Archive for the ‘40’s Singers’ Category

B.B. King


King at the 2009 North Sea Jazz Festival

Birth name
Riley B. King
September 16, 1925
Berclair, Mississippi, U.S.
May 14, 2015 (aged 89)
Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
* Blues rhythm and blues blues rock
* Singer guitarist songwriter record producer
* Guitar vocals
Years active
* RPM Crown Kent ABC BluesWay MCA Geffen
Associated acts
* Bobby Bland Eric Clapton
Notable instruments
Gibson ES-355 (“Lucille”)
Riley B. King (September 16, 1925 – May 14, 2015), known professionally as B.B. King, was an American blues singer, electric guitarist, songwriter, and record producer. King introduced a sophisticated style of soloing based on fluid string bending and shimmering vibrato that influenced many later electric blues guitarists.
King was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987, and is considered one of the most influential blues musicians of all time, earning the nickname “The King of the Blues”, and one of the “Three Kings of the Blues Guitar” along with Albert King and Freddie King. King was known for performing tirelessly throughout his musical career, appearing at more than 200 concerts per year on average into his 70s. In 1956, he reportedly appeared at 342 shows.
King was born on a cotton plantation in Berclair, Mississippi, and later worked at a cotton gin in Indianola, Mississippi. He was attracted to music and the guitar in church, and began his performance career in juke joints and local radio. He later lived in Memphis, Tennessee, and Chicago, and toured the world extensively. King died at the age of 89 in Las Vegas, Nevada, on May 14, 2015, from congestive heart failure and diabetic complications.

Early life

Riley B. King was born on September 16, 1925, on a cotton plantation called Berclair, near the town of Itta Bena, Mississippi, the son of sharecroppers Albert and Nora Ella King. He considered the nearby city of Indianola, Mississippi to be his home. When Riley was four years old, his mother left his father for another man, so the boy was raised by his maternal grandmother, Elnora Farr, in Kilmichael, Mississippi.
While young, King sang in the gospel choir at Elkhorn Baptist Church in Kilmichael. King was attracted to the Pentecostal Church of God in Christ because of its music. The local minister led worship with a Sears Roebuck Silvertone guitar. The minister taught King his first three chords. It seems that at the age of 12 he purchased his first guitar for $15.00, although another source indicates he was given his first guitar by Bukka White, his mother’s first cousin (King’s grandmother and White’s mother were sisters).
In November 1941 “King Biscuit Time” first aired, broadcasting on KFFA in Helena, Arkansas. It was a radio show featuring the Mississippi Delta blues. King listened to it while on break at a plantation. A self-taught guitarist, he then wanted to become a radio musician.
In 1943, King left Kilmichael to work as a tractor driver and play guitar with the Famous St. John’s Quartet of Inverness, Mississippi, performing at area churches and on WGRM in Greenwood, Mississippi.
In 1946, King followed Bukka White to Memphis, Tennessee. White took him in for the next ten months. However, King returned to Mississippi shortly afterward, where he decided to prepare himself better for the next visit, and returned to West Memphis, Arkansas, two years later in 1948. He performed on Sonny Boy Williamson’s radio program on KWEM in West Memphis, where he began to develop an audience. King’s appearances led to steady engagements at the Sixteenth Avenue Grill in West Memphis and later to a ten-minute spot on the Memphis radio station WDIA. The radio spot became so popular that it was expanded and became the Sepia Swing Club.
Initially he worked at WDIA as a singer and disc jockey, gaining the nickname “Beale Street Blues Boy”, which was later shortened to “Blues Boy” and finally to B.B. It was there that he first met T-Bone Walker. King said, “Once I’d heard him for the first time, I knew I’d have to have [an electric guitar] myself. ‘Had’ to have one, short of stealing!”



In 1949, King began recording songs under contract with Los Angeles-based RPM Records. Many of King’s early recordings were produced by Sam Phillips, who later founded Sun Records. Before his RPM contract, King had debuted on Bullet Records by issuing the single “Miss Martha King” (1949), which did not chart well. “My very first recordings [in 1949] were for a company out of Nashville called Bullet, the Bullet Record Transcription company,” King recalled. “I had horns that very first session. I had Phineas Newborn on piano; his father played drums, and his brother, Calvin, played guitar with me. I had Tuff Green on bass, Ben Branch on tenor sax, his brother, Thomas Branch, on trumpet, and a lady trombone player. The Newborn family were the house band at the famous Plantation Inn in West Memphis.”

