kelsey Grammer, Ray Romano & Jennifer Aniston win (TV)

Actress Julia Roberts
Actress
Julia Roberts
Actress Jennifer Aniston
Actress
Jennifer Aniston
Actor Tom Hanks
Actor
Tom Hanks
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 In a controversial move, Marty Schottenheimer is fired as head coach of the Washington Redskins after just one season

NFL Coach Marty Schottenheimer
NFL Coach
Marty Schottenheimer
Jan 14 UK declared free of foot-and-mouth cattle disease
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 The UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, Al-Qaida, and the remaining members of the Taliban.

Islamic Militant & Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant & Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
Jan 17 Mount Nyiragongo erupts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated 400,000 people.
Jan 18 Sierra Leone Civil War finally declared over.
Jan 19 “Tuck Rule Game” AFC Divisional Playoff Game; with under 2 minutes to play New England Patriots trail Oakland Raiders, 13-10 in a driving snowstorm, when a Tom Brady fumble ruled an incomplete pass. Patriots win 16-13 in overtime
Jan 20 Photographs showing al-Qaeda and Taliban suspects shackled and masked are published by the United States military
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 59th Golden Globes: A Beautiful Mind, Russell Crowe, & Sissy Spacek win

Actress Sissy Spacek
Actress
Sissy Spacek
Actor Russell Crowe
Actor
Russell Crowe
Jan 20 18th Sundance Film Festival: “Personal Velocity: Three Portraits”, directed by Rebecca Miller, wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic
Jan 21 The Canadian Dollar sets all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).
Jan 22 Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
Jan 23 Reporter Daniel Pearl was kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan. He was subsequently murdered .
Jan 23 “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in Federal Bureau of Investigation custody.
Jan 25 Wikipedia switches to the new version of its software (“Phase II”) aka Magnus Manske Day.
Jan 27 90th Men’s Australian Open: Thomas Johansson beats Marat Safin (3-6, 6-4, 6-4, 7-6)
Sport awardTennis Open

Jan 27 90th Women’s Australian Open: Jennifer Capriati beats Martina Hingis (4-6, 7-6, 6-2)

Tennis Player Martina Hingis
Tennis Player
Martina Hingis

Jan 27 AFC Championship Game: New England Patriots beat Pittsburgh Steelers 24-17
Jan 27 NFC Championship Game: St. Louis Rams beat Philadelphia Eagles 29-24
Jan 28 TAME Flight 120, a Boeing 727-100 crashes in the Andes mountains in southern Colombia killing 92.
Jan 29 US President George W. Bush in his State of the Union address describes “regimes that sponsor terror” an “Axis of Evil”, which includes Iraq, Iran and North Korea
Jan 29 The San Diego Chargers hire Marty Schottenheimer as their 13th head coach
Feb 2 52nd NHL All-Star Game: World beats North America 8-5 at Los Angeles, California
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 3 Super Bowl XXXVI: New England Patriots beat St. Louis Rams, 20-17 at the Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans MVP: Tom Brady, New England, QB

NFL Quarterback Tom Brady
NFL Quarterback
Tom Brady
Feb 6 52nd Berlin International Film Festival: “Spirited Away” and “Bloody Sunday” win the Golden Bear (tie)
Feb 8 19th Winter Olympic games open at Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Feb 9 NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 38-30
Feb 10 51st NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 135-120 at Philadelphia
Feb 12 US Secretary of Energy makes the decision that Yucca Mountain is suitable to be the United States’ nuclear waste repository.
Feb 12 An Iran Air Tupolev Tu-154 crashes prior to landing in Khorramabad, Iran, killing 119.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 12 The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević begins at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague. He eventually dies four years later before its conclusion.

President of Serbia and Yugoslavia Slobodan Milosevic
President of Serbia and Yugoslavia
Slobodan Milosevic
Feb 14 Fishing vessel Tullaghmurray Lass sinks off the coast of Kilkeel, County Down, Northern Ireland killing three members of the same family on board
Feb 15 At the Tri-State Crematory in La Fayette, Georgia, investigators find uncremated bodies disposed of in the woods and buildings on crematorium’s property. One of the worst incidents of abuse in the funeral service industry.
Feb 17 Westlife go to No.1 on the UK singles chart with ‘World Of Our Own.’ The Irish boy band’s 10th UK No.1 single.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 ‘Always On Time’ by R&B artist Ja Rule featuring Ashanti starts a two-week run at No.1 on the US singles chart.

Rapper Ja Rule
Rapper
Ja Rule
Feb 17 44th Daytona 500: Ward Burton wins (130.81 MPH)
Feb 19 NASA’s Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
Feb 20 In Reqa Al-Gharbiya, Egypt, a fire on a train injures over 65 and kills at least 370.
Feb 22 Angolan political and rebel leader Jonas Savimbi is killed in a military ambush.
Feb 24 Canada defeats the United States 5-2 to win the men’s ice hockey Olympic Gold Medal
Feb 24 19th Winter Olympic Games close at Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Feb 24 55th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): “The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring” Best Film, Peter Jackson Best Director

Film Director Peter Jackson
Film Director
Peter Jackson
Feb 27 Godhra train burning, a Muslim mob kills 59 Hindu pilgrims returning from Ayodhya
Feb 27 Ryanair Flight 296 catches fire in London Stansted Airport. Subsequent investigations criticize Ryanair’s handling of the evacuation.
Music awardsMusic Awards

Feb 27 44th Grammy Awards: Walk On, Alicia Keys wins

Singer-songwriter Alicia Keys
Singer-songwriter
Alicia Keys
Mar 1 The peseta is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced with the euro (€).
Mar 1 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan as US special operations forces infiltrate the Shahi-Kot Valley in Eastern Afghanistan
Mar 1 The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons).
Mar 2 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: US conventional forces first delpoyed as part of Operation Anaconda
Mar 3 Citizens of Switzerland narrowly vote in favor of their country becoming a member of the United Nations.
Mar 3 33rd NAACP Image Awards: “Ali” wins Outstanding Motion Picture
Mar 4 Canada bans human embryo cloning but permits government-funded scientists to use embryos left over from fertility treatment or abortions.
Mar 4 Multinational Force in Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed as they attempt to infiltrate the Shahi Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Joe Sakic plays his 1,000th career game

NHL Legend Joe Sakic
NHL Legend
Joe Sakic
Mar 10 49th ACC Men’s Basketball Tournament: #3 Duke beats NC State, 91-61
Mar 10 43rd SEC Men’s Basketball Tournament: Mississippi State beats Alabama, 61-58
Mar 12 Animated film “Ice Age” directed by Chris Wedge and Carlos Saldanha, with voices by Denis Leary and John Leguizamo premieres
Mar 19 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities
Mar 20 16th Soul Train Music Awards: The O’Jays, Dr. Dre & Alicia Keys wins
Mar 21 In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for their part in the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
Mar 21 Schoolgirl Amanda Dowler is abducted in broad daylight on her way home from Heathside School in Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, England
Mar 23 22nd Golden Raspberry Awards: Freddy Got Fingered wins
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 24 74th Academy Awards: “A Beautiful Mind”, Denzel Washington & Halle Berry (first woman of colour) win

Actress Halle Berry
Actress
Halle Berry
Actor Denzel Washington
Actor
Denzel Washington
Mar 27 Passover Massacre: A suicide bomber kills 29 people in Netanya, Israel.
Mar 31 21st NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Oklahoma 82-70
Apr 1 64th NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: Maryland beats Indiana 64-52
Apr 1 The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so.
Apr 2 Israeli forces surround the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem into which armed Palestinians had retreated. A siege ensues.
Apr 4 The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign a peace treaty ending the Angolan Civil War.
Apr 6 155th Grand National: Jim Culloty aboard Bindaree wins
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 9 Funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother at Westminster Abbey UK. More than a million people line the streets

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Apr 11 The Ghriba synagogue bombing by Al Qaeda kills 21 in Tunisia.
BattleCoup d’état

Apr 11 An attempted coup d’état takes place in Venezuela against President Hugo Chávez .

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
Apr 12 Pedro Carmona becomes interim President of Venezuela during the military coup against Hugo Chávez.
Apr 12 Palestinian suicide bomber (female) kills 7 and injures 104 (among them 9 Arabs) at the Mahane Yehuda Market in Jerusalem.
Apr 13 Pedro Carmona, interim president of Venezuela, resigns one day after taking office.
Sport awardGolf Major

Apr 14 66th Masters Golf Tournament: Tiger Woods becomes the third golfer to win in two consecutive years

Golfer Tiger Woods
Golfer
Tiger Woods
Apr 14 Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez returns to office two days after being ousted and arrested by the country’s military.
Apr 15 An Air China Boeing 767-200, flight CA129 crashes into a hillside during heavy rain and fog near Busan, South Korea, killing 128.
Apr 15 106th Boston Marathon: Rodgers Rop of Kenya 1st man in 2:09:02 and Margaret Okayo of Kenya 1st woman in 2:20:43
Apr 17 Four Canadian Forces soldiers are killed in Afghanistan by friendly fire from two United States Air Force F-16s, the first deaths in a combat zone for Canada since the Korean War.
Apr 20 2002 NFL Draft: David Carr from Fresno State first pick by Houston Texans
Apr 21 48th British Academy Television Awards: “The Sketch Show” Best Comedy, “Cold Feet” Best Drama
Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 23 Pope John Paul II meets with U.S. Catholic Church leaders at Vatican regarding sexual abuse of minors

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
Apr 26 Robert Steinhäuser infiltrates and kills 17 at Gutenberg-Gymnasium in Erfurt, Germany before dying of a self-inflicted gunshot.
Apr 27 The last successful telemetry from the NASA space probe Pioneer 10.
Apr 29 The United States is re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, one year after losing the seat it had held for 50 years.
Apr 30 A referendum in Pakistan overwhelmingly approves the Presidency of Pervez Musharraf for another five years.
May 2 Marad massacre of eight Hindus near Palakkad in Kerala.
May 3 A military MiG-21 aircraft crashes into the Bank of Rajasthan in India, killing eight.
Film release premierFilm Premier

May 3 “Spider-Man”, starring Tobey Maguire as Peter Parker/Spider-Man and Willem Dafoe as Norman Osborn/The Green Goblin, premieres

Actor Tobey Maguire
Actor
Tobey Maguire
Sports record brokenBaseball Record

May 4 Barry Bonds hits his 400th home run as a Giant, leading his team to a 3-0 win over Cincinnati. Bonds is the first player to hit 400 homers for one team and 100 with another

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds
May 4 128th Kentucky Derby: Victor Espinoza aboard War Emblem wins in 2:01.13
May 6 Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn is shot and killed by an animal rights activist.
May 7 A China Northern Airlines MD-82 plunges into the Yellow Sea, killing 112 people.
May 9 The 38-day stand-off in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem comes to an end when the Palestinians inside agree to have 13 suspected militants among them deported to several different countries.
May 9 In Kaspiysk, Russia, a remote-controlled bomb explodes during a holiday parade killing 43 and injuring at least 130.
May 10 Anaheim Angels crush the Chicago White Sox 19-0. The Angels join the 1923 Indians, 1939 Yankees and 1950 Red Sox as the only teams to beat two opponents by 19 or more runs in the same season
May 11 Last performance of the musical Cats in London’s West End.
May 11 Her Royal Highness Princess Margriet of the Netherlands unveils the Man With Two Hats monument in Ottawa and Apeldoorn (May 2), 2000, symbolically linking both the Netherlands and Canada for their assistance throughout the Second World War.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 Former US President Jimmy Carter arrives in Cuba for a five-day visit with Fidel Castro becoming first President of the United States, in or out of office, to visit the island since Castro’s 1959 revolution.