King assembled his own band; the B.B. King Review, under the leadership of Millard Lee. The band initially consisted of Calvin Owens and Kenneth Sands (trumpet), Lawrence Burdin (alto saxophone), George Coleman (tenor saxophone), Floyd Newman (baritone saxophone), Millard Lee (piano), George Joyner (bass) and Earl Forest and Ted Curry (drums). Onzie Horne was a trained musician elicited as an arranger to assist King with his compositions. By his own admission, King could not play chords well and always relied on improvisation.
King’s recording contract was followed by tours across the United States, with performances in major theaters in cities such as Washington, D.C., Chicago, Los Angeles, Detroit, and St. Louis, as well as numerous gigs in small clubs and juke joints of the southern United States. During one show in Twist, Arkansas, a brawl broke out between two men and caused a fire. He evacuated along with the rest of the crowd but went back to retrieve his guitar. He said he later found out that the two men were fighting over a woman named Lucille. He named the guitar Lucille, as a reminder not to fight over women or run into any more burning buildings.
Following his first Billboard Rhythm and Blues chart number one, “3 O’Clock Blues” (February 1952),[30] B.B. King became one of the most important names in R&B music in the 1950s, amassing an impressive list of hits including “You Know I Love You”, “Woke Up This Morning”, “Please Love Me”, “When My Heart Beats like a Hammer”, “Whole Lotta Love”, “You Upset Me Baby”, “Every Day I Have the Blues”, “Sneakin’ Around”, “Ten Long Years”, “Bad Luck”, “Sweet Little Angel”, “On My Word of Honor”, and “Please Accept My Love”. This led to a significant increase in his weekly earnings, from about $85 to $2,500, with appearances at major venues such as the Howard Theater in Washington and the Apollo in New York, as well as touring the entire “Chitlin’ circuit”. 1956 became a record-breaking year, with 342 concerts booked and three recording sessions. That same year he founded his own record label, Blues Boys Kingdom, with headquarters at Beale Street in Memphis. There, among other projects, he produced artists such as Millard Lee and Levi Seabury. In 1962, King signed to ABC-Paramount Records, which was later absorbed into MCA Records, and which itself was later absorbed into Geffen Records. In November 1964, King recorded the Live at the Regal album at the Regal Theater. King later said that Regal Live “is considered by some the best recording I’ve ever had . . . that particular day in Chicago everything came together . . .”
From the late 1960s, new manager Sid Seidenberg pushed King into a different type of venue as blues-rock performers like Clapton and Paul Butterfield were popularizing an appreciation of blues music among white audiences.
King gained further visibility among rock audiences as an opening act on the Rolling Stones’ 1969 American Tour. He won a 1970 Grammy Award for the song “The Thrill Is Gone”; his version became a hit on both the pop and R&B charts. It also gained the number 183 spot in Rolling Stone magazine’s 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.
King was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1980, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987, and the Official Rhythm & Blues Music Hall of Fame in 2014. In 2004, he was awarded the international Polar Music Prize, given to artists “in recognition of exceptional achievements in the creation and advancement of music.”

From the 1980s to his death in 2015, he maintained a highly visible and active career, appearing on numerous television shows and performing 300 nights a year. In 1988, King reached a new generation of fans with the single “When Love Comes to Town”, a collaborative effort between King and the Irish band U2 on their Rattle and Hum album. In December 1997, he performed in the Vatican’s fifth annual Christmas concert and presented his trademark guitar “Lucille” to Pope John Paul II. In 1998, he appeared in The Blues Brothers 2000, playing the part of the lead singer of the Louisiana Gator Boys, along with Eric Clapton, Dr. John, Koko Taylor and Bo Diddley. In 2000, he and Clapton teamed up again to record Riding With the King, which won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album.
Discussing where he took the Blues, from “dirt floor, smoke in the air” joints to grand concert halls, King said the Blues belonged everywhere beautiful music belonged. He successfully worked both sides of the commercial divide, with sophisticated recordings and “raw, raucous” live performance.
2006–2014: farewell tour and later activities

In 2006, King went on a “farewell” world tour, although he remained active afterward during the last years of his life. The tour was partly supported by Northern Irish guitarist Gary Moore, with whom King had previously toured and recorded, including the song “Since I Met You Baby”. It started in the United Kingdom, and continued with performances in the Montreux Jazz Festival and in Zürich at the Blues at Sunset. During his show in Montreux at the Stravinski Hall he jammed with Joe Sample, Randy Crawford, David Sanborn, Gladys Knight, Leela James, Andre Beeka, Earl Thomas, Stanley Clarke, John McLaughlin, Barbara Hendricks and George Duke.

In June 2006, King was present at a memorial of his first radio broadcast at the Three Deuces Building in Greenwood, Mississippi, where an official marker of the Mississippi Blues Trail was erected. The same month, a groundbreaking was held for a new museum, dedicated to King, in Indianola, Mississippi. The B.B. King Museum and Delta Interpretive Center opened on September 13, 2008.
In late October 2006, King recorded a concert album and video entitled B.B. King: Live at his B.B. King Blues Clubs in Nashville and Memphis. The four-night production featured his regular B.B. King Blues Band and captured his show as he performed it nightly around the world. Released in 2008, it was his first live performance recording in over a decade.
In 2007, King played at Eric Clapton’s second Crossroads Guitar Festival and contributed the songs “Goin’ Home”, to Goin’ Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino (with Ivan Neville’s DumpstaPhunk) and “One Shoe Blues” to Sandra Boynton’s children’s album Blue Moo, accompanied by a pair of sock puppets in a music video for the song.
In the summer of 2008, King played at the Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival in Manchester, Tennessee, where he was given a key to the city. Also in 2008, he was inducted into the Hollywood Bowl Hall of Fame.
King performed at the Mawazine festival in Rabat, Morocco, on May 27, 2010. In June 2010, King performed at the Crossroads Guitar Festival with Robert Cray, Jimmie Vaughan, and Eric Clapton. He also contributed to Cyndi Lauper’s album Memphis Blues, which was released on June 22, 2010.

In 2011, King played at the Glastonbury Music Festival, and in the Royal Albert Hall in London, where he recorded a concert video.
Rolling Stone ranked King at No. 6 on its 2011 list of the 100 greatest guitarists of all time.
On February 21, 2012, King was among the performers of “In Performance at the White House: Red, White and Blues”, during which President Barack Obama sang part of “Sweet Home Chicago”. King recorded for the debut album of rapper and producer Big K.R.I.T., who also hails from Mississippi. On July 5, 2012, King performed a concert at the Byblos International Festival in Lebanon.
On May 26, 2013, King appeared at the New Orleans Jazz Festival.
On October 3, 2014, not feeling well enough, King had to stop his live performance at the House of Blues in Chicago, Illinois. A doctor diagnosed King with dehydration and exhaustion, and the eight remaining shows of his ongoing tour had to be cancelled. King didn’t schedule any additional shows for the remainder of the year.
When I sing, I play in my mind; the minute I stop singing orally, I start to sing by playing Lucille.


B.B. King used simple equipment. He played guitars made by various manufacturers early in his career: he played a Fender Esquire on most of his recordings with RPM Records (USA). However, he was best known for playing variants of the Gibson ES-355. In 1980, Gibson Guitar Corporation launched the B.B. King Lucille model. In 2005, Gibson made a special run of 80 Gibson Lucilles, referred to as the “80th Birthday Lucille”, the first prototype of which was given as a birthday gift to King, and which he used thereafter.
King used a Lab Series L5 2×12″ combo amplifier and had been using this amplifier for a long time. It was made by Norlin Industries for Gibson in the 1970s and 1980s. Other popular L5 users are Allan Holdsworth and Ty Tabor of King’s X. The L5 has an onboard compressor, parametric equalization, and four inputs. King also used a Fender Twin Reverb.
He used his signature model strings “Gibson SEG-BBS B.B. King Signature Electric Guitar Strings” with gauges: 10–13–17p–32w–45w–54w and D’Andrea 351 MD SHL CX (Medium 0.71mm, Tortoise Shell, Celluloid) Picks.

B.B. King’s Blues Club

In 1991, Beale Street developer John Elkington recruited B.B. King to Memphis to open the original B.B. King’s Blues Club, and in 1994, a second club was launched at Universal Citywalk in Los Angeles. A third club in New York City’s Times Square opened in June 2000. Two further clubs opened at Foxwoods Casino in Connecticut in January 2002. and another in Nashville in 2003. Another club opened in Orlando in 2007.] A club in West Palm Beach opened in the fall of 2009 and an additional one, based in the Mirage Hotel, Las Vegas, opened in the winter of 2009.