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
May 14 Ten members of the Darwin-based Network Against Prohibition invade the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory of Australia.
Film release premierFilm Premier

May 15 “Bowling for Columbine”, a documentary directed by Michael Moore has its premiere at the Cannes Film Festival

Documentary Filmmaker Michael Moore
Documentary Filmmaker
Michael Moore
May 15 10th UEFA Champions League Final: Real Madrid beats Bayer Leverkusen 2-1 at Glasgow
Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 16 Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, directed by George Lucas, starring Ewan McGregor, Hayden Christensen and Natalie Portman opens in cinemas

Film Director George Lucas
Film Director
George Lucas
Actor Ewan McGregor
Actor
Ewan McGregor
Actor Hayden Christensen
Actor
Hayden Christensen
May 18 127th Preakness: Victor Espinoza aboard War Emblem wins in 1:56.36
May 20 The independence of East Timor is recognized by Portugal, formally ending 23 years of Indonesian rule and 3 years of provisional UN administration (Portugal itself was the former colonizer of East Timor until 1976).
May 22 The remains of the missing Chandra Levy are found in Rock Creek Park, Washington, D.C.
May 22 American civil rights movement: a jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicts former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church.
May 22 37th Academy of Country Music Awards: Brooks & Dunn, Martina McBride & Alan Jackson win
Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 22 Mike Babcock is named head coach of the Anaheim Mighty Ducks

NHL Coach Mike Babcock
NHL Coach
Mike Babcock
May 23 The “55 parties” clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland.
May 24 Russia and the United States sign the Moscow Treaty.
May 25 A train crash in Tenga, Mozambique kills 197 people.
May 25 China Airlines Flight 611: A Boeing 747-200 breaks apart in mid-air and plunges into the Taiwan Strait killing 225 people.
May 25 47th Eurovision Song Contest: Marie N for Latvia wins singing “I Wanna” in Tallinn
May 26 The Mars Odyssey finds signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars.
May 26 Álvaro Uribe becomes President of Colombia.
May 26 Indianapolis 500: Hélio Castroneves wins in 3:00:10.871 (267.954 km/h)
May 26 55th Cannes Film Festival: “The Pianist” directed by Roman Polanski wins the Palme d’Or
May 28 NATO declares Russia a limited partner in the Western alliance.
May 28 NHL Eastern Conference Final: Carolina Hurricanes beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 2
May 31 The New Jersey Nets defeat the Boston Celtics 96-88 in Game 6 of the NBA’s Eastern Conference Championship, winning the series 4 games to 2 to advance to their first NBA Finals appearance.
May 31 NHL Western Conference Final: Detroit Red Wings beat Colorado Avalanche, 4 games to 3
Jun 2 56th Tony Awards: Thoroughly Modern Millie & The Goat, or Who is Sylvia? win
Music releaseAlbum Release

Jun 4 Canadian singer Avril Lavigne releases debut album, “Let Go”

Pop Singer and Songwriter Avril Lavigne
Pop Singer and Songwriter
Avril Lavigne
Jun 6 A near-Earth asteroid estimated at 10 metres diameter explodes over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya. Resulting explosion estimated to have a force of 26 kilotons, more powerful than the Nagasaki atomic bomb.
Film release premierFilm Premier

Jun 6 “Jason Bourne”, directed by Doug Liman and starring Matt Damon premieres in the US

Actor Matt Damon
Actor
Matt Damon
Jun 8 134th Belmont: Edgar Prado aboard Sarava wins in 2:29.71
Sport awardGolf Major

Jun 9 48th LPGA Championship won by Se Ri Pak

LPGA Golfer Se Ri Pak
LPGA Golfer
Se Ri Pak
Jun 9 101st Men’s French Open: Albert Costa beats Juan Carlos Ferrero (6-1, 6-0, 4-6, 6-3)
Sport awardTennis Open

Jun 9 101st Women’s French Open: Serena Williams beats Venus Williams (7-5, 6-3)

Tennis Player Serena Williams
Tennis Player
Serena Williams
Tennis Player Venus Williams
Tennis Player
Venus Williams
Jun 10 The first direct electronic communication experiment between the nervous systems of two humans is carried out by Kevin Warwick in the United Kingdom.
Jun 11 Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 “American Idol” created by Simon Fuller with judges Simon Cowell, Paula Abdul and Randy Jackson premieres on Fox

Recording Executive Simon Cowell
Recording Executive
Simon Cowell
Singer & Judge of American Idol Paula Abdul
Singer & Judge of American Idol
Paula Abdul
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Los Angeles Lakers beat New Jersey Nets 4-0 in NBA finals MVP: Shaquille O’Neal, L.A.

Basketball Player Shaquille O’Neal
Basketball Player
Shaquille O’Neal
Jun 12 36th CMT Flameworthy Video Music Awards: Dixie Chicks, Martina McBride & Kenny Chesney win
Jun 12 56th NBA Championship: Los Angeles Lakers beat New Jersey Nets, 4 games to 0
Jun 13 The United States of America withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
Sports record brokenNHL Record

Jun 13 Scotty Bowman wins his 9th Stanley Cup as a coach, an NHL record, and retires

NHL Coach Scotty Bowman
NHL Coach
Scotty Bowman
Jun 15 Near earth asteroid 2002 MN missed the Earth by 75,000 miles (120,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon
Jun 16 102nd US Golf Open: Tiger Woods shoots a 277 at Bethpage State Park NY
Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jun 21 Lennox Lewis retains boxing’s WBC world Heavyweight crown with an eight round knockout over Mike Tyson

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Lennox Lewis
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Lennox Lewis
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Mike Tyson
Jun 22 An earthquake in western Iran measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale kills more than 261 people.
Jun 24 The Igandu train disaster in Tanzania kills 281, the worst train accident in African history.
Jun 28 In South Africa, the Congress of South African Trade Unions and the Treatment Action Campaign table a national HIV/AIDS treatment plan in the National Economic, Development and Labour Council
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29 US Vice President Dick Cheney, serves as Acting President for two and a half hours, while President George W. Bush undergoes a colonoscopy procedure.

46th Vice President of the United States Dick Cheney
46th Vice President of the United States
Dick Cheney
43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
Jun 29 Naval clashes between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.
Jun 30 FIFA World Cup: Brazil beats Germany 2-0 for football’s 17th World Cup in Yokohama
Jul 1 The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.
Jul 1 A Bashkirian Airlines (flight 2937) Tupolev TU-154 and a DHL (German cargo) Boeing 757 collide in mid-air over Ueberlingen, southern Germany, killing 71.
Jul 2 Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.
Jul 7 A scandal breaks out in the United Kingdom when news reports accuse MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader.
Jul 7 109th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Serena Williams beats Venus Williams (7-6 6-3)
Jul 7 116th Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Lleyton Hewitt beats D Nalbandian (6-1 6-3 6-2)
Jul 9 The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
Jul 9 73rd All Star Baseball Game: 7-7 tie when both teams ran out of available pitchers at Miller Park, Milwaukee
Jul 10 At a Sotheby’s auction, Peter Paul Rubens’ painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Kenneth, Lord Thomson.
Sport awardSports Awards

Jul 10 10th ESPY Awards: Tiger Woods, Venus Williams win

Tennis Player Venus Williams
Tennis Player
Venus Williams
Golfer Tiger Woods
Golfer
Tiger Woods
Jul 14 French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations.
Jul 15 “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony.
Jul 15 Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
Jul 20 Bartenders doing tricks with fire start a major fire in a night club in Lima, Peru that kills 25 and injures 100
Jul 21 Telecom giant WorldCom files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, the then largest such filing in United States history
Jul 21 131st British Golf Open: Ernie Els shoots a 278 at Muirfield Golf Links
Jul 22 Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas’s military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians.
Jul 24 James Traficant is expelled from the United States House of Representatives on a vote of 420 to 1.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24 On 200th anniversary of his birth French author Alexandre Dumas’ (‘The Three Musketeers’) ashes are interred in the Panthéon in Paris in a televised ceremony.

Author Alexandre Dumas
Author
Alexandre Dumas
Jul 25 17th Commonwealth Games open in Manchester, England
Jul 27 Ukraine airshow disaster: A Sukhoi Su-27 fighter crashes during an air show at Lviv, Ukraine killing 85 and injuring more than 100 others, the largest air show disaster in history.
Jul 28 Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, are rescued after 77 hours underground.
Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 89th Tour de France: no winner (Lance Armstrong disqualified)

Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor Lance Armstrong
Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor
Lance Armstrong
Jul 30 The accounting law referred to as “The Sarbanes Oxley Act” is signed into law by President George W. Bush.
Jul 31 Polaroid Corporation is purchased by One Equity Partners, continuing to operate under the Polaroid Corporation name
Aug 1 35th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
Aug 4 Soham murders: 10 year old school girls Jessica Chapman and Holly Wells go missing from the town of Soham, Cambridgeshire.
Aug 4 17th Commonwealth Games close in Manchester, England
Aug 9 Barry Bonds hits his 600th career home run
Aug 16 Africa Women’s Peace Train leaves Kampala for Johannesburg
Aug 18 84th PGA Championship: Rich Beem shoots a 278 at Hazeltine National Golf Club
Aug 19 A Russian Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechen missile outside of Grozny, killing 118 soldiers.
Aug 20 A group of Iraqis opposed to the regime of Saddam Hussein take over the Iraqi Embassy in Berlin for five hours before releasing their hostages and surrendering.
Aug 26 Earth Summit 2002 begins in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Aug 27 59th Venice Film Festival: “The Magdalene Sisters” directed by Peter Mullan wins Golden Lion
Music awardsMusic Awards

Aug 29 19th MTV Video Music Awards: Eminem & Pink win

Rapper Eminem
Rapper
Eminem
Singer Pink
Singer
Pink
Sep 8 Texas Rangers set a major league record by homering in their 26th consecutive game as Texas falls to the Tampa Bay
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2001
2003

2002 In Music

January–February

January 1 – Eric Clapton marries his 25-year-old American girlfriend in a surprise wedding ceremony at a church in the English village of Ripley, Surrey.
January 8 – The Black Crowes announce they are taking a hiatus.
January 14 – Adam Ant is committed to a psychiatric hospital two days after being arrested for carrying a firearm into a London pub that Ant claims was fake.
January 18 – Rapper C-Murder is arrested and charged with second-degree murder over a fatal shooting in a Harvey, Louisiana nightclub on January 12.
January 23 – Virgin Records buys out its contract with Mariah Carey for $28 million, essentially paying her to not record any more music for the label.
February 3 – U2 perform during the halftime show for Super Bowl XXXVI. U2’s performance becomes a tribute to the victims of the September 11 terrorist attack.
February 4 – Kiss bassist Gene Simmons has a notoriously antagonistic interview with Terry Gross on National Public Radio. Simmons continuously baits the host with sexual come-ons throughout the interview while Gross repeatedly calls Simmons “obnoxious.” Simmons refuses to grant NPR permission to post the interview online, but unauthorized transcripts and audio exist.
February 13 – Jennifer Lopez becomes the first singer to have a remix album, J to tha L-O!: The Remixes, debut at number one, selling over 156,000 copies.
February 15 – Popstar Britney Spears landed her first starring role in Crossroads, a teen drama road film alongside Zoe Saldana. Although film was largely panned, the film grossed $61.1 million worldwide.
March–April
March 7 – Burton C. Bell leaves Fear Factory after falling out with Dino Cazares. Fear Factory soon disband.
March 12 – Silverchair withdraw from the Gone South festival in Australia after Daniel Johns contracts reactive arthritis.
March 15 – Liverpool Airport is rechristened Liverpool John Lennon Airport in an official ceremony.
March 24 – Takahiro Nishikawa leaves Dreams Come True.
March 25 – Celine Dion returns to the music scene after a three-year absence with the album A New Day Has Come.
April 17 – Pop-punk giants Blink-182 and Green Day co-headline the two-month Pop Disaster Tour.

May–June
May 8 – Mariah Carey signs a new record contract with Island Def Jam Music Group.
May 12 – We Will Rock You, a jukebox musical based on the songs of Queen, opens at the Dominion Theatre in London, England.
May 21
Blink-182 gutairist Tom DeLonge forms post-hardcore side-project band Box Car Racer. Their album Box Car Racer is released.
Eminem releases The Eminem Show, one of the bestselling hip-hop album of 2002
May 22 – Members of Alien Ant Farm are injured in an early morning tour bus crash in Spain that claimed the life of the driver.
June 1
Graham Coxon leaves Blur during Think Tank’s recording sessions, after tensions with the other members mainly due to its alleged alcohol problems and disagreement about the choice of Fatboy Slim as producer. Coxon only contributed in one song, Battery in Your Leg. He was later “replaced” on tour by Simon Tong, former guitarist of The Verve.
The Prom at the Palace is held in London to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II. Performers include the BBC Symphony Orchestra, the BBC Symphony Chorus, Kiri Te Kanawa, Angela Gheorghiu and Roberto Alagna.
June 5 – U.S. soul and R&B singer R. Kelly, is charged with 21 counts of having sexual intercourse with a minor after a videotape allegedly showing him engaged in sexual acts with an underage girl is broadcast on the internet.
June 11
Paul McCartney marries second wife Heather Mills in a lavish ceremony at Castle Leslie in Ireland.
American Idol premieres on Fox.
Korn releases fifth-studio album, Untouchables.
June 12 – BMG Music agrees to acquire the rest of Zomba Music Group in a deal reportedly worth $3 billion.
June 15 – The Los Angeles, California, USA, radio station KROQ-FM airs the 10th Annual Weenie Roast show with Bad Religion, Hoobastank, Jack Johnson, Jimmy Eat World, Moby, New Found Glory, P.O.D., Papa Roach, Puddle of Mudd, The Strokes, System of a Down, Unwritten Law, The Vines, The Violent Femmes and Rob Zombie.
June 18 – Mexican Pop-Singer Paulina Rubio, releases her sixth studio album and first debut-English crossover album in the U.S., titled Border Girl through Universal Records, she performed for the very first time live her hit single Don’t Say Goodbye on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, the album debuted at #11 on the Billboard 200 with sales of 56,000 copies becoming Rubio’s highest charting album in the U.S. It was eventually certified gold by RIAA, indicating sales of over 500,000 units.
June 19 – Hikaru Utada releases the album Deep River, which sold 2,350,170 copies in a week, debuting at number 1 on the weekly, monthly, and annual Oricon album chart. This would be her third time at number 1 on the year-end rankings of that particular chart, a record for any Japanese musical act or worldwide.
June 20 – Pop star Britney Spears, at only 20 years of age, is ranked by Forbes as the world’s most powerful celebrity.
June 21-23 – The first Bonnaroo Music Festival is held in Tennessee. Performers include Widespread Panic, Gov’t Mule and Norah Jones.
June 25 – The Prague Philharmonic Orchestra releases an arrangement of the Romeo and Juliet 1968 film soundtrack on the Silva America label. Will Smith also comes back with the release of his third solo studio album Born to Reign.
June 27 – The Who bassist John Entwistle is found dead in a Las Vegas hotel room on the eve of the band’s new tour. He was 57.
June 30 – The Glastonbury Festival features headline acts Coldplay, Garbage, Stereophonics, Orbital, Roger Waters, Rod Stewart, and Air.
July–August
July 6 – Michael Jackson stages a public protest against Sony Music chairman Tommy Mottola, accusing him of taking part in a racist conspiracy within the music industry to exploit black recording artists. Sony responds with a statement calling Jackson’s remarks “ludicrous, spiteful and hurtful.”
July 9 – Red Hot Chili Peppers’s 8th studio album By The Way is released. It sold 286,000 copies in the United States during the first week, peaking at #2 on Billboard 200. It went on to sell over 2 million copies in the US, being certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.
July 12 – Buckcherry breaks up on the heels of lead singer Josh Todd’s decision to quit the group. They would reunite in 2005.
July 28 – The Area2 Festival, featuring headline acts Moby, David Bowie, Busta Rhymes, Ash, and Blue Man Group, begins a three-week tour in Washington, DC.
August 17 – The Snow Mountain Music Festival opens in Lijiang, China.
August 19 – Nickelback leaves the stage during the second song of their performance at the Ilha do Ermal festival in Portugal after being relentlessly pelted with rocks and bottles by the crowd.
August 27 – Queens of the Stone Age release their critically acclaimed album Songs for the Deaf, featuring Dave Grohl on drums. The album earned the band their first Gold certification in the United States on January 27, 2003, selling over 500,000 copies.
September–October
September 3 – Napster was shut down for good after a judge denies a bid from Bertelsmann to purchase its assets. Aaron Carter’s fourth studio album Another Earthquake! was released.
September 4 – Kelly Clarkson was crowned the first winner of the television talent contest, American Idol.
September 11 – Marie Fredriksson of Roxette is injured in a domestic accident, leading to the discovery of a brain tumor.
September 20 – Courtney Love announces that her legal dispute with the surviving members of Nirvana has been resolved, paving the way for the unreleased track “You Know You’re Right” to be included on an upcoming compilation.
September 25 – Radio Disney Jams, Vol. 5 gets released onto CD.
September 28 – A stretch of Tennessee State Route 19 is officially named for Tina Turner, who was born and raised in nearby Nutbush, Tennessee.
October 2
Robbie Williams signs a new six-album deal with EMI for £80 million, the most lucrative contract ever signed by a UK musician.
Christina Aguilera releases her controversial music video for the song, “Dirrty”, the lead single from her second album Stripped.
October 13 – The fifth Terrastock festival is held in Boston, USA.
October 24 – Mikey “Bug” Cox is fired from Coal Chamber after disputes with other members about his drug addiction.
October 26 – Christina Aguilera releases her controversial second studio album Stripped, which enters the Billboard 200 at number 2, selling 330,000 copies in its first week. Stripped is the first studio album in three years since Christina Aguilera (1999).
October 30
Jam Master Jay is shot dead at a studio in Queens. Run-D.M.C. disbands.
Warren Zevon, who has recently been diagnosed with cancer, is the sole guest for the entire hour of Late Show with David Letterman. It would be his final public performance.
November–December
November 7 – Guns N’ Roses fans in Vancouver riot after a concert, which was to kick off the band’s first tour in nine years, is canceled due to Axl Rose’s flight getting delayed.
November 10 – Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Elvis Costello, Lenny Kravitz, Tom Petty and Brian Setzer guest-star on an episode of The Simpsons set at a Rock ‘n’ Roll Fantasy Camp.
November 19 – Michael Jackson dangles his nine-month-old son over the balcony of his Berlin hotel room in an apparent attempt to connect with the fans below. He releases a statement later that day calling the incident a “terrible mistake”.
November 26 – Will Smith releases his first compilation album (last under Colombia Records) Greatest Hits
November 29 – Concert For George is held at the Royal Albert Hall in London, as a memorial to George Harrison on the first anniversary of his death, under the musical direction of friend Eric Clapton. Performers included Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, Clapton, Jeff Lynne, Ravi Shankar, and Billy Preston. The event benefitted the Material World Charitable Foundation.
November 30 – British girl group Girls Aloud is formed on the reality television show Popstars: The Rivals.
December 2 – Peter Garrett leaves Midnight Oil.
December 6 – Another riot over a canceled Guns N’ Roses concert breaks out, this time in Philadelphia, after Axl Rose is a no-show. The band cancels the remaining dates of the tour without explanation.
December 29 – A Creed concert in Chicago angers fans in attendance when lead singer Scott Stapp forgets many lyrics, takes a lengthy leave of absence in the middle of the show and lies down on the stage for part of the performance. The band’s manager issues a written apology that includes the statement “we hope that you can take some solace in the fact that you definitely experienced the most unique of all Creed shows and may have become part of the unusual world of rock ‘n’ roll history!”
December 31 – Phish end their two-year hiatus with a New Year’s Eve concert at Madison Square Garden in New York City.
Also in 2002
Fergie joins The Black Eyed Peas during their recording of the Elephunk album.
Salt-n-Pepa disbands.

1935-2001

There’s a lot of issues we should learn about these two different years. The prices of houses is quite different. 1935 is better than 2001 prices of homes, but at the same topic, 2001 are far better than 2017 homes in price.

Thank You President Shithead Obama for everything you did that meant nothing for The American People !!!

2001

2001 al-Qaeda Terrorists attack the United States using hijacked passenger aircraft to bring down the Twin Towers in New York and crashing an aircraft into the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia leaving nearly 3,000 people dead. the attacks become known simply as 911 due to the date of the attack September 11th. Due to the attacks a number of things happen, America Declares War on Terrorism and invades Afghanistan where the leader of al-Qaeda Osama bin Laden was believed to be hiding , Security increases for all aspects of American life including Airline Security.

Cost Of Living 2001

How Much things cost in 2001 Average Cost of new house $136,150.00
Average Median Income $42,350.00
Average Monthly Rent $715.00
Cost of a gallon of Gas $1.46
Average cost of new car $25,850.00
US Postage Stamp 34 cents
1 LB of Bacon $3.22
Ground Coffee per IB $3.06
Loaf of Bread $1.82
Dozen Eggs 90 cents

Events 2001

India
An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths
Netherlands
The Scottish Court in the Netherlands convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed in Lockerbie, Scotland
Iraq
British and U.S. forces carry out bombing raids attempting to disable Iraq’s air defense network
U.S.
Timothy James McVeigh is executed for the Oklahoma City Bombing.
U.S.
Congress passes the aviation security bill requiring that all airport screeners would undergo criminal background checks and would have to be U.S. citizens
World
The US ( George W Bush ) refuses to sign the Kyoto Agreement on Climate Change
United States – Genesis Spacecraft Launched
NASA launches the Genesis space probe.
More Information for NASA Genesis
1. NASA launches the Genesis spacecraft during August of 2001.
2. The mission of Genesis was to examine and collect samples of solar wind.
3. This mission was the first to collect and return materials to Earth since the Apollo program.
4. NASA thought that the samples could provide more accurate information about the composition of the Sun and improve upon theories about the creation of the Sun and the planets.
5. Genesis crash-landed back on Earth in September of 2004.
6. Due to a design flaw in the parachute several samples were damaged in the crash, but there were still some left intact that NASA was able to study.

Italy — Leaning Tower Of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy re-opens to the public during December of 2001. The popular tourist destination was built in 1360 and closed in 1990 for repairs. It opened 11 years later after a team of engineers, architects, and soil experts successfully stabilized it without removing its famous tilt. There were multiple attempts to fix the sinking tower and it was accomplished by removing soil underneath it to counter the tilt. The repairs cost about $27 million and the experts who worked on it estimated that the 12th century building would last at least another 200 years before toppling over.

U.S.
The US Pulls Out Of 1972 Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty
U.S.
2001 becomes known as “Summer of the Shark” after a number of shark attack fatalities.
U.S.
Pharmaceutical Companies Agree to sell Aids drugs for cost price in Africa a discount of up to 90% to help the fight against Aids.
Northern Ireland
IRA Dismantles it’s weapons arsenal after years of fighting

Italy
The 27th G8 summit takes place in Genoa, Italy. Massive demonstrations against the meeting by anti-globalization groups
U.S.
Known simply as 9/11. On September 11, 2001 Nineteen hijackers simultaneously took control of four U.S. domestic commercial airliners. The hijackers crashed two planes into the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York City one into each of the two tallest towers. Within two hours, both towers collapsed. The hijackers crashed the third aircraft into the U.S. Department of Defense headquarters, the Pentagon, in Arlington County, Virginia. The fourth plane crashed into a rural field in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, following apparent passenger resistance.
Afghanistan
The United States invades Afghanistan, with some participation from the UK. Marking the beginning of the US “War on Terrorism” campaign. Seeking to oust the Taliban and find Al-Qaeda mastermind Osama bin Laden
U.S.
California suffers more Rolling Blackouts and electricity rate hikes of up to 46 percent
U.S.
Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection
U.S.
Cincinnati Mayor Charles Luken declares a state of emergency after the third night of Riots
U.S.
Pacific Gas and Electric in California Files Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Protection
Space
Dennis Tito becomes the first space tourist during May of 2001.
More Information for Dennis Tito and Space Tourism
U.S. business man and multimillionaire Dennis Tito returns from his space flight in May of 2001. Tito was considered to be the very first “space tourist’ having paid his way for a trip to the International Space Station aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft. Tito reportedly paid $20 million to Space Adventures, a company that facilitated his training in Russia and subsequent flight to the ISS. Tito originally tried to plan his trip through NASA but NASA officials did not approve of Tito’s flight as they did not believe he would have enough training. Dennis Tito’s space journey lasted for about six days during which he helped conduct experiments before he returned to Earth.

U.S.
A series of Anthrax attacks spreads fear amongst the American Public and several people are infected by handling infected letters
Ghana
120 people killed in stampede at football game in Ghana
UK
Selby Rail Crash in Northern England
Galapagos Islands
‘Jessica’ runs aground on the Island of San Cristobal in the Galapagos Islands causing an Ecological Disaster when 180,000 gallons of oil are leaked into the sea
India
Gunmen attack the parliament building in the Indian capital, New Delhi leaving At least 12 dead and 22 injured
Philippines
Hotel fire at Manila, Philippines causes the death of over 100 people.
Kosovo
Ethnic Albanian extremists carry out a bomb attack on a bus convoy in Kosovo
U.S.
The legendary racing driver Dale Earnhardt who had won a record seven Nascar championships dies in a last-lap crash during the Daytona 500 at Daytona International Speedway
Switzerland
Gunman Kills 14 in Swiss government building
Switzerland
Fire In Gotthard Road Tunnel Joining Switzerland to Northern Italy Under The Alps kills 39
Italy
The Leaning Tower of Pisa reopens after 11 years repairs to stop it falling over
UK
On June 8th Tony Blair and the British labour party are elected for a second term.
UK
13 of the most popular museums in England are now free to visit
Pakistan
General Pervez Musharraf Takes Power on June 21st and takes on the role of president and chief executive in Pakistan and banning opposition parties political rallies.
UK
The Eden Project in Cornwall, England Opened ( the worlds largest greenhouse ) trying to help save the worlds largest collection of plants
UK
Foot and Mouth Disease Is Found In UK after 20 years
Ghana
Soccer Fans Stampede in Ghana leaving 126 fans dead
U.S.
Richard C. Reid, dubbed by the press as the shoe bomber, attempts to blow up an American Airlines plane
U.S.
The Republican controlled House voted for the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act
Congo
A humanitarian crisis of epic proportions occurs in DR Congo with over 16 million Congolese starving
Peru
7.9 magnitude earthquake strikes the city of Arequipa and surrounding areas in Southern Peru
Yugoslavia
Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic is arrested and charged with corruption and theft of state funds and war crimes charges
Italy
A Scandinavian airline, SAS aircraft crashes into an airport building at Linate airport killing 118