Television and other appearances

King made guest appearances in numerous popular television shows, including The Cosby Show, The Young and the Restless, General Hospital, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Sesame Street, Married… with Children, Sanford and Son, and Touched by an Angel.
In 2000, the children’s show Between The Lions featured a singing character named “B.B. the King Of Beasts”, modeled on the real King.
A feature documentary about King narrated by Morgan Freeman and directed by Jon Brewer was released on October 15, 2012.

King, who was diabetic, appeared in several television commercials for OneTouch Ultra, a blood glucose monitoring device, in the 2000s and early 2010s. He appeared in a 2014 commercial for the Toyota Camry with his guitar Lucille.

Personal life

King was married twice, to Martha Lee Denton, November 1946 to 1952, and to Sue Carol Hall, 1958 to 1966. The failure of both marriages has been attributed to the heavy demands made on the marriage by King’s 250 performances a year. It is reported that he fathered 15 children with several different women. King was also diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in 1990. He lived with diabetes for over 20 years and was a high-profile spokesman in the fight against the disease, appearing in advertisements for diabetes-management products along with American Idol season nine contestant Crystal Bowersox.
King was an FAA certified private pilot and learned to fly in 1963 at what was then Chicago Hammond Airport in Lansing, Illinois. He frequently flew to gigs but in 1995 his insurance company and manager asked him to fly only with another certified pilot. As a result, he stopped flying around the age of 70.
King was a Christian.
King’s favorite singer was Frank Sinatra. In his autobiography he spoke about how he was a “Sinatra nut” and how he went to bed every night listening to Sinatra’s classic album In the Wee Small Hours. During the 1960s Sinatra had arranged for King to play at the main clubs in Las Vegas. He credited Sinatra for opening doors to black entertainers who were not given the chance to play in “white-dominated” venues.

Philanthropy and Notable Campaigns

In September 1970, King recorded Live in Cook County Jail, during a time in which issues of race and class in the prison system were prominent in politics. King also co-founded the Foundation for the Advancement of Inmate Rehabilitation and Recreation, tying in his support for prisoners and interest in prison reform. In addition to prison reform, King also wanted to utilize prison performances as a way to preserve music and songs in a similar way that Alan Lomax did.
In 2002, King signed on as an official supporter of Little Kids Rock, a nonprofit organization that provides free musical instruments and instruction to children in underprivileged public schools throughout the United States. He sat on the organization’s Honorary Board of Directors.
In the 2000’s to early 2010’s, King was involved in the spread of awareness of diabetes since his diagnosis in 1990. He was also involved in a diabetes awareness campaign with American Idol contestant, Crystal Bowersox, with One Touch Ultra, starring in commercials and spreading awareness about diabetes and promoting diabetes health management.

Illness and death
After the cancellation of the remaining eight shows of his 2014 tour because of health problems, King announced on October 8, 2014, he was back at home to recuperate. On May 1, 2015, after two hospitalizations caused by complications from high blood pressure and diabetes, King announced on his website that he was in hospice care at his home in Las Vegas, Nevada. He died in his sleep on May 14, 2015, at the age of 89.
King’s cause of death was determined to be multi-infarct dementia, brought on by a series of small strokes caused by atherosclerotic vascular disease as a consequence of type 2 diabetes. However, two of his daughters alleged that King was deliberately poisoned by two associates trying to induce diabetic shock. The Clark County coroner’s office confirmed on May 25, 2015, that it was performing an autopsy on King’s body and conducting a homicide investigation with the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department, although CNN reported that initial indications did not support the notion of foul play. The autopsy revealed King’s death was of complications of Alzheimer’s disease and congestive heart failure, with no evidence of poisoning.
Funeral and burial

On May 27, 2015, King’s body was flown to Memphis. The funeral procession led down Beale Street, with a brass band marching in front of the hearse, playing “When the Saints Go Marching In”, as mourners called out “BB”. Rodd Bland, son of the late blues singer Bobby “Blue” Bland, carried the latest iteration of King’s famous guitar “Lucille.” Thousands lined the streets to pay their last respects. His body was then driven down Route 61 to his hometown of Indianola, Mississippi.
On May 29, 2015, King’s body was laid out, in a purple satin shirt and a floral tuxedo jacket, flanked by two black Gibson guitars, at the B.B. King Museum and Delta Interpretive Center, in Indianola. Fans lined up to view his open casket.
On May 30, 2015, King’s funeral was held at the Bell Grove Missionary Baptist Church in Indianola, Mississippi. He was buried at the B.B. King Museum.