Technology 2001

Wikipedia, a Wiki free content encyclopedia, goes online
Napster is closed down by court order following an injunction on behalf of the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA),
50 countries sign the Convention on Cybercrime hoping to cut the amount of crime commited through the Internet
Russian space station Mir is decommissioned and re-enters the atmosphere landing in the Pacific
Mars Odyssey is launched
The Mars Odyssey spacecraft reaches Mars on October 24, 2001 It’s Mission to answer the question of whether life has ever existed on Mars.
The code red ( WORM ) virus attacks 1/4 million web sites running on Microsoft’s IIS web server
Apple Computer releases the iPod.
HP ( Hewlett Packard ) and Compaq Merge
Remains of what may be the oldest ancient human are found in Ethiopia estimated to be 5.5 million years old
The unmanned solar aircraft Helios reaches a record height of over 18 miles above the earth
Microsoft releases Windows XP
The worlds first Contraceptive Patch ( Ortho-Evra ) goes on the market

Popular Culture 2001

Popular Films

Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring
Monsters, Inc.
Shrek
Ocean’s Eleven
Pearl Harbor
The Mummy Returns
Jurassic Park III
Planet of the Apes
Hannibal
A Beautiful Mind
Training Day
Monster’s Ball
Moulin Rouge!
What do you remember ? Did you go to a Concert that year ?
Please take the time to post your memory on this Page

Popular Musicians

Janet Jackson
Destiny’s Child
Feeder
Ash
New Order
Eddy Grant
U2
Robbie Williams
Alicia Keys
Missy Elliott
Stereophonics
Dido
Texas
Elton John
Jennifer Lopez
R.E.M.
Weezer
Aerosmith
Radiohead
Manic Street Preachers
Missy Elliott
Gabrielle
Aaliyah
Travis
Wheatus
Dido
Creed
Popular Television

Boston Public
CSI: Crime Scene Investigation
Ed
Malcolm in the Middle
Survivor
The District
The Weakest Link (UK)
Yes, Dear
Absolutely Fabulous (UK)
Crossroads (UK)
Only Fools and Horses (UK)
The Simpsons
ER
Friends
Touched by an Angel
The Drew Carey Show
7th Heaven
Everybody Loves Raymond
Judge Judy
Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Dharma & Greg
King of the Hill
South Park
Becker
Charmed
Dawson’s Creek
Sex and the City
That ’70s Show
The King of Queens
Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?
Will & Grace
Family Feud
Family Guy
Futurama
Judging Amy
The Sopranos
The West Wing

2001 Calendar
Major World Political Leaders 2001

Australia Prime Minister John Howard Brazil President Fernando Henrique Cardoso Canada Prime Minister Jean Chrétien

China Chairman of the People’s Republic of China Jiang Zemin

France President Jacques Chirac

Germany Chancellor Gerhard Schröder
India Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Italy Prime Minister Giuliano Amato Till 11 June
Italy Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi From This Day In History June 11th
Japan Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori Till 26 April
Japan Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi From 26 April
Mexico President Vicente Fox Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the CPSU Vladimir Putin South Africa State President Thabo Mbeki United States President Bill Clinton Till January 20,
United States President George W. Bush From January 20,
United Kingdom Prime Minister Tony Blair
Political Elections 2001
British General Election 2001 Tony Blair ( Labour ) defeats William Hague ( Conservative ) and Charles Kennedy ( Liberal Democrat )
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2000

Cost Of Living 2000

How Much things cost in 2000 Average Cost of new house $134,150.00
Average Income per year $40,343.00
Average Monthly Rent $675.00
Cost of a gallon of Gas $1.26
Average cost of new car $24,750.00
US Postage Stamp 33 cents
1 LB of Bacon $2.97
Ground Coffee per IB $3.44
Loaf of Bread $1.72
Dozen Eggs 89 cents
Barrel Of Oil Tops $30.00 per barrel
Events 2000
U.S.
* The State of Vermont passes HB847, legalizing Civil Unions for same-sex couples.
UK
* The Tate Modern opens in London.
European Union
* The Euro falls to record low against the US dollar
UK
* The new Millennium Bridge across the Thames is opens on June 10th and is closed on June 12th due to safety fears for modifications.
France
* Concorde Air France Flight 4590 crashes just after takeoff from Paris killing all 109 aboard and 5 on the ground.
Australia – Summer Olympics
* The Summer Olympics are held in Sydney, Australia.
More Information for Sydney Olympics
1. The XXVII Summer Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia began during September of 2000.
2. A total of 10,651 athletes from 199 different countries participated in 300 events at the Millennium Olympic Games.
3. These were the first games to feature events in taekwondo and the triathlon, and the first to allow female athletes to compete in the modern pentathlon and weightlifting.
4. The XXVII Olympiad ended in October and the United States took home the most medals with 93 in total, ahead of Russia with 89, and China and Australia in third and fourth with 58 each.

United States
* Founder of Microsoft Bill Gates leaves his position as CEO.
More Information for Bill Gates at Microsoft
Microsoft co-founder and creator of the modern PC Bill Gates left his position as the Chief Executive Officer of his company during January of 2000. Gates left his position in order to spend more time doing charity work with the “Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation” a private charity foundation that he and his wife created. Gates remained in his position as Chairman of Microsoft until 2014 and also became the Chief Software Architect until 2008. Steve Ballmer took over as CEO in 2000 and was then replaced by Satya Nadella in 2014.

UK
* The UK fuel protests take place, with refineries blockaded, and supply to the country’s network of petrol stations halted
Egypt
* Divers discover the ancient port of Alexandria the home of Cleopatra and Mark Anthony
U.S.
* 300 gallons of black sludge is released into the Mississippi River causing an environmental disaster
Yemen
* In Aden, Yemen, the USS Cole is badly damaged by two suicide bombers on October 12th
ThePeopleHistoryTopAdd
Japan
* Sony releases the Playstation 2 Gaming Console in Japan.
More Information for the Playstation 2.
During March of 2000, the newest Sony gaming console, the Playstation 2, was released for sale in Japan. The Playstation 2 went on to become the best selling gaming console in history, selling over 155 million units worldwide. Part of its success relied on the system’s backwards compatibility, allowing users to play games on the console from the previous model. The Playstation 2 was sold and manufactured around the world until January of 2013 when it was discontinued prior to the release of the Playstation 4, making it one of the longest sold systems.

World – Website “DeviantART” Launched
* The popular website “DeviantART” is launched.
More Information for DeviantART
The popular online community DeviantART is launched during August of 2000 by creators by Scott Jarkoff, Matt Stephens, and Angelo Sotira. The site, created to help users share and discuss their own artwork and the creations of others. Typically, the art featured on the site is non-traditional, and they showcase a variety of styles including photography, Flash animation, digital art, and much more. Over the years the website grew and boasts over 65 million visitors per month, over 38 million registered users, and over 160,000 uploads per day.

Start History Event

United States — Bush V. Gore
1. In December of 2000, the U.S. Supreme Court rules to end the vote recount in Florida in the Bush v. Gore case, giving the presidency to George W. Bush after a prolonged legal battle following the election.
2. The results in Florida were so close that it triggered an automatic machine count of votes under Florida law, the results tightened the race showing that less than 600 votes separated the two candidates.
3. Gore pursued the option to have a manual recount in 4 counties.
4. They were not able to complete the manual recount in the days required by the law which led to a legal battle between Gore and the state of Florida which eventually made it to the U.S. Supreme Court.
5. The court ruled that the methods in the recount violated the 14th amendment and also ruled to end the recount.

Israel
* Pope John Paul II visits Israel prayed for forgiveness of the sins of those involved in the Holocaust
U.S.
* California suffers the first of two years of Rolling Blackouts
World
* The use of mobile phones continues to grow as mobile phones move from the percieved “Yuppie Device” to an essential consumer product.
Rhodesia / Zimbabwe
* President Robert Mugabe pressed on with his plan to remove Zimbabwe’s farms from white ownership.
Mexico
* Mexican voters vote for Vicente Fox as president
Australia
* A fire at the Childers Palace Backpackers Hostel on June 23rd in the town of Childers, in Queensland, Australia leaves 15 backpackers dead
UK
* The UK is hit by one of the worst snow storms in the last 50 years bringing public transport to a halt
U.S.
* The Lifespan in US is now 77.5 years
European Union
* Mad Cow Disease causes alarm in Europe due to it’s growth
U.S.
* America Online and Time Warner Combine
U.S.
* Grand Prix Formula One returns to US after nine years to Indianapolis Motor Speedwa
Australia
* The Summer Olympics are held in Sydney Australia
Austria
* A cable car taking skiers up to a glacier in Austria catches fire in a mountain tunnel killing 156
U.S.
* Hillary Clinton is elected to the US Senate representing New York
Panama
* Control of the Panama Canal joining the Pacific and Atlantic oceans is handed over to Panama after 75 years of US control
Indonesia
* An earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale strikes the western island of Sumatra, Indonesia on June 5th
Azerbaijan
* An earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale strikes Baku the capital of Azerbaijan
U.S.
* Over 5 million acres destroyed by brush fires in Western US worst in 50 years
U.S.
* Tiger Woods becomes the youngest player to win a Grand Slam in Golf
UK
* Ken Livingstone is elected as London’s first elected mayor
U.S.
* U.S. presidential election, 2000 Republican challenger George W. Bush defeats Democrat Vice President Al Gore, but the final outcome is not known for over a month because of disputed votes in Florida.
Philippines
* Jeffrey Schilling Taken Hostage By Abu Sayyaf Terrorist Group in Philippines

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Technology 2000
* The Concerns over Y2K passes without the serious, widespread computer failures and malfunctions that had been predicted
* Microsoft releases Windows 2000.
* AOL and Time Warner Merge
* The Dot Com Bubble Bursts and thousands of DotComs go bust
* Faulty Bridgestone/Firestone tyres on the Ford Explorer range blamed for nearly 100 fatalities.
* One American astronaut and two Russian cosmonauts prepare for 4 month stay on the international space station,
* The Worlds largest Ferris Wheel or Observation Wheel ( The London Eye ) is opened
* According to NASA the hole in the Ozone layer over Antarctica has increased by .62 sq miles to 17 square miles in just 12 months
* The NASDAQ peaks at 5132.52 just before the dot com bubble bursts.
* It is agreed by European Airbus Consortium to go ahead with plans to build the worlds largest passenger plane the Airbus A3xx , it will accommodate up to 656 passengers.
* A destructive computer virus ILOVEYOU spread by e-mail shuts down computers world wide
* First Draft of Human Genome handed over to society on June 26th

Popular Culture 2000
* The popular show Big Brother is broadcast on German private channel RTLH and captures worldwide media interest
* The Latest Harry Potter Book Is Published “Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire”
* 51 million viewers watch the first season finale of the reality show “Survivor”
* The last of the original Mini’s rolls off the production lines
Popular Films
* How the Grinch Stole Christmas!
* Cast Away
* Mission: Impossible II
* Gladiator
* What Women Want
* The Perfect Storm
* Meet the Parents
* X-Men
* Scary Movie
* What Lies Beneath
* Gladiator
* Erin Brockovich
* Billy Elliot
What do you remember ? Did you go to a Concert that year ? 
Please take the time to post your memory on this Page
Popular Musicians
* Lenny Kravitz
* Blink-182
* U2
* All Saints
* N Sync
* Red Hot Chili Peppers
* Madonna
* Faith Hill
* Dandy Warhols
* Oasis
* Bon Jovi
* Robbie Williams
* Kylie Minogue
* Ronan Keating
* Santana
* Manic Street Preachers
* Britney Spears
* Robbie Williams
* Craig David
* The Eurythmics
* R.E.M.
* Pink
* Coldplay
Major World Political Leaders 2000
Australia Prime Minister John Howard Brazil President Fernando Henrique Cardoso Canada Prime Minister Jean Chrétien

China Chairman of the People’s Republic of China

France President Jacques Chirac

Germany Chancellor Gerhard Schröder
India Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Italy Prime Minister Massimo D’Alema Till 25 April
Italy Prime Minister Of Italy Giuliano Amato From 25 April

Japan Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi Till 5 April
Japan Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori From 5 April

Mexico President Ernesto Zedillo Till 30 November
Mexico President Vicente Fox From This Day In History November 30th

Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the CPSU Vladimir Putin South Africa State President Thabo Mbeki United States President Bill Clinton United Kingdom Prime Minister Tony Blair
Political Elections 2000

United States Presidential Election 2000 George W. Bush (Republican) Defeats Al Gore† (Democratic) and Ralph Nader (Green)
1999 Prime Minister of Canada Jean Chrétien

Canadian Federal Election 2000 Jean Chrétien ( Liberal ) defeats Stockwell Day ( Canadian Alliance ) and Gilles Duceppe ( Bloc Québécois )

Rihanna

Rihanna

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Photograph of Rihanna
Rihanna performing during the Concert for Valor in Washington, D.C. in 2014
Born Robyn Rihanna Fenty
February 20, 1988 (age 28)
Saint Michael, Barbados
Residence New York City, United States
Occupation
Singer songwriter fashion designer model actress
Years active 2003–present
Net worth US $160 million (est. 2016)
Website rihannanow.com
Musical career
Genres
R&B pop reggae hip hop dance
Labels
Def Jam Roc Nation SRP Westbury Road
Associated acts
Chris Brown Calvin Harris Drake Eminem Jay Z Ne-Yo Kanye West

Robyn Rihanna Fenty (/riˈænə/; born February 20, 1988) is a Barbadian singer, songwriter, and actress. Born in Saint Michael and raised in Bridgetown, she first entered the music industry by recording demo tapes under the direction of record producer Evan Rogers in 2003. She ultimately signed a recording contract with Def Jam Recordings after auditioning for its then-president, hip hop producer and rapper Jay Z. In 2005, Rihanna rose to fame with the release of her debut studio album Music of the Sun and its follow-up A Girl like Me (2006), which charted on the top 10 of the U.S. Billboard 200 and respectively produced the hit singles “Pon de Replay” and “SOS”.