King is alleged to have fathered 15 children by 15 different women; and after his death, three more have come forward, claiming King as their father as well. Though neither of his marriages produced children, and biographer Charles Sawyer wrote that doctors found his sperm count too low to conceive children,[106] King never disputed paternity of any of the 15 who claimed it, and by all accounts was generous in bankrolling college tuitions and establishing trust funds.
In May 2016, the 11 surviving children initiated legal proceedings against King’s appointed trustee over his estimated $30 million to $40 million estate. Several of them also went public with the allegation that King’s business manager, LaVerne Toney, and his personal assistant, Myron Johnson, had fatally poisoned him. When autopsy results showed no evidence of poisoning, the suit was dismissed; a defamation suit filed by Johnson against the accusing family members (including his own sister, Karen Williams) is pending. Other children have filed lawsuits targeting King’s music estate, which remains in dispute.

B.B. King discography

Studio albums

* Singin’ the Blues (1956)
* The Blues (1958)
* B.B. King Wails (1959)
* King of the Blues (1960)
* Sings Spirituals (1960)
* The Great B.B. King (1960)
* My Kind of Blues (1961)
* Blues For Me (1961)
* Blues in My Heart (1962)
* Easy Listening Blues (1962)
* B.B. King (1963)
* Mr. Blues (1963)
* Confessin’ the Blues (1966)
* Blues on Top of Blues (1968)
* Lucille (1968)
* Live & Well (1969)
* Completely Well (1969)
* Indianola Mississippi Seeds (1970)
* B.B. King in London (1971)
* L.A. Midnight (1972)
* Guess Who (1972)
* To Know You Is to Love You (1973)
* Friends (1974)
* Lucille Talks Back (1975)
* King Size (1977)
* Midnight Believer (1978)
* Take It Home (1979)
* There Must Be a Better World Somewhere (1981)
* Love Me Tender (1982)
* Blues ‘N’ Jazz (1983)
* Six Silver Strings (1985)
* King of the Blues: 1989 (1988)
* There Is Always One More Time (1991)
* Blues Summit (1993)
* Lucille & Friends (1995)
* Deuces Wild (1997)
* Blues on the Bayou (1998)
* Let the Good Times Roll (1999)
* Makin’ Love Is Good for You (2000)
* Riding with the King (2000, with Eric Clapton)
* A Christmas Celebration of Hope (2001)
* Reflections (2003)
* B.B. King & Friends: 80 (2005)
* One Kind Favor (2008)


Awards and nominations

Years reflect the year in which the Grammy was awarded, for music released in the previous year.
Grammy Awards
Best Male R&B Vocal Performance
“The Thrill Is Gone”
Best R&B Instrumental Performance
“When I’m Wrong”
Best Ethnic or Traditional Recording
“There Must Be a Better World Somewhere”
Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals
“Street Life”
Best Traditional Blues Recording
Blues ‘n Jazz
My Guitar Sings the Blues
Live at San Quentin
Best Country Collaboration with Vocals
“Waiting on the Light to Change”
Best Traditional Blues Album
Live at the Apollo
Blues Summit
Best Country Collaboration with Vocals
Best Rock Instrumental Performance
“SRV Shuffle”
Best Contemporary Blues Album
Deuces Wild
Best Traditional Blues Album
Blues on the Bayou
Best Traditional Blues Album
Riding with the King
Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals
“Is You or Is You Ain’t (Baby)”
Best Traditional Blues Album
A Christmas Celebration of Hope
Best Pop Instrumental Performance
“Auld Lang Syne”
Best Traditional R&B Performance
“Sinner’s Prayer” (with Ray Charles)
Best Traditional Blues Album
B. B. King & Friends: 80
Best Traditional Blues Album
One Kind Favor
Other awards
Country Music Association
Album of the Year
Rhythm, Country and Blues (“Patches” with George Jones)
NAACP Image Awards
Outstanding Performance in a Youth/Children’s Series or Special
Sesame Street

B.B. King receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom from George W. Bush, December 2006
Other honors