She assumed creative control for her third studio album Good Girl Gone Bad (2007) and adopted a public image as a sex symbol while reinventing her music and image. Its successful lead single “Umbrella” became an international breakthrough in her career, as she won her first Grammy Award for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration with Jay Z in 2008. After releasing four consecutive platinum studio albums, including the Grammy Award winner Unapologetic (2012), she was recognized as a pop icon. Her eighth studio album Anti (2016) and its lead single “Work” reached number-one on the Billboard 200 and Hot 100. Many of her songs rank among the world’s best-selling singles of all time, including the singles “Umbrella”, “Take a Bow”, “Disturbia”, “Only Girl (In the World)”, “S&M”, “We Found Love”, “Diamonds”, and “Stay” in which she is the lead artist, and her collaborations “Live Your Life” (with T.I.), “Love the Way You Lie” and “The Monster” (both with Eminem).

With sales exceeding 200 million records worldwide, Rihanna is one of the best-selling artists of all time. Rihanna is the youngest and fastest solo artist to earn fourteen number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100, and was named the Digital Songs Artist of the 2000s decade and the top Hot 100 artist of the 2010s decade by Billboard. Among numerous awards and accolades, Rihanna has won eight Grammy Awards, twelve American Music Awards, twelve Billboard Music Awards, two Brit Awards, and the inaugural Icon Award at the American Music Awards of 2013. Widely recognized for frequently reinventing her style and image, she received the Fashion Icon lifetime achievement award from the Council of Fashion Designers of America in 2014. Forbes ranked Rihanna the fourth most powerful celebrity of 2012, and was named one of Time’s “100 Most Influential People in the World” later that year.

Early life

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Rihanna grew up in the city of Bridgetown, Barbados.
Robyn Rihanna Fenty was born on February 20, 1988, in Saint Michael, Barbados. Her mother, Monica (Braithwaite), is a retired accountant of African American background, and her father, Ronald Fenty, is a warehouse supervisor of Afro-Barbadian and Irish descent. Rihanna has two brothers, Rorrey and Rajad Fenty, and two half-sisters and a half-brother from her father’s side, each born to different mothers from his previous relationships. She grew up in a three-bedroom bungalow in Bridgetown and sold clothes with her father in a stall on the street. Rihanna’s childhood was deeply affected by her father’s addiction to crack cocaine and alcohol which contributed to her parents’ strained marriage. As a child, she went through a lot of CT scans for the excruciating headaches she suffered: “[The doctors] even thought it was a tumor, because it was that intense.” By the time she was fourteen, Rihanna’s parents had divorced and her health began to improve. Rihanna grew up listening to reggae music and began singing at around the age of seven. She attended Charles F. Broome Memorial Primary School and Combermere High School, where she studied alongside future England cricketer Chris Jordan and future West Indies cricketer Kraigg Brathwaite. Rihanna was an army cadet in a sub-military programme; the singer-songwriter Shontelle was her drill sergeant. Although she initially wanted to graduate from high school, she chose to pursue a musical career instead.

Career

2003–2004: Career beginnings
In 2003, Rihanna formed a musical trio with two of her classmates. She was discovered in her home country Barbados by American record producer Evan Rogers. Without a name or any material, the girl group managed to land an audition with Rogers who commented, “The minute Rihanna walked into the room, it was like the other two girls didn’t exist”. Rihanna went to Rogers’ hotel room, where she performed renditions of Destiny’s Child’s “Emotion” and Mariah Carey’s “Hero”. Impressed, Rogers scheduled a second meeting with her mother present, and then invited her to his hometown in the United States to record some demo tapes which could be sent to record labels. She recorded the demo over the next year intermittently, due to Rihanna only being able to record during school holidays. “Pon de Replay” and “The Last Time” were two tracks recorded for the demo tape, which were eventually included in her debut album Music of the Sun. That same year, Rihanna was signed to Rogers’ and Carl Sturken’s production company, Syndicated Rhythm Productions.

Rihanna’s demo was shipped out to Def Jam Recordings, where Jay Brown, an A&R executive at the record label, was one of the first to hear the demo. Brown played the demo tape for rapper Jay-Z, who had recently been appointed as president and Chief executive officer (CEO) of Def Jam. When Jay Z first heard the track “Pon de Replay”, he felt the song was too big for her, saying “when a song is that big, it’s hard [for a new artist] to come back from. I don’t sign songs, I sign artists”. Despite being skeptical, he invited Rihanna to audition for the label. In early 2005, Rihanna auditioned for Def Jam in New York, where Jay Z introduced her to music mogul Antonio “L.A.” Reid. At the audition, she sang Whitney Houston’s cover of “For the Love of You” (1987), as well as the demo tracks “Pon de Replay” and “The Last Time”. Jay-Z was absolutely certain about signing her after she performed her future hit single “Pon de Replay”. His boss L.A. Reid was also impressed with her audition who then looked at Jay Z and told him not to let Rihanna leave the building until the contract was signed. Reid left it to Jay Z and his team to close the deal which resulted in a six-album record deal with Def Jam. She waited in Jay Z’s office till three in the morning to get lawyers to draft up a contract because he wanted to prevent her from signing with another label. Rihanna cancelled other meetings with record labels and relocated from Barbados to the United States to live with Rogers and his wife.

2005–2006: Music of the Sun and A Girl like Me
“[My music is] just imagination, being creative; that’s what my music is composed with. Being creative and thinking of situations, whether situations I went through or situations I’ve observed people going through. I can’t tell you where I’ll see myself in five years, but I can tell you I will work my best to be the most successful artist that I can be in five years. [I want to be] Remembered as Rihanna. Remembered as being the artist from the Caribbean who came here and made it internationally. Just remembered as me, ’cause I’m true to my music, and I just want people to realize that and appreciate me for that”

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—Rihanna during her first interview with MTV News.
After signing with Def Jam, Jay Z and his team did the A&R for Rihanna’s debut album and spent the next three months recording and completing her debut album. She worked with different producers to complete her debut studio album, primarily Rogers and his production partner Carl Sturken. With several songs to pick as a lead single, “Pon de Replay” was chosen because it seemed liked the best song suited for a summer release. In May 2005, her debut single, “Pon de Replay”, was released which charted successfully worldwide, peaking in the top five in fifteen countries, including at number two on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart and the UK Singles Chart. The song became a big club hit in the United States, peaking at number-one on the Billboard Dance Club Songs.

Music of the Sun, was released in August 2005. It debuted at number ten on the Billboard 200 and received a gold certification from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), denoting shipments of over 500,000 units. The album sold over two million copies worldwide. A second single, “If It’s Lovin’ that You Want”, was not as successful as its predecessor, but reached the top ten in Australia, Ireland, and New Zealand. Aside from her work in music, Rihanna made her acting debut in a cameo role in the straight-to-DVD film Bring It On: All or Nothing, released in August 2006.

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Rihanna performing at the KIIS-FM Jingle Ball, December 2006
A month after the release of her debut album, Rihanna began working on her second studio album. A Girl like Me was released in April 2006. Rolling Stone felt that “the burning rock guitar of “Kisses Don’t Lie” and haunted strings of “Unfaithful” help make “A Girl like Me much more likable.” The album was a commercial success, charting in the top ten in thirteen countries. The album reached number one in Canada and number five in the United Kingdom and United States, where it sold 115,000 copies its first week. The album became her first to be certified platinum by the RIAA, after selling of over 1,000,000 units. Its lead single, “SOS”, was an international success, charting in the top five in eleven countries. The song reached number one on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 and in Australia, her first to reach this chart position. “Unfaithful”, the album’s second single, reached the top ten in eighteen countries, including number one in Canada and Switzerland. Two more singles were released from the album: “We Ride” and “Break It Off”.

2007–2009: Good Girl Gone Bad and Rated R
In early 2007, Rihanna began work on her third studio album Good Girl Gone Bad. With the help of producers Timbaland, Tricky Stewart and Sean Garrett, she embraced a new musical direction through uptempo dance tracks. Released in May 2007, the album charted at number two in Australia and the US and topped the charts in multiple countries, including Brazil, Canada, Ireland, and the UK. The album received the most positive critical reviews of her first three albums. The lead single, “Umbrella”, topped the charts in thirteen countries and remained number one in the UK for ten consecutive weeks, the longest-running number one single since Wet Wet Wet’s single “Love Is All Around” spent fifteen weeks at the top in 1994. It was Rihanna’s first single to be named one of the best-selling singles worldwide, with sales of over 6.6 million copies. The songs “Shut Up and Drive”, “Hate That I Love You” featuring Ne-Yo, and “Don’t Stop the Music” were also released as singles, with the latter becoming an international hit. In support of the album, she began the Good Girl Gone Bad Tour in September 2007, with 80 shows across the US, Canada, and Europe. Rihanna was nominated for several 2008 Grammy Awards, winning Best Rap/Sung Collaboration for “Umbrella” alongside Jay-Z, her first Grammy Award.

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Rihanna performing at the Brisbane Entertainment Centre, 2008
During the late 2000s, Rihanna began experimenting with pop, dubstep and rock music while shifting her musical style and image away from the Barbados island girl. Throughout 2008, Rihanna performed on the Glow in the Dark Tour alongside Kanye West, Lupe Fiasco, and N.E.R.D. Her third studio album’s reissue, Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded, was released in June 2008 with three new songs: “Disturbia”, “Take a Bow”, and the Maroon 5 duet “If I Never See Your Face Again”. All three were released as singles and charted highly, reaching peak positions worldwide. In August 2008, Rihanna and a host of other female singers, recorded the charity single “Just Stand Up!”, the theme song to the anti-cancer campaign Stand Up to Cancer.

“Live Your Life”, a duet between T.I. and Rihanna, released that November, and topped the Billboard Hot 100. A remix album, Good Girl Gone Bad: The Remixes, was released in January 2009. Good Girl Gone Bad has sold over 2.8 million units in the United States alone, receiving a two-times-platinum certification from the RIAA. It is Rihanna’s best-selling album in the country to date. The album has sold over seven million copies worldwide. By late 2008, Rihanna remained on the charts with her eighth single, “Rehab” and was named “Diva of the Year” by Entertainment Weekly for her “newfound staying power”.

On February 8, 2009, Rihanna’s scheduled performance at the 51st Annual Grammy Awards was cancelled. Reports surfaced that then-boyfriend, singer Chris Brown had physically assaulted her. He was arrested on suspicion of making criminal threats. On March 5, 2009, Brown was charged with assault and making criminal threats. A leaked photograph from the police department obtained by TMZ.com revealed that Rihanna had sustained visible injuries.

In early 2009, Rihanna began working on her fourth studio album, Rated R. Rated R was released in November 2009 with Rolling Stone stating that Rihanna “transformed her sound and made one of the best pop records of the year”. Rated R featured a darker and more foreboding tone than Rihanna’s previous albums. Rated R debuted at number four on the US Billboard 200 chart, with first-week sales of 181,000 copies in the United States, giving Rihanna her highest first-week sales in the US at that time. The album was supported by six singles including “Rude Boy”, which was the biggest worldwide success from the album, topping the US Billboard Hot 100 for six weeks and reaching top ten positions in twenty-two other countries.

2010–2011: Loud and Talk That Talk
In summer 2010, Rihanna collaborated with rapper Eminem on “Love the Way You Lie”, which was a major worldwide success, reaching number one in over twenty countries. The song was Rihanna’s seventh US number one of her career, making her the female artist with the fifth-most number ones in the chart’s history. Reaching number two, the song became the biggest-selling song of 2010 in the UK, and the first of Rihanna’s singles to sell over one million copies in the country. She also lent her vocals to “All of the Lights”, a single from Kanye West’s album, My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy, alongside John Legend, The-Dream, Elly Jackson, Alicia Keys, Fergie, Kid Cudi, and Elton John. In October 2010, Rihanna switched managers, joining Jay-Z’s Roc Nation Management.