* 1977: Honorary Doctor of Music by Yale University
* 1980: Inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame
* 1987: Inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame
* 1987: Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
* 1990: The National Medal of Arts
* 1991: The National Heritage Fellowship from the NEA
* 1995: The Kennedy Center Honors; given to recognize “the lifelong accomplishments and extraordinary talents of our nation’s most prestigious artists”[114]
* 1998: Grammy Hall of Fame Award for “The Thrill is Gone”; the award is given to recordings that are at least 25 years old and that have “qualitative or historical significance”
* 2004: The Royal Swedish Academy of Music awarded him the Polar Music Prize for his “significant contributions to the blues”
* 2006: The Presidential Medal of Freedom awarded by President George W. Bush on December 15
* 2007: An honorary doctorate in music by Brown University (May 27)
* 2008: The keys to the city of Portland, Maine (May 14)
* 2009: Time named King No. 3 on its list of the 10 best electric guitarists
* 2010: Sabrosa Park (in the small town of Sabrosa, north of Portugal) was renamed B.B. King Park in honor of King and the free concert he played before 20,000 people on May 29
* Each year during the first week in June, a King Homecoming Festival is held in Indianola, Mississippi
* A Mississippi Blues Trail marker was added for King, commemorating his birthplace


Patsy Cline


Cline at 4 Star Records in March 1957

Birth name Virginia Patterson Hensley
Also known as Ginny, Patsy
Born September 8, 1932
Winchester, Virginia
Died March 5, 1963 (aged 30)
near Camden, Tennessee Read more »

LaVern Baker


Baker in 1956

Birth name Delores LaVern Baker
Also known as Delores Williams
Little Miss Sharecropper
Bea Baker
Born November 11, 1929
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Died March 10, 1997 (aged 67)
Queens, New York, U.S.
Genres Blues, R&B
Occupations Singer, actress
Years active 1946–1967, 1988–1991
Labels National, Okeh, Atlantic, Brunswick
Associated acts Jackie Wilson
Delores LaVern Baker (November 11, 1929 – March 10, 1997) was an American rhythm and blues singer who had several hit records on the pop chart in the 1950s and early 1960s. Her most successful records were “Tweedle Dee” (1955), “Jim Dandy” (1956), and “I Cried a Tear” (1958).

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Tony Bennett


in 2003
Born Anthony Dominick Benedetto
August 3, 1926 (age 89)
Astoria, Queens, New York, U.S.
Education School of Industrial Art
Occupation singer, painter
Years active 1949–present
Patricia Beech
(m. 1952–1971; divorced)
Sandra Grant
(m. 1971–1983; divorced)[citation needed]
Susan Crow
(m. 2007–present)
D’Andrea (Danny) Bennett
Daegal (Dae) Bennett
Joanna Bennett
Antonia Bennett
Parents John Benedetto
Anna Suraci
Musical career
Traditional pop show tunes swing jazz easy listening
Instruments Vocals
Columbia MGM Improv Legacy Recordings
Associated acts
Count Basie Count Basie Orchestra Bill Evans k.d. lang Lady Gaga Amy Winehouse
Anthony Dominick Benedetto (born August 3, 1926), known professionally by his stage name Tony Bennett, is an American singer of traditional pop standards, big band, show tunes, and jazz. He is also a painter, having created works under the name Anthony Benedetto that are on permanent public display in several institutions. He is the founder of the Frank Sinatra School of the Arts in Astoria, Queens, New York.

Born and raised in Astoria to an Italian-American family, Bennett began singing at an early age. He fought in the final stages of World War II as a U.S. Army infantryman in the European Theater. Afterward, he developed his singing technique, signed with Columbia Records and had his first number-one popular song with “Because of You” in 1951. Several top hits such as “Rags to Riches” followed in the early 1950s. He then refined his approach to encompass jazz singing. He reached an artistic peak in the late 1950s with albums such as The Beat of My Heart and Basie Swings, Bennett Sings. In 1962, Bennett recorded his signature song, “I Left My Heart in San Francisco”. His career and his personal life experienced an extended downturn during the height of the rock music era.

Bennett staged a comeback in the late 1980s and 1990s, putting out gold record albums again and expanding his reach to the MTV Generation while keeping his musical style intact. He has won 19 Grammy Awards (including a Lifetime Achievement Award, presented in 2001) and two Emmy Awards, and was named an NEA Jazz Master and a Kennedy Center Honoree. He has sold over 50 million records worldwide.

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Marty Robbin


Robbins in 1966.
Background information
Birth name Martin David Robinson
Born September 26, 1925
Glendale, Arizona, United States
Died December 8, 1982 (aged 57)
Nashville, Tennessee, United States
Genres Country, western, rockabilly
Occupations Musician, songwriter, actor, NASCAR driver
Instruments Guitar, piano, dobro, vocals
Years active 1948–1982
Labels Columbia, Decca
Martin David Robinson (September 26, 1925 – December 8, 1982), known professionally as Marty Robbins, was an American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and racing driver. One of the most popular and successful country and western singers of all time for most of his near four-decade career. Robbins often topped the country music charts, and several of his songs also had crossover success as pop hits.


Patty Page


Clara Ann Fowler
Born November 8, 1927
Claremore, Oklahoma, United States
Origin Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States
Died January 1, 2013 (aged 85)
Encinitas, California, United States
Genres Traditional pop, country
Occupation Singer
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1946–2012
Labels Mercury, Columbia, Epic, Avco, Plantation
Clara Ann Fowler (November 8, 1927 – January 1, 2013), known by her professional name Patti Page, was an American singer of traditional pop music. She was the top-charting female vocalist and best-selling female artist of the 1950s, selling over 100 million records during a six decade long career. She was often introduced as “the Singin’ Rage, Miss Patti Page”. New York WNEW disc-jockey William B. Williams introduced her as “A Page in my life called Patti”.

Page signed with Mercury Records in 1947, and became their first successful female artist, starting with 1948’s “Confess”. In 1950, she had her first million-selling single “With My Eyes Wide Open, I’m Dreaming”, and would eventually have 14 additional million-selling singles between 1950 and 1965.

Page’s signature song, “Tennessee Waltz”, was one of the biggest-selling singles of the 20th century, and is recognized today as one of the official songs of the state of Tennessee. It spent 13 weeks atop the Billboard magazine’s Best-Sellers List in 1950. Page had three additional No. 1 hit singles between 1950 and 1953, “All My Love (Bolero)”, “I Went to Your Wedding”, and “(How Much Is That) Doggie in the Window”.

Unlike most pop music singers, Page blended country music styles into many of her most popular songs. As a result of this crossover appeal, many of Page’s singles appeared on the Billboard Country Chart. Towards the 1970s, she shifted her career towards country music and began having greater success on its charts, ending up one of the few vocalists to have made them in five separate decades.

With the rise of Rock and Roll in the second half of the 1950s, traditional pop music began to wane. Page was among a small number of traditional pop music singers able to sustain success, continuing to have major hits into the mid-1960s with “Old Cape Cod”, “Allegheny Moon”, “A Poor Man’s Roses (Or a Rich Man’s Gold)”, and “Hush, Hush, Sweet Charlotte”.

In 1997, Patti Page was inducted into the Oklahoma Music Hall of Fame. She was posthumously honored with the Lifetime Achievement Grammy Award in 2013.

Buck Owens

Birth name
Alvis Edgar Owens, Jr.
August 12, 1929
Sherman, Texas, United States
March 25, 2006 (aged 76)
Bakersfield, California, United States
Country, Bakersfield sound
singer, bandleader
Vocals, guitar
Years active
Capitol Records, Sundazed Records
The Buckaroos, Susan Raye, Rose Maddox, Dwight Yoakam, Roy Clark
Alvis Edgar “Buck” Owens, Jr. (August 12, 1929 – March 25, 2006) was an American musician, singer, songwriter and band leader who had 21 No. 1 hits on the Billboard country music charts with his band the Buckaroos. They pioneered what came to be called the Bakersfield sound, a reference to Bakersfield, California, the city Owens called home and from which he drew inspiration for what he preferred to call American music.
While Owens originally used fiddle and retained pedal steel guitar into the 1970s, his sound on records and onstage was always more stripped-down and elemental, incorporating elements of rock and roll. His signature style was based on simple storylines, infectious choruses, a twangy electric guitar, an insistent rhythm supplied by a drum track placed forward in the mix, and high two-part harmonies featuring Owens and his guitarist Don Rich.
Beginning in 1969, Owens co-hosted the TV series Hee Haw with Roy Clark. He left the cast in 1986. The accidental death of Rich, his best friend, in 1974 devastated him for years and abruptly halted his career until he performed with Dwight Yoakam in 1988. Owens died on March 25, 2006 shortly after performing at his Crystal Palace restaurant, club and museum in Bakersfield.
Owens is a member of the Country Music Hall of Fame and the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame.