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Rihanna at the Target Center performing on her Loud Tour, June 2011
Loud, Rihanna’s fifth studio album, was released in November 2010. Its lead single, “Only Girl (In the World)”, reached number one in fifteen countries, including the United Kingdom and the United States The album’s second single, “What’s My Name?”, featuring rapper Drake, also reached number one in the US and UK. The third single, “S&M”, reached number one on the Hot 100 following the release of its official remix featuring Britney Spears, becoming her tenth number one single. Rihanna set a record as the solo artist with the fastest accumulation of ten chart toppers.

At the 53rd Grammy Awards, “Only Girl (In the World)” won the award for Best Dance Recording. “Man Down” and “California King Bed” were released as singles in May 2011 with moderate success. “Cheers (Drink to That)”, which interpolates Avril Lavigne’s 2002 single “I’m with You”, was released as the sixth and final single from the album, reaching the top twenty in the UK and the top ten in the US. To promote the album, Rihanna embarked on her Loud Tour in June 2011, which sold out ten nights at The O2 Arena in London, the most sold out shows for a female artist in the venue’s history. The tour was the seventh highest grossing tour worldwide of 2011.

Rihanna’s sixth album, Talk That Talk, was released in November 2011. The album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200 with sales of 198,000 copies and number one in the UK, selling 163,000 copies. The lead single, “We Found Love”, topped charts in twenty-seven countries worldwide, peaking in the top ten in thirty countries and breaking many records worldwide. It topped the Billboard Hot 100 for ten non-consecutive weeks, becoming Rihanna’s longest-running number one single and the longest-running number one of 2011. The song was later named the 24th biggest hit of all time on the Billboard Hot 100.”You Da One” and the title track featuring Jay-Z were released as the second and third singles from the album to moderate success. “Where Have You Been”, the fifth single, successfully charted worldwide, reaching number five in the US and six in the UK. “Cockiness (Love It)” was released as the album’s sixth and final single in a remixed form featuring rapper ASAP Rocky.

2012–2014: Battleship and Unapologetic
In early 2012, two collaborations featuring Rihanna were released: Coldplay’s “Princess of China” from the album Mylo Xyloto and Drake’s “Take Care” from his album of the same name. In February 2012, Rihanna won her third Grammy Award for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration at the 2012 Grammy Awards, and was voted the Best International Female Solo Artist at the 2012 BRIT Awards for the second consecutive year. March 2012 saw the simultaneous release of collaborations between Rihanna and Chris Brown: remixes of her song “Birthday Cake” and his “Turn Up the Music”. The recordings received mainly negative responses due to the pair’s history of domestic violence. In September 2012, “We Found Love” won the MTV Video Music Award for Video of the Year, making Rihanna the first woman to receive the accolade more than once.

Rihanna starred as Petty Officer (GM2) Cora Raikes in her first theatrical feature film Battleship, which was released on May 18, 2012. Loosely based on the game of the same name, both the film and Rihanna’s performance received mixed-to-negative reviews; The New York Times said she was “just fine in the rather generic role”. On August 19, 2012, Rihanna appeared in the first episode of the second season of Oprah Winfrey’s American prime time television show Oprah’s Next Chapter. The episode scored the second-highest ratings in the history of the Oprah Winfrey Network.

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Rihanna in Canada, performing on her Diamonds World Tour (2013)
Rihanna’s seventh studio album, Unapologetic, was released in November 2012. In the United States, the album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 with sales of 238,000, marking Rihanna’s first number one album in the country. The album was Rihanna’s third consecutive number one album in the United Kingdom and fifth in Switzerland. The lead single from the album, “Diamonds”, reached number one in more than twenty countries worldwide, including on the US Billboard Hot 100, her twelfth number one on the chart. The album’s second single, “Stay”, featuring Mikky Ekko, reached the top five in over twenty countries, including number three on the Billboard Hot 100. As promotion prior to the album’s release, Rihanna embarked on the 777 Tour, a mini tour of seven shows in seven countries in seven days.

In February 2013 at the 55th Grammy Awards, Rihanna won her sixth Grammy Award, in the category Best Short Form Music Video for “We Found Love” (2011). Also that month, the Official Charts Company announced that Rihanna had sold 3,868,000 records in the past year in the UK alone, ranking at number one in the list of 2013 BRIT Awards artist nominees. Rihanna’s fifth headlining concert tour, the Diamonds World Tour, began in March 2013 in support of Unapologetic. Rihanna appeared in the Seth Rogen and Evan Goldberg comedy film This Is the End, released in June 2013. That same month, American hip hop artist Wale released a remixed version of his single “Bad” featuring Rihanna.

In October 2013, Eminem released his Rihanna-assisted single, “The Monster”, the fourth release from his eighth studio album The Marshall Mathers LP 2 (2013). With the song entering the UK Singles Chart at number one, Rihanna joined Elvis Presley and The Beatles as just one of three acts to have scored a number one single each year over seven consecutive years in the chart’s history. The song also peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100, which marked Rihanna’s thirteenth chart topper. Rihanna appeared on Shakira’s single, “Can’t Remember to Forget You”, which was released in January, 2014.

2015–present: Anti and acting career
Following the release of Unapologetic and its accompanying tour, Rihanna aimed to take a hiatus from recording music stating; “I wanted to have a year to just do whatever I want artistically, creatively.” In January 2014, Rihanna began working on her eighth studio album. In May 2014, Rihanna left Def Jam to sign fully with Roc Nation, who had managed her career since October 2010. A year after Rihanna began working on the album she released the single, “FourFiveSeconds”, featuring Kanye West and Paul McCartney. Two further singles followed its release: “Bitch Better Have My Money” and “American Oxygen”; both did not make the final track listing for her eighth studio album. In March 2015, Rihanna released a concept album based around the 3D animated film Home, which she starred in, alongside Jim Parsons, Steve Martin and Jennifer Lopez. “Towards the Sun” was released as the first single from the album.

In late 2015, inked a $25 million contract with Samsung that would see Rihanna promoting Samsung’s Galaxy line of products whilst Samsung would sponsor the release of Anti and its supporting tour. The Anti World Tour was announced in November 2015 and began in March 2016, with Travis Scott supporting in North America, and The Weeknd and Big Sean supporting at selected European dates. On January 28, 2016, Rihanna released her eighth studio album Anti exclusively through streaming service Tidal. The album peaked at number one on the US Billboard 200, becoming Rihanna’s second number one and eighth top ten album on the chart. The album was supported by the release of four singles including the lead single “Work” featuring Drake, which topped the Billboard Hot 100. Further platinum singles “Needed Me” reached number seven on the chart, whilst “Love on the Brain” charted at number 13.

In 2016, Rihanna was featured on several singles. The first collaboration was Calvin Harris’ “This Is What You Came For,” which reached number three on the Billboard Hot 100 and number two in the United Kingdom. Rihanna was also featured on Drake’s “Too Good” from his album Views and Mike Will Made It’s single, “Nothing Is Promised”. On June 27, 2016, Rihanna released “Sledgehammer”, the lead single from the Star Trek Beyond soundtrack. On August 28, Rihanna was honored with the MTV Video Vanguard Award at the 2016 MTV Video Music Awards.

Upcoming projects
In 2015, it was announced that she would have a major role in the upcoming Luc Besson film, Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets, an adaptation of the comic book series Valérian and Laureline, which is scheduled for a 2017 release. In August 2016, Rihanna joined the all-female spin-off of the Ocean’s Eleven franchise, called Ocean’s Eight directed by Gary Ross, opposite Sandra Bullock, Cate Blanchett, Helena Bonham Carter, Mindy Kaling, Anne Hathaway and Awkwafina. She is set to play the role of Marion Crane in the fifth and final season of Bates Motel.

Artistry

Music and voice
Rihanna possesses a mezzo-soprano vocal range of three octaves and two notes. While recording tracks for her third studio album, Good Girl Gone Bad (2007), Rihanna took vocal lessons from Ne-Yo. Speaking of the experience she stated, “I’ve never had vocal training, so when I’m in the studio, he’ll tell me how to breathe and stuff… He’ll call out these big fancy words: ‘OK, I want you to do staccato.’ And I’m like, ‘OK, I don’t know what that is.'” Her vocal performance on Loud (2010) received positive reviews from music critics. James Skinner from BBC praised Rihanna’s vocals on the song “Love the Way You Lie (Part II)” and wrote that her voice is powerful and that “it is Rihanna’s vocal – at once commanding, soulful and vulnerable – that anchors the song, and Loud itself”. Andy Gill from The Independent feels that “California King Bed” features her best vocal performance. In a review of Unapologetic, Billboard magazine wrote, “Diamonds finds Rihanna doing one of her throatiest, most impassioned vocals to date, on this inspirational pop ballad.” Jon Caramanica of The New York Times stated, “over the years, as her game face froze in place, her voice cured into a weapon of emotional chill and strategic indifference. It’s decidedly unfriendly, made to give orders”.
“Pon de Replay”

“Pon de Replay” is infused with a reggae style using a mixture of dance-pop and R&B. Lyrically, the song is about Rihanna asking the DJ to play her favorite song repeatedly.
“Umbrella”

One of Rihanna’s signature songs, “Umbrella” is a pop and R&B song with lyrics about a romantic and platonic relationship. The song became a major breakthrough in her career.
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Rihanna’s music has encompassed a broad range of genres; including dancehall, reggae and soca, as well as pop, R&B, dubstep, hip hop and electronic dance music. Some of her songs are also inspired through record sampling from other artists. With its provocative subject matter and lyrics, her musical career has been an experiment with new musical ideas and stated that she wants “to make music that could be heard in parts of the world that I’d never been to”. Growing up in Barbados, she wasn’t exposed to a lot of music, mainly reggae, hip-hop, and soca music. At the time of her debut, she recorded songs that were inspired by her Caribbean roots and described her early sound as “a fusion of reggae, hip-hop and R&B, with a little something different thrown in”. Her early dancehall roots can be found on her debut album, Music of the Sun (2005), and its follow-up, A Girl like Me (2006). When she moved to the United States, she became exposed to a lot of American music “rock being one of them, and I fell in love with it. [Now] I love rock music.”

Music of the Sun demonstrates the influence of Rihanna’s musical heritage of the Caribbean. Kelefa Sanneh of The New York Times complimented its combination of dancehall and reggae, who said, “Dancehall reggae sometimes seems like a furiously insular form of music, but … Rihanna is only the latest singer to discover how versatile the genre’s spring-loaded electronic rhythms can be”. Her debut single, “Pon de Replay” features a dancehall-pop mixture that infuses a reggae style, while “If It’s Lovin’ that You Want” talks about a girl seducing a guy to be her boyfriend. Aiming for artistic growth, A Girl like Me expresses personal experiences that typical 18-year-old girls go through with ballads that were described as elegant and mature. During a review for Good Girl Gone Bad (2007), Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine to write that Rihanna “finally figured out that she’s a dance artist and the majority of the album is comprised of uptempo dance-pop” songs like “Push Up On Me” and “Don’t Stop the Music”. It represents a departure from the Caribbean sound of her previous albums, and is described as a turning point in her career. While the first half of the record shares a lot of 1980s pop influences with songs like “Don’t Stop the Music” and “Shut Up and Drive”, the second half retreats into standard R&B.

Recorded after the assault by her then-boyfriend, Chris Brown, Rated R (2009) had a much darker tone and was filled with various emotions she experienced throughout 2009. In Loud (2010), Rihanna reflects on the fun and energetic vibe she had while recording the album. The album is a mixture of ballads, party anthems, and empowering love songs. Talk That Talk (2011) was similar to Rated R, as both contain hip hop, R&B, dancehall, and dubstep genres. Loud and Talk That Talk saw her explore sexuality in her work (“S&M” and “Birthday Cake”) and return to her dancehall roots (“Man Down” and “Watch n’ Learn”). She also branched out into house music with tracks like “We Found Love”, “Only Girl (In the World)” and “Complicated.”

Influences
Bob Marley playing guitar
Madonna performing

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Bob Marley (left) and Madonna (right) both significantly influenced Rihanna and her music
Rihanna has named Madonna as her idol and biggest influence. She said that she wanted to be the “black Madonna” and praised the singer for being able to constantly reinvent herself successfully throughout her career. “I think that Madonna was a great inspiration for me, especially on my earlier work. If I had to examine her evolution through time, I think she reinvented her clothing style and music with success every single time. And at the same time remained a real force in entertainment in the whole world.” Another major influence on Rihanna’s music and career has been Mariah Carey, whose song “Hero” she performed when Rihanna was still a teenager at her high school talent show. She revealed that Carey’s song “Vision of Love” “was the song that made [her] want to do music” and that “everything Mariah did, [she] would try to do.” She grew up watching videos of reggae legend Bob Marley on television because that’s what they would play in the Caribbean. She stated, “He’s one of my favourite artists of all time – he really paved the way for every other artist out of the Caribbean”. She built a shrine in her home dedicated to the reggae legend and has covered Marley’s “Is This Love” and Bob Marley & The Wailers’ “Redemption Song” during her concert tours.