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Bill Haley

William John Clifton Haley
Also known as Jack Haley, Johnny Clifton
Born July 6, 1925
Highland Park, Michigan, USA
Died February 9, 1981 (aged 55)
Harlingen, Texas, USA
Genres Rock and roll, country, rockabilly
Occupations Singer-songwriter, musician, bandleader
Instruments Vocals, guitar, slap bass
Years active 1946–1980
Labels Decca, Brunswick (UK), Cowboy, Atlantic, Keystone, Center, Holiday, Essex, Warner Bros. Records, Orfeón, Dimsa, Newtown, Guest Star, Logo, APT, Gone, United Artists, Roulette, Sonet, Buddah, Antic, Arzee, London (UK)
Associated acts Bill Haley & His Comets, The Down Homers
William John Clifton “Bill” Haley (/ˈheɪliː/; July 6, 1925 – February 9, 1981) was an American rock and roll musician. He is credited by many with first popularizing this form of music in the early 1950s with his group Bill Haley & His Comets and million-selling hits such as “Rock Around the Clock”, “See You Later, Alligator”, “Shake, Rattle and Roll”, “Rocket 88”, “Skinny Minnie”, and “Razzle Dazzle”. He has sold over 25 million records worldwide.

Frank Sinatra And Senator John F. Kennedy

Even though teenagers where listening to watered down Rock’N’Roll, it’s their parents that can vote and have the money to by records and most of the USA likes Frank Sinatra. Frank Sinatra had the power to chance people minds about a lot of things, so when he wants to help you, please don’t tell him what to do.

In 1960 Senator John F. Kennedy was an unknown and it looks like Vice President Richard Milhouse Nixion was going to win for President. Frank Sinatra, who was a Democratic at the time, liked Senator John F. Kennedy, so he asked his dad Joe Kennedy, who was in the Irish Mafia, to be able to help with his son presidency.

So Frank Sinatra and his Rat Pack help promote Senator John F. Kennedy. Sammy Davis Jr. helped with the black vote in Harlem, but when Joe Kennedy heard that a Black Man, was helping his son, he told Frank Sinatra that he didn’t want that Boy helping his son (Joe Kennedy was a racist and like the Democratics in office of his generation, didn’t want the Black Race to succeed). Frank Sinatra would do anything to help Senator John F. Kennedy, so he told Sammy Davis Jr. Stop helping Senator John F. Kennedy with the election. Frank Sinatra helped Sammy Davis Jr. with his career, so he stopped helping, however, that might have been the reason why Sammy Davis Jr. become a Republican. with Frank Sinatra’s help, other celebrities came out and helped Senator John F. Kennedy. With all the celebrities wanting Senator John F. Kennedy to win, their fans voted for Senator John F. Kennedy, without knowing what he’s views was, and that’s why I don’t think celebrities should promote one candidate over another. This was the first time celebrities helped politicians and it’s continue until people stop listening to what celebrities think and do.

We Americans have the freedom to think and it’s about time we think of the greater good and not what someone that we buy their CD’s, watch their movies or watch them play their sports. We pay for their mansion, their jewelry and their products, so it’s about time they think about us and keep their opinions to themselves !!!

Carol Perkins

Birth name Carl Lee Perkins
Born April 9, 1932
Tiptonville, Tennessee, U.S.
Died January 19, 1998 (aged 65)
Jackson, Tennessee, U.S.
Rockabilly country rock and roll
Occupations Singer, songwriter, guitarist
Instruments Guitar, vocals
Years active 1946–1998
Labels Sun, Columbia, Mercury
Associated acts Perkins Brothers Band
Johnny Cash
Elvis Presley
Jerry Lee Lewis
Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998) was an American singer-songwriter who recorded most notably at Sun Records Studio in Memphis, Tennessee, beginning in 1954. His best-known song is “Blue Suede Shoes”.

According to Charlie Daniels, “Carl Perkins’ songs personified the rockabilly era, and Carl Perkins’ sound personifies the rockabilly sound more so than anybody involved in it, because he never changed.” Perkins’ songs were recorded by artists (and friends) as influential as Elvis Presley, the Beatles, Jimi Hendrix, and Johnny Cash, which further cemented his place in the history of popular music. Paul McCartney even claimed that “if there were no Carl Perkins, there would be no Beatles.”

Called “the King of Rockabilly”, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll, the Rockabilly, the Memphis Music, and the Nashville Songwriters Halls of Fame; and was a Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipient.

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