During her childhood, she would go around singing Whitney Houston songs and “A Whole New World” into her hairbrush so much that her neighbors started calling her “Robyn Redbreast”. She also stated that one of the first songs she remembers falling in love with was Houston’s version of “I Will Always Love You” and that it “was really inspiring, and it made me develop a passion for music, so really, she’s partly responsible for me being here in this industry.” Rihanna commented that Janet Jackson “was one of the first female pop icons that I could relate to” and that late R&B singer Aaliyah has a huge impact on her style and also complimented on the singers artistry as well. Watching Beyoncé on television with Destiny’s Child also inspired Rihanna’s musical career, who was chosen along with R&B recording artists Amerie and Teairra Marí, to give a tribute performance to the female group at the 2005 World Music Awards. Other musical influences and idols include Celine Dion, Grace Jones, Alicia Keys, Prince, Fefe Dobson, and Brandy.

Rihanna takes influence from the different types of music she discovered when she came to America and revealed that rock music was one of the first genres she fell in love with. She commented, “as I grow older, I want to know more about music. I want to discover more types of music”. She cited Brandy’s fourth studio album, Afrodisiac (2004), as her main inspiration for her third album, Good Girl Gone Bad (2007). In her early career, her music contained strong influences of Caribbean music, including reggae and dancehall. The music video of the song “Rude Boy” featured images inspired by her Caribbean roots.

Videos and stage
Rihanna has worked with music video director Anthony Mandler on more than a dozen music videos, the first being “Unfaithful” (2006). “We’ve done 16 videos together; they’re not all tough, […] Yeah, I mean, I’m known for the ‘Disturbia’s and the ‘Russian Roulette’s and things like that, but ‘Only Girl (In the World)’ is certainly an ethereal kind of empowering, beauty-filled video,” Mandler said.[199] Jocelyn Vena of MTV wrote, “Rihanna, like Madonna, also has a tendency to make truly thought-provoking music videos that fit the songs they represent. Smattered in between glitzier, more glamorous clips, Madge and Ri want us to think about bigger issues”. Jon Bream of the Star Tribune commented “[i]n the tradition of Madonna and Janet Jackson, Rihanna has become the video vixen of the ’00s … Rihanna has perfected the pout, the long-legged strut and trend-setting hairdos that keep women and men alike checking her out on YouTube.” George Epaminondas of InStyle considers Rihanna’s music videos to be “cinematic” due to her “blend of lush island rhythms and swinging pop and … mischievous sensuality.” Tamar Anitai from MTV Buzzworthy listed “Disturbia” at number five on the “Buzzworthy’s Top 5 Most Paranoid Music Videos” and said that “Paranoia never looked so supernaturally sexy!”.

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Rihanna performing at the Kollen Music Festival, June 2012
Many of her music videos were shot as short films exploring issues such as love triangles, abuse, and substance abuse romance, including “We Found Love” and “Man Down”. Her music video for “Umbrella” shows Rihanna’s transition into adulthood and her newly adopted image. The “dark, creepy” scenes of “Disturbia” have been compared to Michael Jackson’s Thriller. The video for “Russian Roulette” features Rihanna in a padded room playing a game of russian roulette with her partner. A scene of Rihanna being approached by a speeding car at night was compared to the altercation with Chris Brown. The Caribbean-inspired music video for “Rude Boy” was compared to rapper M.I.A.’s video “Boyz” by many critics for its colorful aesthetic similarities. In 2011, she released three controversial music videos about sadomasochism, rape, and domestic violence. “Man Down”, which features Rihanna shooting a man in a train station, was criticized by the Parents Television Council. “We Found Love”, which shows Rihanna and her love interest in a drug-filled unhealthy relationship, sparked criticism from the Rape Crisis Centre for its inappropriate message. But Charne Graham of the Houston Press defended the singer, asking, “Why should Rihanna’s music videos get everyone riled up when others’ equally sexual and controversial videos are in rotation? […] she just like[s] to make music videos that give us something to talk about.” She is the first woman to pass two billion cumulative views on the music video website VEVO. As of December 2016, she has accumulated over 10 billion views on the site.

Denis Armstrong of Canadian Online Explorer commented on her performance at the Ottawa Bluesfest, saying “her show was a Disney-esque choreographed fantasy of non-stop hip-swiveling, sassy attitude and personal endearments and a string of funky, sugar-free hits.” Her performance of “Disturbia” at the 2008 MTV Video Music Awards was ranked tenth best on the MTV Video Music Awards, according to a Billboard poll. Her revealing leather costumes during her Good Girl Gone Bad Tour were highly criticized by Malaysia’s conservative Islamic party, who recommended that her concert tour should be banned. Whilst commenting on her third album’s accompanying tour, The Times compared Rihanna’s stage wardrobe styling to that of Janet Jackson and called her “a vision of Ann Summers couture in thigh-high boots and a few scraps of black PVC.” In the October 2011 issue of British Vogue, Rihanna said her performance outfits and appearances are all an act; “[t]hat’s not me. That’s a part I play. You know, like it’s a piece of art, with all these toys and textures to play with”.

Image

Public profile
Known for reinventing her style and image, Rihanna’s music and fashion sense are noted by the media. In 2009, New York magazine described Rihanna’s early look as that of a cookie-cutter teen queen, noting she has the ability to shift looks dramatically and with great ease. Around the time of the release of her second studio album, A Girl like Me (2006), many critics felt that Rihanna’s style, sound, and musical material were too similar to those of Beyoncé. In an interview with Look magazine, Rihanna spoke about comparisons to Beyonce: “Beyoncé is a great artist and I feel honored to be mentioned in the same sentence, but we’re different performers with different styles”. She revealed during Oprah’s Next Chapter that Def Jam’s pop-princess blueprint made her feel claustrophobic during her early years with the label. According to Rihanna, “I felt like they were giving me a blueprint. […] They had a brand, they had an idea of what they wanted me to be without figuring out who I was.” With the release of her third album, Good Girl Gone Bad (2007), Rihanna dismissed her innocent image for an edgier look with a new hairstyle, which was inspired by Charlize Theron’s bob cut in the science fiction thriller Æon Flux (2005). She followed the likes of recording artists Janet Jackson and Christina Aguilera who also shed their innocent image for an edgier look and sound.

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Rihanna at the American Music Awards in November 2009

Rihanna at the Battleship premiere in April 2012
Nico Amarca of Highsnobiety magazine wrote “over the course of her now 10-year career, [Rihanna] has undergone one of the most significant aesthetic metamorphoses the world has ever seen”. Her image and fashion has changed several times with different hairstyles since the release of her third album. She commented that as a child she “used to watch her [mother] get dressed” and that her love and admiration for fashion started with her mom. When putting together her own wardrobe she stated, “It’s become more about taking a risk … I always look for the most interesting silhouette or something that’s a little off.” Jess Cartner-Morley of The Guardian wrote that “Rihanna’s wardrobe is the most talked-about, influential and dissected in pop right now” and that whatever she wears “is immediately reproduced on the high street, because it sells”. Country singer Miranda Lambert admires Rihanna’s fashion and style stating, “I don’t necessarily get inspired by the whole no-bra thing, but I love that you never know what she’s going to wear. It always keeps you guessing, which makes her sassy and interesting.”

In an interview with Alexa Chung during Vogue Festival 2015, Balmain designer Olivier Rousteing praised Rihanna by stylistically comparing her to some of the biggest fashion icons in music history, such as Madonna, David Bowie, Michael Jackson, and Prince. Commenting on the cultural expectation for pop stars to be role models, she said “[being a role model] became more of my job than I wanted it to be. But no, I just want to make music. That’s it”. In a May 2013 interview with MTV, The Vagina Monologues writer and feminist Eve Ensler praised the singer, saying, “I’m a huge Rihanna fan, I think she has a kind of agency over her sexuality and she’s open about her sexuality, she has enormous grace and she’s immensely talented.”

Appearance
Described as one of the sexiest woman of her generation, she revealed that being a sex symbol is not a priority and that “it’s definitely flattering, but also uncomfortable.” Emily Hewett from Metro wrote, “Rihanna is quite possibly [the] most sexiest woman in the world. The 25-year-old songbird can grind like no other, pull off a provocative pose better than a Playboy pro.” Her appearance has landed her on the cover of magazines such as Maxim, FHM, Rolling Stone and GQ. She has appeared in the top ten on Maxim’s Hot 100 list and on FHM’s “100 Sexiest Women in the World” several times. In 2007, she was tagged Venus Breeze’s “Celebrity Legs of a Goddess” by Gillette, and was ranked second on People magazine’s list of “10 Best Dressed Stars” the following year.

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Rihanna performing on her Loud Tour in June 2011.
In 2009, Glamour ranked her at number 17 on the 50 Most Glamorous Women and Esquire named her the Sexiest Woman Alive of 2011. In December 2012, Rihanna became the first woman to be featured on the cover of GQ magazine’s “Men of the Year” issue and ranked fifth on Complex list of “100 Hottest Female Singers of All Time”. The following year, VH1 placed Rihanna second on their list of “100 Sexiest Artists”.

Rihanna is well known for having a wide collection of small tattoos around her body. The 21 in total include two musical notes on the front of her ankle (now covered), a skull with a pink hair bow on the back of her ankle, a Pisces sign behind her right ear, a Sanskrit prayer going down her hip, a star in her left ear, the word “love” on her left middle finger, an Arabic phrase meaning “Freedom in Christ” on her ribcage area, a trail of stars going down the back of her neck, the phrase “shhh…” on her right index finger, the date 11.4.86 in Roman numerals on top of her left shoulder, a henna-style tribal dragon claw including hibiscus flowers inside her right hand/wrist, and a handgun under her right armpit. A gun tattoo was planned to be placed just below her shoulders but was ultimately located on her rib cage. In late 2009, Rihanna had the phrase, “Never a failure, always a lesson” inked onto her chest backwards as she wanted to be able to read it in the mirror; it is her “motto in life for everything”. In mid-2010, the phrase “rebelle fleur” was tattooed onto the singer’s neck. In 2012, a Christian cross was tattooed on her collarbone, the word “lover” in Tibetan above her left buttock. Rihanna covered the music notes on her ankle with a gun-shaped Egyptian falcon design. As a tribute to her late grandmother, Dolly, the singer had the Egyptian goddess, Isis, inked on her chest. In 2013, she had the Ancient Egyptian Queen Nefertiti tattooed on the side of her left rib cage. In 2015, Rihanna had “1988” (her year of birth) inked above her right ankle. In 2016, whilst with Drake in Miami, she had a shark inked above her left ankle. Drake had the same tattoo inked on his right forearm.

Legacy

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Rihanna during her Loud Tour in Belfast, September 2011
Rihanna’s first albums established her as a “Pop/R&B Princess” by music critics; Nick Levine of Digital Spy described her third studio album Good Girl Gone Bad, as “the closest thing to a Thriller that 2007/08 is likely to produce”. Her single “Umbrella”, famous for its “ella ella” hook, is considered by Rolling Stone to be one of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. Her 2011 single “We Found Love” was ranked by Billboard as the 24th biggest US Billboard Hot 100 hit of all time. The music video won a Grammy as Best Short Form Music Video and MTV’s Video of the Year.

Time magazine included Rihanna on its 100 Most Influential People in the World issue in 2012. Stella McCartney writes “She’s one of the coolest, hottest, most talented, most liked, most listened to, most followed, most impressive artists at work today, but she does it in her own stride. She works hard, very hard. She gives to her fans, friends and foundation not just herself but her energy and spirit.”  On June 2, 2014, Rihanna was presented with Fashion Icon lifetime achievement award from Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA), a special prize reserved for “an individual whose style has made a significant impact on popular culture on an international stage”. In August 2013, Rihanna is placed at number 13 on Billboard’s “Greatest Of All Time Hot 100 Artists” list, being its highest ranking newcomer. Billboard also ranked Rihanna the top Hot 100 artist of the 2010s decade. In 2014, Time magazine’s pop stardom ranking metric, ranked Rihanna second in history, based on all-time chart performance and contemporary significance.

Rihanna’s work has directly influenced a number of contemporary artists such as Little Mix, Selena Gomez, Justin Bieber, Ellie Goulding, Tegan and Sara, Jessie J, Cover Drive, Fifth Harmony, Demi Lovato, Alexandra Stan, Grimes, Cher Lloyd and Willow Smith. Rihanna has an honorary title of Ambassador for Culture and Youth in Barbados. Additionally, Rihanna has become a dominating figure in social media and internet streaming, ranking at number one on Forbes’ 2012 list of Social Networking Superstars. In 2013, Rihanna was also named the most influential pop star in the United Kingdom by UK channel 4Music.

In February 22, 2008, former Barbados Prime Minister, David Thompson, launched the national “Rihanna Day” in their country. Although it is not a bank holiday, Barbadians celebrate it every year to honor Rihanna’s success in the music industry.

Achievements

Rihanna has received numerous awards throughout her career such as 8 Grammy Awards, 12 Billboard Music Awards, 12 American Music Awards, 8 People’s Choice Awards, among others. Rihanna received the “Icon Award” at the 2013 American Music Awards and the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award at the 2016 MTV Video Music Awards. She has sold over 200 million records worldwide, making her one of the best-selling music artists of all time. In the United States, Rihanna has sold over 10 million albums, while Nielsen SoundScan ranked her as the best-selling digital artist in the country, breaking a Guinness World Record for digital single sales of over 58 million as of 2012. On July 1, 2015 the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) announced that Rihanna had surpassed more than 100 million Gold & Platinum song certifications. In doing so Rihanna has the most digital single awards and is the first and only artist to surpass RIAA’s 100 million cumulative singles award threshold. In the United Kingdom, she has sold over 7 million albums making her 3rd best selling female this century.

Rihanna has accumulated fourteen number-one singles on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart for the third most number ones in the chart’s history. She has been named the top Mainstream Top 40 chart artist of the past twenty years by Billboard; she ranks first with most entries (36), most top tens (23), and most number ones (10). As of March 2014, Rihanna has sold over 18 million singles and six million albums in the United Kingdom. She is the tenth best-selling and the second best-selling female singles artist in the country, only behind Madonna and is second only to The Beatles for the most million-selling singles in the UK of all time. Her collaboration with Eminem, “Love the Way You Lie”, together with “Umbrella”, “Disturbia”, “Only Girl (In the World)”, “We Found Love”, and “Diamonds”, are some of the best-selling singles of all time worldwide. According to Billboard, her total album sales stand at 54 million copies sold worldwide. On 7th of February 2017, Rihanna surpasses Elvis Pressly as the Best-Selling Solo Artist of All-Time with record of 213.3 million album sales with just 12 albums released.

Other ventures

Endorsements
Rihanna has ventured into other businesses and industries. In October 2005, Rihanna struck an endorsement deal (her first of many) with Secret Body Spray. In 2010, Rihanna featured in the Optus commercial, in conjunction with Optus supporting Rihanna’s Last Girl on Earth Tour. The same year Rihanna also featured in the Kodak commercial along with rapper Pitbull. In October 2010, the singer released an eponymous book. The book, featured photos from Rihanna’s Last Girl on Earth Tour and served as an accompaniment to her fourth studio album Rated R (2009). Rihanna’s first fragrance, “Reb’l Fleur”, was released in January 2011. The product became highly successful, according to Rolling Stone, Reb’l Fleur was a financial success and was expected to gross US$80 million at retail by the end of 2011. In 2011, Nivea celebrated its “100 Years of Skincare” festivities which featured several performances from Rihanna.[315] Rihanna’s song “California King Bed” was featured as a part of the “100 Years of Skincare” commercial campaign. Rihanna also became the face of Vita Coco in 2011.

Rihanna’s second fragrance, “Rebelle”, was released in February 2012. The promotional campaign for Rebelle, was shot by director, Anthony Mandler, who also shot the promotional campaign for Reb’l Fleur. In November 2012, Rihanna released her third fragrance, “Nude”. In 2013, the singer collaborated with MAC Cosmetics and released her own summer, fall and holiday lines of makeup called “RiRi hearts MAC”. In July 2013, lager production company Budweiser announced that Rihanna had become a part of their global “Made For Music” campaign, also co-starring Jay-Z. A commercial video was released featuring the singer and song “Right Now”.Rihanna’s fourth women’s fragrance, titled Rogue was released on September 14, 2013. The singer announces to release a men’s version the following year. It was announced on August 1, 2014 that September 2014 will see the release Rihanna’s first fragrance for men, “Rogue Man”. Also in July 2015, she announced her latest fragrance, RiRi by Rihanna. The scent features notes of passion fruit extract, rum absolute, sparkling cassis, and Italian mandarin and arrive at retailers in September 2015.

Business endeavours
On March 30, 2015, it was announced that Rihanna is a co-owner, with various other music artists, in the music streaming service Tidal. The service specialises in lossless audio and high definition music videos. Jay Z acquired the parent company of Tidal, Aspiro, in the first quarter of 2015. Including Beyoncé and Jay-Z, sixteen artist stakeholders (such as Kanye West, Beyoncé, Madonna, Chris Martin, Nicki Minaj and more) co-own Tidal, with the majority owning a 3% equity stake. “The challenge is to get everyone to respect music again, to recognize its value”, stated Jay-Z on the release of Tidal.

In November 2015, Rihanna and Benoit Demouy launched a beauty and stylist agency named Fr8me. The business based in Los Angeles was set up in order to assist artists in booking commercials, editorial shoots, ad campaigns, and red-carpet appearances. Speaking on the venture Rihanna stated “Hair, makeup and styling play an important role in creativity, I am very involved with that part of my process, so this agency was an organic thing for me to do.” The roster includes Rihanna’s makeup artist Mylah Morales, wardrobe stylist Jason Bolden, hairstylist Patricia Morales, and Marcia Hamilton. In addition to Fr8me, Rihanna opened a photo agency called “A Dog Ate My Homework”, which represents photographers Erik Asla and Deborah Anderson.

Under her PUMA collection, she released the “Puma Creepers”. Then in 2016, she released the PUMA Fenty Trainer, which premiered in red, white, and black, and then was scheduled to release in a grey “Quarry” colorway at midnight on June 14 via Packer Shoes; they sold for $180. The “Fenty Trainers” were available on June 15 in-store at both Packer Shoes locations.

Fashion
The singer’s first fashion range, for Armani, became available in November 2011. Rihanna’s 2010 song “Skin” was used in the Armani Jeans and Emporio Armani Underwear adds. Her first television program, Styled to Rock, premiered in the UK in August 2012 on Sky Living. In the ten-week series, Rihanna, Nicola Roberts, Lysa Cooper, and Henry Holland assist up-and-coming British designers with their clothing lines. In February 2013, Rihanna presented her first women’s spring fashion collection at London Fashion Week for British street fashion brand River Island, collaborating with her personal stylist Adam Selman. They published two more collections for the brand, a summer edition released on May 25, 2013 and an autumn edition released on September 10, 2013. The fourth and last collection for River Island, the winter edition was released on November 7, 2013. Meanwhile, the US version of Styled to Rock premiered on October 25, 2013 on Bravo.

In December 2013, it was announced that Rihanna is set to be the new face of the forthcoming spring/summer 2014 campaign — due to appear in magazines from January — of the French fashion house Balmain. On June 2, 2014, Rihanna “will receive the Fashion Icon Award at the 2014 Council of Fashion Designers of America Fashion Awards” at the Lincoln Center’s Alice Tully Hall. and said regarding it “Fashion has always been my defense mechanism”. In December 2014, it was announced that Rihanna would become the creative director of the fashion sportswear Puma, overseeing the brand’s women’s line which will include collaborations in apparel and footwear.

In March 2015, it was announced that Rihanna was chosen as the new face of Dior; this makes her the first black woman to be the face of Dior. In July 2015, Rihanna announced that she would design multiple seasons of a signature women’s collection of socks in a multi-year partnership with Stance. The first release included two limited-edition styles in a print called “Murder Rih Wrote,” with further designs to follow. In March 2016, Rihanna teamed up with Manolo Blahnik for an all denim shoe line. She has collaborated with luxury fashion Label Dior to create a line of futuristic sunglasses she debuted on instagram. It is simply called “Rihanna.” Mexican singer Becky G has stated Rihanna is one of style icons to Latina magazine.

Philanthropy

In 2006, she created her Believe Foundation to help terminally ill children. In 2007, Rihanna was named as one of the Cartier Love Charity Bracelet Ambassadors, with each celebrity representing a different global charity. To help raise awareness and combat HIV/AIDS, Rihanna and other public figures designed clothing for the February 2008 H&M Fashion Against AIDS line.

In 2008, Rihanna performed a series of charity concerts entitled A Girl’s Night Out to benefit the Believe Foundation. The concerts were made free for the public. Money from sponsors and advertisers were to be donated to provide medical supplies, school supplies and toys to children in need. In September 2008, Rihanna contributed to the song “Just Stand Up!” with fifteen other female artists, who shared the stage to perform the song live on September 5, 2008, during the “Stand Up to Cancer” television special. The proceeds from the single were given to the fundraiser. The television special helped raise $100 million for cancer research.

Rihanna founded the Clara Lionel Foundation (CLF) in 2012, in honor of her grandparents, Clara and Lionel Braithwaite. Current programs include the Clara Braithwaite Center for Oncology and Nuclear Medicine at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Barbados, and education programs. The CLF host an annual Diamond Ball—charity fundraiser event. The inaugural event in 2014 raised over $2 million, with the second raising over $3 million.

On February 12, 2012, Rihanna performed a benefit show at the House of Blues to raise money for the Children’s Orthopaedic Center and The Mark Taper-Johnny Mercer Artists Program at Children’s Hospital. In November 2012, Rihanna gave $100,000 to food bank donation for Hurricane Sandy, On January 3, 2014 Rihanna was part of the MAC Viva Glam campaign, which benefits women, men, and children living with HIV/AIDS.

Personal life

On February 8, 2009, Rihanna’s scheduled performance at the 51st Annual Grammy Awards was cancelled. Reports surfaced that then-boyfriend, singer Chris Brown had physically assaulted her. He was arrested on suspicion of making criminal threats. On March 5, 2009, Brown was charged with assault and making criminal threats. Due to a leaked photograph from the police department obtained by TMZ.com—which revealed that Rihanna had sustained visible injuries—an organization known as STOParazzi proposed “Rihanna’s Law”, which, if enacted, would “deter employees of law enforcement agencies from releasing photos or information that exploits crime victims.” Gil Kaufman of VH1 reported the “nonstop coverage of the Rihanna/Brown case has brought up a number of issues regarding the privacy of alleged victims of domestic violence, including the decision by almost all major news outlets to divulge the identity of the victim—which is not typically done in domestic-violence cases” and discussed the controversial distribution of the leaked photograph. Rihanna was subpoenaed to testify during a preliminary hearing in Los Angeles on June 22, 2009. On June 22, 2009, Brown pleaded guilty to felony assault. Brown received five years probation and was ordered to stay fifty yards (46 meters) away from Rihanna, unless at public events, which then would be reduced to ten yards (nine meters). In February 2011, at the request of Brown’s lawyer and with Rihanna’s consent, Judge Patricia Schnegg modified the restraining order to a “level one order”, which allows the singers to appear at awards shows together in the future.

From December 2009 to 2010, Rihanna dated Dodgers baseball player Matt Kemp. Canadian rapper Drake has also dated the singer. In a January 2013 interview with Rolling Stone, Rihanna confirmed that she had rekindled her relationship with Chris Brown, though he remained under probation for the 2009 domestic violence incident. The confirmation followed persistent media speculation throughout 2012 regarding the pair’s reunion. In a May 2013 interview, Brown stated that he and Rihanna had broken up again. In 2015, Rihanna briefly dated Travis Scott, a rapper from Missouri City, Texas.

Rihanna has stated that she believes in God and that she focuses on obeying God and reading her Bible. She is a fan of Protestant charismatic minister Joyce Meyer. In 2015, Rihanna told Harper’s Bazaar that her faith in God has helped her throughout her career.

During her performance at the NCAA March Madness Music Festival, Rihanna expressed her disagreement with Indiana’s Religious Freedom Restoration Act that allows companies and individuals to use their religious beliefs as protection, in case of being accused of discrimination against LGBT people. Rihanna along with numerous other high-profile celebrities featured in an online video entitled “23 Ways You Could Be Killed If You Are Black in America”. The video was released in partnership with the We Are Here Movement and called for action against police brutality.

According to the New York Post, Rihanna filed a lawsuit against Peter Gunis and the firm Berdon LLP for $35 million but settled out of court for more than $10 million. Forbes began reporting on Rihanna’s earnings in 2012, calculating that she earned $53 million between May 2011 and May 2012, for her music, tour, and endorsements. In 2013, Rihanna came in at number 13 on the list with a total earning of $43 million due to endorsements such as vita coco. In 2015 Rihanna earned $26 million, which resulted in her net worth rising to $160 million by 2016. In July 2016, Forbes magazine placed Rihanna at number 13 on their list of highest paid celebrities, earning $75 million between 2015 and 2016. Rihanna currently lives in Manhattan, New York City and owns a penthouse there that is worth $14 million.

Discography

Rihanna discography
Music of the Sun (2005)
A Girl like Me (2006)
Good Girl Gone Bad (2007)
Rated R (2009)
Loud (2010)
Talk That Talk (2011)
Unapologetic (2012)
Anti (2016)
Filmography

Rihanna videography
Bring It On: All or Nothing (2006)
Battleship (2012)
Coldplay Live 2012 (2012)
Katy Perry: Part of Me (2012)
This Is the End (2013)
Annie (2014)
Home (2015)
Bates Motel (2017)
Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets (2017)
Ocean’s Eight (2018)

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